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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › ItalyItaly - Wikipedia

    Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland, Campione. With over 60 million inhabitants, [21] Italy is the third-most populous member state of the European Union . Due to its central geographic location in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean, Italy has historically been home to myriad peoples and cultures.

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    Italy is a peninsula. It is surrounded by the sea on all of its sides except its north side. Northern Italy is separated from France, Switzerland, and Austria by the Alps, a chain of mountains. Mont Blanc (Monte Bianco in Italian or white mountain in English), the highest mountain in Western Europe, is in this chain. The second important chain of m...

    People from Italy are called Italians. Even if an Italian were to leave Italy, it is possible that their descendants could also claim Italian citizenship. This is because of Italian nationality law relying mostly on ius sanguinis or "right of blood" in Latin. Almost all Italians are Christians. Most of these are Roman Catholics. Roman Catholicism i...

    Italy has a modern social welfare system. The labor market is relatively strength. Many foreigners, especially from Romania, work in Italy where the wages are much higher. Italy's modern society has been built up through loans. Now the country has a very high debt of 1.9 trillion euros or 120 percent of the country's total GDP.

    Most people in Italy are Roman Catholics, but the Catholic Church is no longer officially the state religion. 87.8% of the people said they were Roman Catholic.Only about a third said they were active members (36.8%). There are also other Christian groups in Italy, more than 700,000 Eastern Orthodox Christians. 180,000 of them belong to the Greek O...

    Italy has 20 regions (Italian: regioni). Every region is divided into provinces. There are 20 regions. Five of them have a special status, called autonomous. This means that they can make certain local laws more easily. These regions are marked with an asterisk(*) below.

    The head of state is Sergio Mattarella. He became President of the Italian Republic in February 2015. The first president was Enrico De Nicola. The head of government is Mario Draghi. He became Prime Minister on February 13, 2021. He succeeded Giuseppe Conte. Conte's cabinet, fell after a political crisis caused by Italia Viva, a liberal political ...

    The railway network in Italy totals 16,627 kilometres (10,332 miles). It is the 17th longest in the world. High speed trains include ETR-class trains which travel at speeds of up to 300 km/h (190 mph).

  2. The history of Italy covers the ancient period, the Middle Ages, and the modern era. Since classical antiquity, ancient Etruscans, various Italic peoples (such as the Latins, Samnites, and Umbri ), Celts, Magna Graecia colonists, and other ancient peoples have inhabited the Italian Peninsula.

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  4. sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › ItalyItaly - Wikipedia

    Italy ( Italian: Italia ), offeecially the Italian Republic ( Repubblica Italiana ), is a kintra in the sooth o Europe. It comprises a buit-shapit, peninsula an twa muckle islands in the Mediterranean Sea, Sicily an Sardinia, an shares it's northren alpine mairch wi Monaco, Fraunce, Swisserland, Austrick an Slovenie.

  5. Spoken. Italian, others. This article is about the demographic features of the population of Italy, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. At the beginning of 2022, Italy had an estimated population of 58,9 million.

    • 6.8 births/1,000 population (2020)
    • -0.57% (2020)
    • 12.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020)
    • 58,906,742 (01 April 2022)
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