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  2. Establishing the Georgia Colony, 1732-1750 In the 1730s, England founded the last of its colonies in North America. The project was the brain child of James Oglethorpe, a former army officer. After Oglethorpe left the army, he devoted himself to helping the poor and debt-ridden people of London, whom he suggested settling in America.

    • Establishing The Colony of Georgia
    • Plan of Savannah
    • Colony of Georgia
    • Plan of Ebenezer

    In 1733, General James Oglethorpe, acting on behalf of the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in England, landed a group of colonists and settled the town of Savannah in the new colony of Georgia. Scroll down to learn more about Georgia during the colonial period.

    In 1733, General James Edward Oglethorpe laid out the plan of the city of Savannah based on a system of town wards, each containing building lots, trust lots, and a central square. By 1734, the first four squares were laid out. Over the next century, Savannah would continue to grow and expand to the east, west, and south extending the square system...

    In 1733, General James Oglethorpe, acting on behalf of the Trustees for the Establishment of the Colony of Georgia in England, landed a group of colonists and settled the town of Savannah in the new colony of Georgia. Georgia was established in part as an experiment, based on ideals lost in the other colonies’ growth, and to provide the mother coun...

    The town of Ebenezer was settled by German-speaking Protestants called Salzburgers who were forced to leave Germany because of their religious beliefs. The first Salzburger settlement did not have good access to the Savannah River and the colonists suffered from diseases like malaria. At their second site, closer to the Savannah River, the Salzburg...

    • Early Exploration
    • The Margravate of Azilia
    • Founding and Ruling The Colony
    • War of Independence
    • Sources and Further Reading

    The first Europeans to set foot in Georgia were Spanish conquistadors: it is possible that Juan Ponce de Leon (1460–1521) made it to the coastal reaches of the future state by 1520. The first European colonization was on the coast, probably near St. Catherine's Island, and established by Lucas Vázques de Ayllón (1480–1526). Called San Miguel de Gua...

    The Margravate of Azilia, a colony proposed in 1717 by Robert Montgomery (1680–1731), the 11th Baronet of Skelmorlie, was to be located somewhere between the Savannah and Altamaha Rivers, as an idyllic establishment with a palace of the margrave (leader) surrounded by a green space and then in descending circles farther and farther from the center,...

    It was not until 1732 that the colony of Georgia was actually created. This made it the last of the 13 British colonies, a full fifty years after Pennsylvaniacame into being. James Oglethorpe was a well-known British soldier who thought that one way to deal with debtors who were taking up a lot of room in British prisons was to send them to settle ...

    In 1752, Georgia became a royal colony and the British parliamentselected royal governors to rule it. Historian Paul Pressly has suggested that unlike the other colonies, Georgia succeeded in the two decades before Independence because of its connections to the Caribbean and based on an economy of rice supported by the enslavement of Black people. ...

    Coleman, Kenneth (ed.). "A History of Georgia," 2nd edition. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991.
    Pressly, Paul M. "On the Rim of the Caribbean: Colonial Georgia and the British Atlantic World." Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2013.
    Russell, David Lee. "Oglethorpe and Colonial Georgia: A History, 1733-1783." McFarland, 2006
    Sonneborne, Liz. "A Primary Source History of the Colony of Georgia." New York: Rosen Publishing Group, 2006.
    • History Expert
  3. Georgia was a proprietary colony from 1732 till 1752, which meant that it was managed by a board of trustees in Britain. In 1752, citing failure of the trustees in managing it, the king declared it as a royal colony. Georgia, as a royal colony, provided Britain with deerskin, leather, naval stores, indigo, pork, beef, lumber, and rice.

  4. Dec 21, 2022 · Georgia Colonial History Spanish conquistadors were the first Europeans to arrive in modern-day Georgia, most famously Hernando de Soto, in 1540. In the 1600s, the Spanish sent missionaries...

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