Livonian territories. Terra Mariana (the Livonian Confederation from 1435): Archbishopric of Riga (from 1207, as Bishopric of Riga until 1255, subjugated directly to the Holy See in 1215, again from 1225, secularized and ... Livonian Order (secularized 16th century, secularized and subjugated to the ...
Historic states (Holy Roman Empire) Monarchs (Queens, Empresses, 1918, Family tree, Austria, Bavaria, Prussia, Saxony, Württemberg, Mediatised)
The Holy Roman Empire ruled over much of western and central Europe from the 9th century to the 19th century. It envisioned itself as a dominion for Christendom continuing in the tradition of the ancient Roman Empire and was characterized by strong papal authority.
Holy Roman emperor, ruler and head of state of the Holy Roman Empire. In 800 Charlemagne became the first such leader when Pope Leo III proclaimed him “emperor of the Romans.” The last Holy Roman emperor was Francis II, who dissolved the Holy Roman Empire in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars. Origin of the title
Nov 9, 2009 · The war lasted from 1618 to 1648, starting as a battle among the Catholic and Protestant states that formed the Holy Roman Empire. However, as the Thirty Years’ War evolved, it became less...
The German states were bound together in a loose political entity known as the Holy Roman Empire, which dated to the era of Charlemagne in the 800s. By the late eighteenth century, the Holy Roman Empire was, as Voltaire remarked, “Neither holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire.”
Nov 9, 2009 · The war lasted from 1618 to 1648, starting as a battle among the Catholic and Protestant states that formed the Holy Roman Empire.
Jun 11, 2018 · The Holy Roman Empire was a feudal monarchy that encompassed present-day Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Switzerland, Austria, the Czech and Slovak Republics, as well as parts of eastern France, northern Italy, Slovenia, and western Poland at the start of the early modern centuries.
This is a list of states in the Holy Roman Empire beginning with the letter I: Name Type Circle Bench Formed Notes Inner Austria: Duchy 1379: Partitioned from Austria: 1406: Annexed to Austria Irsee: Abbacy Swab SP 1186 1695: Imperial immediacy 1802: To Bavaria: Isenberg-Limburg: County
Key Points. The Holy Roman Empire was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806. The German prince-electors, the highest-ranking noblemen of the empire, usually elected one of their peers to be the emperor.