- A few fresh fruits and vegetables are available in GMO varieties, including potatoes, summer squash, apples, and papayas. Although GMOs are in a lot of the foods we eat, most of the GMO crops grown in the United States are used for animal food.
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Jan 13, 2019 · The scientist Dennis Gonsalves developed the genetically modified Rainbow papaya, which can defend itself from papaya ring spot disease by inserting a gene from the virus into the fruit’s genetic...
- Hypo-allergenic GM tomatoes. The next in the list of genetically modified fruits and vegetables is the hypoallergenic tomato. Food allergies are one of the most common problems that many people face.
- Purple tomato with snapdragon gene to fight cancer. Plant geneticist Cathie Martin and her team of UK researches proved that anything is possible by developing the purple colored tomato.
- Genetically modified bananas. GM bananas is the next type of fruit that has made it to the list of genetically modified fruits and vegetables. A team in Uganda is responsible for this particular modification.
- Lematos. The unique combination of lemon and tomato is the next name on the list of genetically modified fruits and vegetables.Thanks to the efforts of a few Israeli researchers, Lematos a tangy and sour fruit that is a boon to the environment.
Apr 18, 2017 · Genetically modified fruits and vegetables, also known as “GMOs” (genetically modified organisms), are created in a laboratory environment using various genetic engineering techniques. The seeds and plants that result from this process are typically sold for both commercial and independent use.
Sep 20, 2018 · 20 SEPTEMBER 2018 Next time you bite into a slice of watermelon or a cob of corn, consider this: these familiar fruits and veggies didn't always look and taste this way. Genetically modified foods, or GMOs, inspire strong reactions nowadays, but humans have been tweaking the genetics of our favourite produce for millennia.
Sep 28, 2020 · A few fresh fruits and vegetables are available in GMO varieties, including potatoes, summer squash, apples, and papayas. Although GMOs are in a lot of the foods we eat, most of the GMO crops grown...
Jan 01, 2018 · Fruit ripening is a highly coordinated, genetically programmed, and an irreversible phenomena involving a series of physiological, biochemical, and organoleptic changes that finally lead to the development of a soft edible ripe fruit with desirable quality attributes (Seymour et al., 2002).
- Khalid Z. Masoodi, Saba Mir, Shabir H. Wani, Shabir H. Wani, Farheena Shah, Minu B. Balkhi, Sajad M....
- Advantages of Genetic Modification
- Risks of Genetically Modified Crops
- Examples of Fruits and Vegetables Altered Genetically
- Food Labels and Regulation
The main advantage of genetic modification of fruits and vegetables is that the modified fruit or vegetable is better able to grow and thrive in harsh conditions. Not only do genetic engineers create crops that are resistant to cold, which is a huge concern for farmers in regions that are prone to low night temperatures or early season frost, they also engineer produce that are resistant to pests. This reduces the number of crops that are damaged by insects. Another advantage is that genetically modified crops are resistant to specific types of viruses, bacteria or fungi. More regions are becoming viable to farming because of genetically modified crops. Areas that were thought to be too dry to grow anything are now planted with drought resistant varieties. Soil that contains a high concentration of salt is now farmable thanks to genetically altered crops that are able to thrive in various soil conditions. Another advantage of genetic engineeringis that it can increase the nutritiona...
The main disadvantage of genetically modified food is that the newly introduced gene produces a characteristic that is potentially harmful to people, other organisms or the environment. Nothing has been established so far that points to a risk to human health, but one area that is a concern is allergens. The concern is that individuals with a specific allergy, such as peanut allergy, may have an allergic reaction to a genetically modified food that was altered with a gene from a peanut. Gene characteristics that are naturally transferred to the environment, usually through pollen, can alter the properties of surrounding plants and animals. The main concern is that herbicide resistance in modified crops would spread to weeds, leading to increased weed growth. Some studies have shown that pollen from modified crops could harm certain insects.
There are several foods that have been altered genetically. Some varieties of tomatoes and cantaloupes have been modified with genes that enhance ripening. Specifically, tomatoes have been engineered to ripen on the vine and resist bruising during shipping. Tomatoes that are used for sauces, ketchup and pastes have been modified to be more fleshy and contain more lycopene. Increasing the sweetness of winter cantaloupes is a goal of some genetic engineers, while others have tried to introduce resistance to viruses. Soybeans and sugar beets have been made resistant to herbicides, and one type of corn is engineered with genetic material from a bacteria to increase its resistance to pests. There is research that aims to prevent sugars from turning to starch in sweet corn with the goal of prolonging its sweetness after harvest. Also, strawberries and other berries may have been tested to resist damage from cold temperatures and frost.
Foods that are genetically modified generally look the same as naturally grown produce. In the market the only way to tell if a fruit or vegetable is genetically modified is with a label. Unfortunately, farmers are not required to label foods that are genetically modified. Instead, it is a voluntary effort that isn't uniform among agribusinesses. There is regulation regarding foods that are exported to other countries. The export country must label foods that are genetically modified, and the country that imports it has the right to reject the food. In Japan, it is mandatory to test the safety of genetically modified foods, while some states in Brazil have banned such foods. In the United States, several regulatory bodies oversee the safety of genetically modified foods, including the FDA, EPA and USDA.
1. Whitman, Deborah B. "Genetically Modified Foods: Harmful or Helpful?" CSA Illumina. https://www.csa.com/discoveryguides/gmfood/overview.php 2. "Genetically Engineered Fruits and Vegetables." Biotechnology Information Series – Iowa State University. https://www.biotech.iastate.edu/biotech_info_series/bio8.html
- Wild watermelon. This 17th-century painting by Giovanni Stanchi depicts a watermelon that looks strikingly different from modern melons, as Vox points out.
- Modern watermelon. Over time, humans have bred watermelons to have a red, fleshy interior — which is actually the placenta — like the ones seen here. Some people think the watermelon in Stanchi's painting may just be unripe or unwatered, but the black seeds in the painting suggest that it was, in fact, ripe.
- Wild banana. The first bananas may have been cultivated at least 7,000 years ago — and possibly as early as 10,000 years ago — in what is now Papua New Guinea.
- Modern banana. The hybrid produced the delicious modern banana, with its handy, graspable shape and peelable covering. Compared to its ancestor, the fruit has much smaller seeds, tastes better, and is packed with nutrients.
- related to: genetically modified fruits
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