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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ItalyItaly - Wikipedia

    Italy (Italian: Italia ), officially the Italian Republic or the Republic of Italy (Italian: Repubblica Italiana [reˈpubblika itaˈljaːna]), is a country that consists of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and several islands surrounding it; its territory largely coincides with the homonymous geographical region.

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    Italy is a peninsula. It is surrounded by the sea on all of its sides except its north side. Northern Italy is separated from France, Switzerland, and Austria by the Alps, a chain of mountains. Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco in Italian or white mountain in English), the highest mountain in Western Europe, is in this chain. The second important chain of m...

    People from Italy are called Italians. Even if an Italian were to leave Italy, it is possible that their descendants could also claim Italian citizenship. This is because of Italian nationality law relying mostly on ius sanguinis or "right of blood" in Latin. Almost all Italians are Christians. Most of these are Roman Catholics. Roman Catholicism i...

    Italy has a modern social welfare system. The labor market is relatively strength. Many foreigners, especially from Romania, work in Italy where the wages are much higher. Italy's modern society has been built up through loans. Now the country has a very high debt of 1.9 trillion euros or 120 percent of the country's total GDP.

    Most people in Italy are Roman Catholics, but the Catholic Church is no longer officially the state religion. 87.8% of the people said they were Roman Catholic.Only about a third said they were active members (36.8%). There are also other Christian groups in Italy, more than 700,000 Eastern Orthodox Christians. 180,000 of them belong to the Greek O...

    Italy has 20 regions (Italian: regioni). Every region is divided into provinces. There are 20 regions. Five of them have a special status, called autonomous. This means that they can make certain local laws more easily. These regions are marked with an asterisk(*) below.

    The head of state is Sergio Mattarella. He became President of the Italian Republic in February 2015. The first president was Enrico De Nicola. The head of government is Mario Draghi. He became Prime Minister on February 13, 2021. He succeeded Giuseppe Conte. Conte's cabinet, fell after a political crisis caused by Italia Viva, a liberal political ...

    The railway network in Italy totals 16,627 kilometres (10,332 miles). It is the 17th longest in the world. High speed trains include ETR-class trains which travel at speeds of up to 300 km/h (190 mph).

  2. The history of Italy covers the ancient period, the Middle Ages, and the modern era. Since classical antiquity, ancient Etruscans, various Italic peoples (such as the Latins, Samnites, and Umbri ), Celts, Magna Graecia colonists, and other ancient peoples have inhabited the Italian Peninsula.

  3. sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › ItalyItaly - Wikipedia

    Italy ( Italian: Italia ), offeecially the Italian Republic ( Repubblica Italiana ), is a kintra in the sooth o Europe. It comprises a buit-shapit, peninsula an twa muckle islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily an Sardinia, an shares it's northren alpine mairch wi Monaco, Fraunce, Swisserland, Austrick an Slovenie.

  4. In 2006, 87.8% of Italy's population self-identified as Roman Catholic, although only about one-third of these described themselves as active members (36.8%). In 2016, 71.1% of Italian citizens self-identified as Roman Catholic. This increased again to 78% in 2018. Most Italians believe in God, or a form of a spiritual life force.

    • 6.8 births/1,000 population (2020)
    • -0.57% (2020)
    • 12.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020)
    • 58,875,348 (01 June 2022)
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