The capital of Germany is the city state of Berlin.It is the seat of the President of Germany, whose official residence is Schloss Bellevue.The Bundesrat ("federal council") is the representation of the Federal States (Bundesländer) of Germany and has its seat at the former Prussian Herrenhaus (House of Lords).
During the existence of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany), the most common second language taught there was Russian, while English and French were the preferred second languages taught in schools in the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany).
This is a list of political parties in Germany.. Germany has a multi-party system. There are two large parties, three smaller parties, and a number of minor parties. The last federal elections were held in December 2017.