In total, 46% of the world's population (3.2 billion) speaks an Indo-European language as a first language, by far the highest of any language family. There are about 445 living Indo-European languages, according to the estimate by Ethnologue, with over two thirds (313) of them belonging to the Indo-Iranian branch.
- One of the world's primary language families
- Albanian, Armenian, Balto-Slavic (Baltic and Slavic languages), Celtic, Germanic, Hellenic, Indo-Iranian (Indo-Aryan, Iranian, and Nuristani), Italic (including Romance languages), Anatolian †, Illyrian †(?), Daco-Thracian †(?), Tocharian †, Phrygian †, Cimmerian † (?), Lusitanian †(?)
You may have noticed that a few languages spoken on the European continent are not included in the Indo-European family of languages. Finnish, Hungarian and Estonian belong to the Uralic (also called Finno-Ugric) family, and Basque (spoken in the Pyrenees region) has no genetic relation to any other language.
People also ask
What is the Indo European language family tree?
Is Finnish part of the Indo-European language family?
Is European an Indo-European language?
How many Indo European languages are there?
Spoken in: Finland and parts of Sweden Number of Native Speakers:5.4 million While Finland is considered a Nordic country, the Finnish language bears little resemblance to nearby languages like Swedish. That’s because it’s not even in the same family. Finnish is part of the Finnic language branch of the Uralic language family. Long ago, before Indo-European speaking tribes arrived in Europe, near the Ural Mountains and the bend in the middle of the Volga River, people spoke a language called proto-Uralic. The Finnish language is descended from this ancient tongue. Fun facts about Finnish: 1. The first written example of Finnish was found in a German travel journal from 1460. It wasn’t written by a native Finnish speaker, and it perfectly captures the lament of many travellers to Finland. It reads “Mÿnna tachton gernast spuho somen gelen emÿna daÿda”, which translates to “I want to speak Finnish but I am unable). 2. Horns up! With more heavy metal bands than any other country, Finlan...
Spoken in: Hungary, of course, but also parts of Austria, Croatia, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and Ukraine. Number of native speakers:13 million Like Finnish, Hungarian is a member of the Uralic language family. Fun facts about Hungarian: 1. Hungarian has 14 vowels. No, really. 2. The longest Hungarian word is Megszentségteleníthetetlenségeskedéseitekért. It has 44 letters!
Spoken in: Estonia, primarily. Number of native speakers:1.1 million Like Finnish, Estonian is a Finnic language and is part of the Uralic language family. Fun facts about Estonian: 1. Estonian syllables have three different lengths: short, long and “overlong.” 2. The Estonian language has no genders and no future tense, leading Estonians to joke that their language has “no sex and no future.”
Spoken in: Basque Country in Spain and France Number of native speakers:750,000 The Basque language is a language isolate- it is not related to any other known languages. Nobody quite knows where it comes from, though scholars believe that Basque predates the arrival of Indo-European speakers to the European continent. Fun facts about Basque: 1. Basque is one of the world’s oldest living languages. 2. The British Foreign Office ranks Basque as the hardest language for English speakers to learn.
Spoken in: Parts of Finland, Norway, Russia and Sweden Number of native speakers: 30,000 Sámi is a group of closely-related languages spoken by the Sámi people. Traditionally, the Sámi were semi-nomadic and lived off the land, often by herding reindeer. The Sámi languages are in the same family as Finnish. Fun facts about the Sámi languages: 1. Ume Sami and Pite Sami are both in the top 10 most endangered languages in Europe. 2. The Sami have at least 180 different words for snow and ice.
Spoken in: Malta Number of native speakers: 520, 000 Unlike other European languages, the Maltese language evolved from Arabic and is classified as a Semitic language. Although it comes from Arabic, it has also been heavily influenced by Italian. Fun facts about the Maltese language: 1. Amongst the official languages of the European Union, Maltese is the only Semitic language. 2. Maltese is the only Semitic language that’s written in the Latin script. Whether you need to translate content into an Indo-European language or a non-Indo-European language, K International has you covered. Our expert native-speaking translators and other experts are here to be your voice in another language. Take a look at our language services and contact usfor your next project.
Indo-European Languages Timeline. Search Results. c. 3400 BCE. Earliest possible end of Proto-Indo-European linguistic unity. 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE.
Finnish has even preserved old Indo-European borrowings relatively unchanged as well. (An example is porsas ("pig"), loaned from Proto-Indo-European *porḱos or pre-Proto-Indo-Iranian *porśos, unchanged since loaning save for loss of palatalization, *ś > s.) Mutual intelligibility
Which nine (9) languages that are spoken in present-day Europe are not in the Indo-European family (Indo-European is one of about 225 language families worldwide) In the early Middle Ages, the people of the Iberian Peninsula spoke Latini , which had derived from Latin and was to become Romanzo , the earliest name for Spanish.
Jan 23, 2015 · Finnish belongs to the Uralic language family and shares roots with some indigenous tongues in Scandinavia such as Sami.
Using the research data from Ethnologue, Minna has used a family tree metaphor to illustrate how all major European, and even plenty of Eastern languages can be grouped into Indo-European and Uralic families of languages. The whole image is dotted with languages, with bigger leaves representing those with the most native speakers.
The tree illustrates the Indo-European and Uralic languages which as far as we know are unrelated to the languages of Africa. Just like all modern humans are related in some way, so all languages are probably related, but just how Indo-European and Uralic are related to any of the languages of Africa is as yet poorly understood.