French is an official language in 29 countries across multiple continents, most of which are members of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie (OIF), the community of 84 countries which share the official use or teaching of French. French is also one of six official languages used in the United Nations.
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France ( French: [fʁɑ̃s] ), officially the French Republic (French: République française) is a transcontinental country spanning Western Europe and overseas regions and territories in South America and the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans. Including all of its territories, France has twelve time zones, the most of any country.
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In ancient times, the Celts lived in what is now France. In those days, the land was called Gaul (Latin: Gallia). The Romans conquered Gallia and divided it into provinces. Because the Romans spoke Latin, the local people learned Latin and began to speak it. Their own language, Gaulish, tended to be spoken less often, although Breton is a language still spoken today in the part of France called Brittany, that came from the old Celtic language. French pronunciation, more so than other Romance languages, became radically different from Latin. After the Roman Empire fell and Germanic peoples swarmed the countryside, Vulgar Latin was changing quickly. In medieval France it changed into two dialects or languages: langue d'oc and langue d'oïl. They both mean "language of yes", because oc was the word for "yes" in the south, and oïl meant "yes" in the north. Today, the word for yes in French is oui, pronounced like "we". In 1635, France established the French Academyin order to standardize...
French uses the Roman alphabet, just like English. There are a few differences because vowels can have three types of diacritics added on to them. They are the acute accent é; grave accent è and circumflex accent î. A cedilla can also be added onto a c to make ç.
Here are some examples of French words and sentences : Many French words are like English words, because English took many words from the Norman language, a dialect of French influenced by Old Norse. This is true even though scholars consider English to be a Germanic language, like German. For example, many English words ending with "tion", "sion", "ible", or "able" came from the French language. French and English have many cognates, which are words that look and sound similar because they come from the same source. Here are some examples:↑ 1.0 1.1 "Ethnologue: French". Retrieved 23 September 2017.↑ "French language is on the up, report reveals". 6 November 2014.↑ (in French) "Les francophones dans le monde" (Francophones in the world")— Gives details from a report. Archived 2012-05-05 at WebCite↑ "Celtic History". Retrieved 1 August 2010.French Language at Citizendium
1773 – French astronomer Charles Messier discovered the Whirlpool Galaxy (pictured), an interacting, grand design spiral galaxy located an estimated 31 million light-years away. 1843 – B'nai B'rith , the world's oldest continually operating Jewish service organization , was founded in New York City.