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  1. France - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/France

    The French Crusaders also imported the French language into the Levant, making French the base of the lingua franca (litt. "Frankish language") of the Crusader states . [49] French knights also made up the majority in both the Hospital and the Temple orders .

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  2. French language - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_language

    French (français or langue française [lɑ̃ɡ fʁɑ̃sɛːz]) is a Romance language of the Indo-European family. It descended from the Vulgar Latin of the Roman Empire, as did all Romance languages. French evolved from Gallo-Romance, the Latin spoken in Gaul, and more specifically in Northern Gaul.

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    • 76.8 million worldwide, An estimated 274 million French speakers (L1 plus L2; 2014)
  3. Lingua franca - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lingua_franca
    • Overview
    • Characteristics
    • Etymology
    • Usage notes
    • Examples

    A lingua franca, also known as a bridge language, common language, trade language, auxiliary language, vehicular language, or link language, is a language or dialect systematically used to make communication possible between groups of people who do not share a native language or dialect, particularly when not one of the speakers' native languages. Lingua francas have developed around the world throughout human history, sometimes for commercial reasons, but also for cultural, religious, diplomati

    A lingua franca is any language used for communication between people who do not share a native language. It can be a mixed language such as a pidgin or creole used for communication between language groups. It can be native to one nation but used as a second language for communication in a colony or former colony. Lingua franca is a functional term, independent of any linguistic history or language structure. Lingua francas are often pre-existing languages with native speakers, but they can als

    The term lingua franca derives from Mediterranean Lingua Franca, the pidgin language that people around the Levant and the eastern Mediterranean Sea used as the main language of commerce and diplomacy from late medieval times, especially during the Renaissance era, to the 18th century. At that time, Italian-speakers dominated seaborne commerce in the port cities of the Ottoman Empire and a simplified version of Italian, including many loan words from Greek, Old French, Portuguese, Occitan, and S

    The term is well established in its naturalization to English, which is why major dictionaries do not italicize it as a "foreign" term. Its plurals in English are lingua francas and linguae francae, with the former being first-listed or only-listed in major dictionaries.

    The use of lingua francas has existed since antiquity. Latin and Koine Greek were the lingua francas of the Roman Empire and the Hellenistic culture. Akkadian and then Aramaic remained the common languages of a large part of Western Asia from several earlier empires. The Hindustani language is the lingua franca of Pakistan and Northern India. Many Indian states have adopted the Three-language formula in which students in Hindi-speaking states are taught: " Hindi; Urdu or any other modern Indian

  4. French franc - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/French_franc

    The franc (/ f r æ ŋ k /; French: ; sign: F or Fr), also commonly distinguished as the French franc (FF), was a currency of France.Between 1360 and 1641, it was the name of coins worth 1 livre tournois and it remained in common parlance as a term for this amount of money.

    • FRF (1960–2002)
    • balles (1 F); sacs (10 F); bâton, brique, patate, plaque (10,000 F)
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  6. French cuisine was introduced in the 20th century by Georges Auguste Escoffier (1846–1935). He was a genius at organisation. He was a genius at organisation. He worked out how to run large restaurants, as in a big hotel or a palace; how the staff should be organised; how the menu was prepared.

  7. Free France - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Free_French

    Free France and its Free French Forces (French: France Libre et les Forces françaises libres) was the government-in-exile led by Charles de Gaulle during the Second World War, and its military forces, that continued to fight against the Axis powers as an Allied nation, following the Fall of France.

  8. Economy of France - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economy_of_France

    French employment rates for the working age population is one of the lowest of the OECD countries: in 2020, only 64.4% of the French working age population were in employment, compared to 77% in Japan, 76.1% in Germany, 75.4% in the UK, but the French employment rate was higher than that of the US, which stood at 62.5%.

  9. Franca - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franca

    Franca is a municipality in the Brazilian state of São Paulo.The population is 350,400 (2018 est.) in an area of 606 km 2. Its elevation is 1140 m. It was established in 1805 as a parish within the municipality of Moji Mirim, and became an independent municipality in 1824.

  10. França – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre

    pt.wikipedia.org/wiki/França

    França (em francês: France; pronúncia em francês: (escutar (ajuda · info))), oficialmente República Francesa (em francês: République française; [ʁepyblik fʁɑ̃sɛz]), é um país, ou, mais especificamente, um Estado unitário localizado na Europa Ocidental, com várias ilhas e territórios ultramarinos noutros continentes.

    • Paris
    • Paris, 48° 52′N 2° 19,59′E
  11. Franca - Wikipedia

    sq.wikipedia.org/wiki/Franca

    Franca është ekonomia e dytë në Evropë pas Gjermanisë dhe e pesta ne botë pas SHBA-së, Japonisë, Kinës dhe Gjermanisë. Ajo pothuajse është në pozita të përafërta me ekonominë britanike,ku në vite të ndryshme GDP ndërmjet këtyre 2 vendeve lëviz me një përqindje shumë të vogël(në 2009 GDP e Francës ishte 2,6 trilion ...