Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963), was a landmark U.S. Supreme Court decision in which the Court ruled that the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution requires U.S. states to provide attorneys to criminal defendants who are unable to afford their own.
Gideon v. Wainwright, case in which the U.S. Supreme Court on March 18, 1963, ruled (9–0) that states are required to provide legal counsel to indigent defendants charged with a felony. The case centred on Clarence Earl Gideon, who had been charged with a felony for allegedly burglarizing a pool hall in Panama City, Florida, in June 1961. At his first trial he requested a court-appointed ...
Betts v. Brady, 316 U.S. 455 (1942), was a landmark United States Supreme Court case that denied counsel to indigent defendants prosecuted by a state. The reinforcement that such a case is not to be reckoned as denial of fundamental due process was famously overruled by Gideon v. Wainwright.
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Powell v. Alabama was a case decided on November 7, 1932, by the United States Supreme Court holding that, under the Sixth Amendment, counsel must be provided to all defendants charged with a capital felony in a state court regardless of that defendant's ability to pay.
米兰达警告（Miranda Warning），又称米兰达权利（Miranda Rights），是美国刑事诉讼中的犯罪嫌疑人保持沉默的权利，起源于1966年美国最高法院“米兰达诉亚利桑那州案（Miranda v. Arizona）”中由美国首席大法官厄尔·沃伦（Earl Warren）所撰写的判决书。“你有权保持沉默。如果你不保持沉默，那么你所说 ...