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      • NARRATOR: The colony of Georgia was founded in 1733 just North of Spanish Florida by an English philanthropist named James Oglethorpe. James Oglethorpe was a gentleman and a do-gooder in a way. He was interested in the plight of the poor in England.
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    Who founded the colony of Georgia and why?

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  2. Nov 28, 2020 · Fast Facts: Colony of Georgia Also Known As: Guale, Carolina Colony Named After: British King George II Founding Year: 1733 Founding Country: Spain, England First Known European Settlement: 1526, San Miguel de Gualdape Residential Native Communities: Creek Confederacy, Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw Founders: Lucas Vázques de Ayllón, James Oglethorpe

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  3. Establishing the Georgia Colony, 1732-1750 In the 1730s, England founded the last of its colonies in North America. The project was the brain child of James Oglethorpe, a former army officer. After Oglethorpe left the army, he devoted himself to helping the poor and debt-ridden people of London, whom he suggested settling in America.

    • Establishing The Colony of Georgia
    • Plan of Savannah
    • Colony of Georgia
    • Plan of Ebenezer

    In 1733, General James Oglethorpe, acting on behalf of the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in England, landed a group of colonists and settled the town of Savannah in the new colony of Georgia. Scroll down to learn more about Georgia during the colonial period.

    In 1733, General James Edward Oglethorpe laid out the plan of the city of Savannah based on a system of town wards, each containing building lots, trust lots, and a central square. By 1734, the first four squares were laid out. Over the next century, Savannah would continue to grow and expand to the east, west, and south extending the square system...

    In 1733, General James Oglethorpe, acting on behalf of the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in England, landed a group of colonists and settled the town of Savannah in the new colony of Georgia. Georgia was established in part as an experiment, based on ideals lost in the other colonies’ growth, and to provide the mother coun...

    The town of Ebenezer was settled by German-speaking Protestants called Salzburgers who were forced to leave Germany because of their religious beliefs. The first Salzburger settlement did not have good access to the Savannah River and the colonists suffered from diseases like malaria. At their second site, closer to the Savannah River, the Salzburg...

  4. This video briefly outlines the founding of Georgia. Georgia Watch on NARRATOR: The colony of Georgia was founded in 1733 just North of Spanish Florida by an English philanthropist named James Oglethorpe. James Oglethorpe was a gentleman and a do-gooder in a way. He was interested in the plight of the poor in England.

    • Prehistory and European Exploration
    • Colonial and Revolutionary Georgia
    • Civil War and Reconstruction
    • The “New South” and Populism
    • Jim Crow
    • The Great Depression and World War II
    • The Civil Rights Era and Sunbelt Georgia
    • Developments in The Twenty-First Century

    The human history of Georgia begins well before the founding of the colony, with Native American cultures that date back to the Paleoindian Period at the end of the Ice Age, nearly 13,000 years ago. The Clovis culture, identified by its unique projectile points, is the earliest documented group to have lived in present-day Georgia. The more permane...

    Georgia’s colonial experience was very different from that of the other British colonies in North America. Established in 1732, with settlement in Savannah in 1733, Georgia was the last of the thirteen colonies to be founded. Its formation came a half-century after the twelfth British colony, Pennsylvania, was chartered (in 1681) and seventy years ...

    By 1860 the “Empire State of the South,” as an increasingly industrialized Georgia had come to be known, was the second-largest state in area east of the Mississippi River. (Only Virginia was larger, until its northwestern counties withdrew to form the separate state of West Virginia in 1863.) As both an Atlantic seaboard state and a Deep South sta...

    The Redemption era in Georgia marked a return to power of several antebellum and wartime leaders, most notably the group known as the “Bourbon Triumvirate,” consisting of former Confederate governor Joseph E. Brown and former Confederate generals John B. Gordon and Alfred H. Colquitt. These three politicians maintained power within Georgia as gover...

    The demise of the Populists had consequences in Georgia (and across the South) that extended beyond their failure as a third party. In the wake of Populism’s unsuccessful efforts to challenge the established racial hierarchy, reactionary heirs of the Bourbon Triumvirate worked to curtail the political power of Black voters, as well as to formalize ...

    Meanwhile, for all the talk of progress and prosperity emanating from Atlanta and other cities, conditions in the countryside went from bad to worse. The boll weevilbecame a major problem upon its introduction to the state in 1915 and led to a precipitous drop in cotton production, with the number of bales produced in 1923 only about a fourth of th...

    As the civil rights era of the 1950s and 1960s unfolded, the interests, aims, and ambitions of Atlanta’s political and economic leaders diverged dramatically in many ways from those that prevailed in the state at large. As the city’s population surged, Atlanta voters chafed under the state’s county unit system, which gave, for example, three rural ...

    In state politics white support for Democrats eroded steadily in the twenty-first century as Republicans rode their presidential momentum to victories further down the ticket. In 2003 Sonny Perduebecame the first Republican governor since Reconstruction, and he easily won reelection in 2006. By 2009 the Republican Party controlled both houses of th...

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