Yahoo Web Search

  1. About 94,400 search results

  1. CZ is free. All written content is available under the Creative Commons-Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license or any later. Written content that originated in part from Wikipedia is also available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Dedicated server hosting by Steadfast Networks

  2. en.citizendium.org › wiki › IslamIslam - Citizendium

    • Terminology
    • Pre-Islamic Arabia
    • The Life of Muhammad
    • Muhammad’s Station
    • The Five Pillars
    • Main Beliefs
    • Creation of An Islamic Civilization

    Islam has been called "Muhammadanism" in the past, and its adherents have been termed "Muhammadans." Neither term is acceptable to many Muslims, however, because they do not view themselves merely as followers of Muhammad and do not speak of Muhammad as the founder of their religion. Instead, the founder is God and the Qur'ān, their scripture, is g...

    Quite a bit is known about Arabia immediately before the coming of Muhammad. To the north and west were Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Palestine, all urbanized, advanced societies. Iran and the Byzantine Empire were constantly fighting for control over Iraq and Syria and the border between these two huge empires fluctuated back and forth. Arabia was invade...

    In the year 570 Yemen attempted to invade and conquer Mecca and the area, but the invasion failed. Because the Yemenese army was equipped with elephants—the tanks of their day—the year of the invasion was remembered as "the year of the elephant."This was the year in which Muhammad was born. Islamic literature, especially sunnah and hadith, offers a...

    There is a strong tension between the understanding (common in official Sunnī Islam) of Muhammad as a mortal man with a divine message and understandings in popular Islam and official Shi'ite Islam to exalt him as a miracle working prophet. But for all Muslims, Muhammad is seen as the epitome of Muslim life, and Muslims have long sought to emulate ...

    Shahādah

    Giving testimony of one's belief in the only God and his prophet Muhammad. If one says "There is no God but God, and Muḥammad is the prophet of God" with the proper intent (niyah) in the presence of at least two believers one is considered a Muslim; there is no other rite of initiation in Islam. The shahada is very simple, asserting the existence of the one God and of his prophet. More elaborate creeds (e.g., aqidah, what one affirms to be certain) have to be believed by Muslims, but they are...

    Salāt or obligatory prayer

    This prayer, which consists of verses from the Qur'ān, begins with ablutions where one washes the face, hands, and feet. Mosques include places where one can wash. Ablution establishes a state of ritual purification. It is preferred to say the prayer on a prayer mat, in order to avoid contamination by the world while in a state of ritual purification; even a spread out newspaper can be used by Muslims as a prayer mat. A Muslim prays five times a day: between dawn and sunrise; at noon; in late...

    Zakāt or alms giving

    This pillar embodies the principle of social responsibility in it. A Muslim must give a portion of his wealth to the needy. It usually involves contributing to the mosque, which then redistributes it to widows, orphans, and other needy persons. Muslim legal experts have fixed the percentage one gives at about 2.5% of one's total income, though it varies depending on whether agricultural produce, property, or gold is the source of the wealth. Muslims believe that the giving of zakat purifies o...

    There are several creeds in the Qurʾān: 1. Whoever disbelieveth in God and His angels and His scriptures and His messengers and the Last Day, he verily wandered far stray (4:136) 2. Who is an enemy of God, His Angels, His Messengers, Gabriel and Michael! Then, lo! God is an enemy to the disbelievers (2:98) 3. …righteous is he who believeth in God a...

    When Islam suddenly expanded beyond the Arab peninsula, it was the religion of simple desert people; Mecca, the largest town in central Arabia, probably had less than ten thousand people. Within a decade of the Prophet's death, however, Muslims were masters of a million square miles or more of territory, and controlled cities of a half million peop...

  3. Tálibán (paštunsky a persky طالبان; „studenti“, sami svou vládu nazývají Islámský emirát Afghánistán) je radikální hnutí v Afghánistánu.V letech 1996–2001 reálně vládlo na většině území Afghánistánu, byť diplomatického uznání se mu dostalo pouze od tří zemí, a to Saúdské Arábie, Spojených arabských emirátů a Pákistánu.

  4. Aug 29, 2021 · The first two pages of Taşköprüzade's "el-Meʿâlim fî ʿilmi'l-kelâm" (Beyazıt State Library, Veliyyüddin Efendi, nr. 2149, via TDV TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi)

  5. CZ is free. All written content is available under the Creative Commons-Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported license or any later. Written content that originated in part from Wikipedia is also available under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Dedicated server hosting by Steadfast Networks

  6. en.citizendium.org › wiki › JihadJihad - Citizendium

    The concept broadened in the 12th century work of Ibn Tamiyya, who formulated an additional concept of "external" jihad, or struggle, usually but not necessarily armed, against enemies of Islam. Some theologians considered external jihad, when Islam faces enemies, to be an addition to the five basic Pillars of Islam. Armed jihad

  7. Čečensko, někdy také Čečna, plným názvem Čečenská republika ( rusky Чеченская Республика, čečensky Нохчийн Республика ), je autonomní republika Ruské federace na severním Kavkaze o rozloze cca 16 tisíc km 2. Hraničí s ruskými republikami Dagestánem na východě, Ingušskem na západě a ...

  1. People also search for