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Where is the volcanic island of Jan Mayen?
- Our destination was Jan Mayen, a volcanic island situated on the mid-Atlantic ridge just north of 71° (about 550 kilometers north of Iceland and 450 kilometers east of Greenland ). Jan Mayen is reputedly shrouded in mist the vast majority of the time so it was a very pleasant surprise to see the conical crater appearing over the horizon.
Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island in the Arctic Ocean, with no permanent population. It is 55 km long and 373 km2 in area, partly covered by glaciers [an area of 114.2 km2 around the Beerenberg volcano]. It has two parts: larger northeast Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km wide isthmus. It lies 600 km northeast of Iceland, 500 km east of central Greenland and 1,000 km west of the North Cape, Norway. The island is mountainous, the highest summit being the Beerenberg ...
- 377 km² (146 sq mi)
- 0 (up to 35 non-permanent residents)
- 2,277 m (7470 ft)
- Arctic Ocean
Jan Mayen is an island situated at 71°N 8°30'V, about 1000 km west of mainland Norway and 550 km northeast of Island . The island is 53 km long and covers 377 km2. As recently as 1985 there was an eruption from the volcano Beerenberg (2277 m) on the island - the world´s northernmost volcano above sea level, and Norway's only active volcano.
With a surface of 373 qkm it is approximately as large as the city of Cologne. The coastal length amounts to 124.1 kilometers. The island is 53.6 kilometers long and only 2.5 to 15.8 kilometers wide. Similar to Iceland, Jan Mayen lies on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and is volcanically active.
- 374 square kilometers
- Beerenberg (2.277 m)
- 124,1 km
- 71° 2' 47" N, 8° 13' 49" W
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Where is the volcanic island of Jan Mayen?
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This island can be divided into two parts: northeast Nord-Jan and Sør-Jan, bridged by a 1.5-mile-wide isthmus. Here, two of the largest lakes of the island, Sørlaguna (South Lagoon) and Nordlaguna (North Lagoon), can be found. But the high point of island - literally and figuratively - is glacier-covered Beerenberg, towering 7,470 feet tall.
Jan Mayen is a long, narrow island—only 34 miles long and two to nine miles wide—with the volcano dominating the northeastern end. During a tour of Jan Mayen, travelers will have the opportunity to explore the southern half of the island that consists of a mountainous ridge of craters, mounds, and domes.
- A Visit to The Fascinating Island of Jan Mayen
- Brief History of Jan Mayen
- Landing Båtvika, at The Southern Part of Jan Mayen
- Volcanic Landscape
- Sailing North
After exploring the remote island of Fair Isle, our Atlantic Odyssey voyage once more turned its attentions northwards and left the outer extremities of the UK behind. Our destination was Jan Mayen, a volcanic island situated on the mid-Atlantic ridge just north of 71° (about 550 kilometers north of Iceland and 450 kilometers east of Greenland). Jan Mayen is reputedly shrouded in mist the vast majority of the time so it was a very pleasant surprise to see the conical crater appearing over the horizon. Over eighty nautical miles away and completely cloud free. © Karen Mulders - Jan Mayen landing beach
Jan Mayen was recorded in early manuscripts from Norse and Irish travellers but was first occupied in the 17th century by English and Dutch whalers. It was visited infrequently till the 1900’s and then in 1906 Norwegian trappers and hunters inhabited the island seeking the blue arctic fox for its fur. In 1921 a meteorological station was established and since then, the island has been continually occupied. It was officially annexed to Norway in 1930 and shortly after was the only part of Norwaynot under German occupation, despite a number of attempts. Now, it is run by the Norwegian military and supports meteorological science year round.
The Zodiacs left the ship and headed towards Båtvika (The Boat Cove), a bay lying on the eastern coast close to the Norwegian base. Even setting off in reasonably calm seas was no guarantee of getting ashore as even a small swell out at seas can dump large waves on the steeply sloping shoreline making for a tricky landing. We need not have worried. An idyllic cove fringed with ash black sand little troubled by the gently lapping water greeted us. Also there to greet us was an assembly of Norwegian base staff eager to welcome us onto and show off their island in the sun.
A steady stream of passengers followed our initial Zodiac disembarking with ease and steadily made their way northwards along the islands only road. Many stopped for some retail therapy at the base shop and nearly all explored the landscape beyond the base. The volcanic history of the island is evident all around and reminded me of islands in the South Shetlands. Jan Mayen can be approximated into two halves. The northern half of the island, Nørd Jan, is where Beerenburg the northernmost active volcano in the world lies. It has a classic ’Mount Fuji’ shape to it and sports a nice caldera when viewed from the satellite imagery. The southern end is no less volcanic but is a confusion of lava flows, striated hillsides and cinder cones. © Oceanwide Expeditions - Beautiful Jan Mayen Panorama The two sections are separated by a narrow isthmus of land sometimes less than 3 kilometres wide. One of the more magical experiences was when one paused and took in the volume of the kittiwake’s cal...
After an uneventful departure, we weighed anchor and departed Jan Mayen under darkening skies with poor weather encroaching from the south. The Planciusworked its way along the spectacular coast of Nørd Jan. Stratified volcanic cliffs could be scoured through binoculars for a myriad of seabirds until our attention was diverted to a pair of humpbacks. Lovely evening light on the summit of Beerenburg dispatched us north in search of the ice.