- Because many children in VAD-affected countries rely on rice as a staple food, genetic modification to make rice produce the vitamin A precursor beta-carotene was seen as a simple and less expensive alternative to ongoing vitamin supplements or an increase in the consumption of green vegetables or animal products.
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The approaches taken by governments to assess and manage the development and release of genetically modified organisms(GMOs) vary from country to country. Some of the most marked differences are between the USA and Europe. The US regulatory policy is the Coordinated Framework for Regulation of Biotechnology. The policy has three main principles: 1. US policy will focus on the product of genetic modification (GM) techniques, not the process itself 2. Only regulation grounded in verifiable scientific risks will be tolerated, and 3. GM products are on similar enough to existing products that existing laws are sufficient to review the products. European Union have the strictest GMO rules in the world. All GMOs, and irradiatedfood, are considered "new food" and subject to extensive, case-by-case, science based food evaluation by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). The criteria for authorization has four broad categories: "safety," "freedom of choice," "labelling," and "traceability".
Most vegetable oil used in the US is produced from GM crops. Vegetable oil is sold directly to consumers as cooking oil, margarine, and shortening, and is used in prepared foods. As for soybeans, about 95% of the US crop is GM, and about 85% of the world's soybean crop is processed into soybean meal and vegetable oil. The bulk of the soybean crop is grown for oil production, with the high-protein defatted and "toasted" soy meal used as for farm animal food and dog food. 98% of the US soybean crop is used for feeding farm animals. A smaller percentage of soybeans are used directly for human food.
Green: Mandatory labeling required; Red:Ban on import and cultivation of genetically engineered food.
5 days ago · This GM crop was engineered by introducing into the rice genome a ferritin gene from the common bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, that produces a protein capable of binding iron, as well as a gene from the fungus Aspergillus fumigatus that produces an enzyme capable of digesting compounds that increase iron bioavailability via digestion of phytate (an inhibitor of iron absorption).
3 days ago · Genetically modified crops (GM crops) are genetically modified plants that are used in agriculture.The first crops developed were used for animal or human food and provide resistance to certain pests, diseases, environmental conditions, spoilage or chemical treatments (e.g. resistance to a herbicide).
Apr 29, 2021 · Golden rice is a variety of rice produced through genetic engineering to biosynthesize beta-carotene, a precursor of vitamin A, in the edible parts of rice. It is intended to produce a fortified food to be grown and consumed in areas with a shortage of dietary vitamin A, a deficiency which each year is estimated to kill 670,000 children under the age of 5 and cause an additional 500,000 cases of irreversible childhood blindness. Rice is a staple food crop for over half of the world's population,
Apr 18, 2021 · GM crops are as natural and safe as today's bread wheat, opined Dr. Borlaug, who also reminded agricultural scientists of their moral obligation to stand up to the antiscience crowd and warn policy makers that global food insecurity will not disappear without this new technology and ignoring this reality global food insecurity would make future ...
Apr 23, 2021 · Most corn and soybean crops grown in the midwestern USA are genetically modified. There are corn and soybean varieties that are resistant to herbicides like glyphosate and corn that produces neonicotinoid pesticide within all of its tissues.
Apr 28, 2021 · The GLP's mission is to aid the public, media and policymakers in understanding the science and implications of human and agricultural genetics and biotech.
2 days ago · Southern Florida is home to the largest concentration of sugarcane plantations in the US. The area is home to one-quarter of the country’s sugar production, and for half of the year, farmers there routinely set their crops on fire. Using a controlled method of sugarcane burning, Florida growers set the fires in contained, small areas, […]
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