Finnish ( endonym: suomi [ˈsuo̯mi] ( listen) or suomen kieli [ˈsuo̯meŋ ˈkie̯li]) is a Uralic language of the Finnic branch spoken by the majority of the population in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. Finnish is one of the two official languages of Finland (the other being Swedish ).
The majority of people living in Finland consider Finnish to be their first language. According to Statistics Finland, of the country's total population of 5,503,297 at the end of 2016, 88.3% (or 4,857,795) considered Finnish to be their native language.
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Finnish is a synthetic and an agglutinative language. This means that words in Finnish have a stem called "body", and other parts inside them which make up the meaning. Finnish is similar in this respect to the Japanese language, Turkish language, and Latin language. In Finnish, there are 17 cases/word types (sanatyypit). You can think of a "case" as an ending added to a word that helps describe its purpose in the sentence.
The Finnish Wikipedia (Finnish: Suomenkielinen Wikipedia) is the edition of Wikipedia in the Finnish language. By article count, it is the 24th largest Wikipedia with about 507,000 articles as of April 2021. Wikipedia is the only encyclopedia in Finnish which is still updated.
There are two sign languages: Finnish Sign Language, spoken natively by 4,000–5,000 people, and Finland-Swedish Sign Language, spoken natively by about 150 people. Tatar is spoken by a Finnish Tatar minority of about 800 people whose ancestors moved to Finland mainly during Russian rule from the 1870s to the 1920s.
Encyclopedia of Sociology (Соціологічна енциклопедія) Encyclopedia of the Ukrainian Language ( Енциклопедія "Українська мова" ) Encyclopedia of Ukrainіan Studies ( Енциклопедія українознавства )
The etymology is traced up to Proto-Uralic, the earliest known protolanguage of Finnish, thus having cognates in other Uralic languages, such as húgy in Hungarian language. It is used by people in compound words, such as "kusipää" (pisshead, common translation of "asshole"), as very offensive insults.
Sociology of language focuses on the language's effect on the society. It is closely related to the field of sociolinguistics , which focuses on the effect of the society on the language. One of its longest and most prolific proponents is Joshua Fishman , who among other major contributions, founded (and still edits) the International Journal ...
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