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  1. List of islands of Japan - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_islands_of_Japan

    The five main islands of Japan are: Hokkaido - the northernmost and second largest main island. Honshu - the largest and most populous island with the capital Tokyo. Kyushu - the third largest main island and nearest to the Asian continent. Shikoku - the second smallest main island after Okinawa. It is between Honshu and Kyushu.

  2. List of islands of Japan by area - Wikipedia › wiki › List_of_islands_of_Japan

    Wikipedia list article. Japan has 6,852 islands. Approximately 430 are inhabited. This list provides basic geographical data of the most prominent islands belonging or claimed by Japan . Name. area, maximal height, m. population. Prefecture.

    maximal height, m
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  4. List of islands of Japan - Simple English Wikipedia, the free ... › wiki › List_of_islands_of_Japan

    Main islands. Japan has four main islands running from north to south. The general shape of the island grouping looks like the body of a dragon with its head erect. Hokkaidō; Honshū; Shikoku; Kyūshū; List of smaller islands of Japan. Japan has 6,000+ smaller islands and 430+ are inhabited.

  5. Japanese archipelago - Wikipedia › wiki › Japanese_Archipelago
    • Overview
    • Terminology
    • Palaeogeography
    • Geography

    The Japanese archipelago is a group of 6,852 islands that form the country of Japan as well as the Russian island of Sakhalin. It extends over 3,000 km from the Sea of Okhotsk in the northwest to the East China and Philippine Seas in the southwest along the Pacific Ocean coast of the Eurasian continent, and consists of four island arcs from north to south: the Sakhalin Island Arc, the Northeastern and Southwestern Japan Arcs, and the Ryukyu Island Arc. The Kuril Island Arc, the Daitō...

    The term mainland Japan is used to distinguish the mainland from the remote islands. It is used when referring to the main islands of Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku and Okinawa. It included Karafuto Prefecture until the end of World War II. The term Home Islands was used at the end of World War II to define the area of Japan to which its sovereignty and the constitutional rule of the emperor would be restricted. The term is also commonly used today to distinguish the archipelago from Japan's

    Japanese archipelago, Sea of Japan and surrounding part of continental East Asia in Early Miocene

    The archipelago consists of 6,852 islands, of which 430 are inhabited. The six main islands, from north to south, are Sakhalin, Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku, Kyushu, and Okinawa. Honshu is the largest and referred to as the Japanese mainland.

  6. Japan - Wikipedia › wiki › Japan

    Japan (Japanese: 日本, Nippon [ɲippoꜜɴ] or Nihon ()) is an island country in East Asia, located in the northwest Pacific Ocean.It is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, and extends from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north toward the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south.

  7. Senkaku Islands - Wikipedia › wiki › Senkaku_Islands
    • History
    • Geography
    • Wildlife
    • Sovereignty Dispute
    • in Popular Culture
    • See Also
    • External Links

    Early history

    Chinese records of these islands date back to as early as the 15th century when they were referred as Diaoyu in books such as Voyage with a Tail Wind (Chinese: 順風相送; pinyin: Shùnfēng Xiāngsòng) (1403) and Record of the Imperial Envoy's Visit to Ryūkyū (Chinese: 使琉球錄; pinyin: Shĭ Liúqiú Lù) (1534). Adopted by the Chinese Imperial Map of the Ming Dynasty, the Chinese name for the island group (Diaoyu) and the Japanese name for the main island (Uotsuri) both mean "fishing". Historically, the Chi...

    Control of the islands by Japan and the US

    As the uninhabited islets were historically used as maritime navigational markers, they were never subjected to administrative control other than the recording of the geographical positions on maps, descriptions in official records of Chinese missions to the Ryukyu Kingdom, etc. The Japanese central government annexed the islands in early 1895 while still fighting China in the First Sino-Japanese War. Around 1900, Japanese entrepreneur Koga Tatsushirō(古賀 辰四郎) constructed a bonito fish process...

    The island group are known to consist of five uninhabited islets and three barren rocks.China has identified and named as many as 71 islets that belong to this group after the Japanese Cabinet released names of 39 uninhabited islands. These minor features in the East China Sea are located approximately 120 nautical miles northeast of Taiwan, 200 nautical miles east of the Chinese mainland and 200 nautical miles southwest of the Japanese island of Okinawa. According to one visitor, Uotsuri-shima, the largest of the islands, consists of a pair of rocky gray mountains with steep, boulder-strewn slopes rising almost straight from the water's edge. Other, nearby islands were described as large rocks covered by low vegetation. In ascending order of distances, the island cluster is located: 1. 140 km (76 nmi; 87 mi) east of Pengjia Islet, Republic of China 2. 170 km (92 nmi; 110 mi) north of Ishigaki Island, Japan 3. 186 km (100 nmi; 116 mi) northeast of Keelung, Republic of China 4. 410 k...


    Permission for collecting herbs on three of the islands was recorded in an Imperial Chinese edict of 1893. Several floral surveys have been conducted on the Senkaku islands, with a 1980 survey finding that Uotsuri had 339 species of plants. Flora found on Uotsuri includes: Podocarpus macrophyllus, Ficus benjamina, Livistona chinensis, Arenga engleri, Pouteria obovata, Scaevola taccada, Heliotropium foertherianum, Lotus australis, Thuarea involuta, Liparis formosana, Pemphis acidula, Houstonia...


    In an account by Hisashi Kuroiwa[ja] in 1900, it was noted the large number of birds present on the islands, tens of thousands of short-tailed and black-footed albatross would flock on Uotsuri-shima, in the colder months, while hundreds of thousands of sooty tern and brown noddy would descend on Kitakojima and Minamikojima in the warmer months. He also described the air of Uotsuri as swarming with bluebottle flies and mosquitoes. In the same year, an account by Miyajima Mikinosuke[ja], survey...

    Territorial sovereignty over the islands and the maritime boundariesaround them are disputed between the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China , and Japan. The People's Republic and Republic of China claim that the islands have been a part of Chinese territory since at least 1534. China acknowledge that Japan took control of the islands in 1894–1895 during the first Sino-Japanese War, through the signature of the Treaty of Shimonoseki. China assert that the Potsdam Declaration required that Japan relinquish control of all islands except for "the islands of Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū, Shikoku and such minor islands as we determine", and China state that this means control of the islands should pass to Republic of China, which was part of China at the time of the first Sino-Japanese War as well as of the San Francisco Peace Treaty. Both the People's Republic of China (PRC) and the Republic of China (ROC)respectively separately claim sovereignty based on arguments that includ...

    Diaoyu Islands: The Truth is a documentary film produced by Chris D. Nebe and J.J. Osbun of Monarex Hollywood Corporation and directed by Chris D. Nebe. Nebe calls on the Japanese Government to cede the islands to China, asserting that Japan has no justifiable claim to the islands, and that the United States of America has turned a blind eye in Japan's favor due to the need of the United States to have a strong ally between it and China. Reception of the film was positive in Chinese media. A 2015 Global Times article reports that Nebe is "regarded by many as a 'Chinese propagandist'" an assertion also made in 2014 on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Correspondents Report.[citation needed] In 2018 the National Museum of Territory and Sovereignty (currently located in the Toranomon Mitsui Building, Chiyoda, Tokyo) was established by the Japanese government to raise public awareness of Japanese territorial rights issues concerning the Senkaku Islands, as well as issues concern...

    Cabinet Secretariat (Japan), Japan's Response Respecting Law and Order in the International Community / The Senkaku Islands
    Cabinet Secretariat (Japan), Senkaku Islands Research and Commentary Site
    Google Maps: Senkaku Islands
    "Q&A China Japan island row", BBC NewsAsia-Pacific. September 24, 2010.
  8. Japan - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia › wiki › Japan
    • History of Japan
    • Geography
    • Politics and Government
    • Science and Technology
    • Society and Culture
    • Cities
    • Public Transportation
    • Sports
    • Related Pages

    The first people in Japan were the Ainu people and other Jōmon people. They were closer related to Europeans or Arabs. They were later conquered and replaced by the Yayoi people (early Japanese and Ryukyuans). The Yayoi were an ancient ethnic group that migrated to the Japanese archipelago mainly from southeastern China during the Yayoi period (300 BCE–300 CE). Modern Japanese people have primarily Yayoi ancestry at an average of 97%. The indigenous Ryukyuan and Ainupeoples have more Jōmon ancestry on the other hand. The earliest records on Japan are from Chinesedocuments. One of those records said there were many small countries (in Japan) which had wars between them and later a country, ruled by a queen, became the strongest, unified others, and brought peace. The Japanese began to write their own history after the 5th and 6th centuries, when people from Korea and China taught Japan about the Chinese writing system. Japan's neighbours also taught them Buddhism. The Japanese change...

    Japan is a group of islands in the Western Pacific, off the coast of China. The four biggest islands are Honshu, Hokkaido, Shikoku, and Kyushu, and there are about 6,000 smaller islands there. Japan is separated from the Asian continent by the Sea of Japan and the East China Sea. Honshu, which means 'Mainland' in the Japanese language, is the biggest island. Hokkaido is the island north of Honshu. Kyushu is the island west of Honshu. Shikoku is the island to the south-west of Honshu. In the middle of Japan there are mountains. They cover the middle of the islands and leave a very narrow strip of flat land on most coasts. Many of the mountains are extinct volcanoes, but some are still active. The highest of these mountains is the beautiful, volcano-shaped Mt Fuji (3,776 metres or 12,389 feet high). Japan has many earthquakes, in fact there are about 1500 of these every year.The biggest earthquake recorded in Japan was in 2011 - called '2011 Tohoku Earthquake'. It caused great damage...

    The ruling party is the Liberal Democratic Party (Japan) and the prime minister is Yoshihide Suga. The legislature of Japan is called the National Diet.

    In the past, the Japanese learned science by way of China or from Europe in the Meiji Era. However, in recent decades Japan has been a leading innovator in several fields, including chemical engineering, nanotechnology, and robotics. There are many technological companies in Japan, and these companies make products for export. The robot Asimo was made and introduced in 2000. It was manufactured by Honda.

    Many things in Japanese culture originated in China, like Go and bonsai. Japan's traditional food is seafood, rice, miso soup, and vegetables. Noodles and tofu are also common. Sushi, a Japanese food made of cooked rice with vinegarwith other ingredients such as raw fish, is popular around the world. The religion in Japan is mostly Shinto and Buddhist. Due to the tolerant nature of the two main Japanese religions, and the resulting intermixing of the two, many Japanese identify as both Shinto and Buddhist at the same time. There are small numbers of Christians and Muslims, and a few Jews. When it comes to popular culture, Japan is famous for making video games. Many of the biggest companies that make games, like Nintendo, Namco, and Sega, are Japanese. Other well-known parts of Japanese arts are comics, called manga, and digital animation, or anime. Many people get to know Japanese or how life in Japan is like by reading manga or watching anime on television. The Ryukyuans and the A...

    The biggest cities in Japan are: 1. Tokyo(Capital City) 2. Yokohama 3. Nagoya 4. Osaka 5. Kyoto 6. Kobe 7. Hiroshima 8. Fukuoka 9. Kitakyushu 10. Sendai 11. Sapporo 12. Nagasaki In Japan there are seven traditional regions: 1. Hokkaido 2. Tohoku 3. Kanto 4. Chubu 5. Kansai 6. Chugoku 7. Shikoku 8. Kyushu

    There are several important international airports in Japan. Narita is the major international airport in the Tokyo area. Kansai International Airport serves as the main airport for Osaka, Kobe, and Kyoto. Chūbu Centrair International Airport near Nagoya is the newest of the three. Haneda Airportis close to central Tokyo and is the largest domestic airport in the country. The Shinkansenis one of the fastest trains in the world and connects cities in Honshu and Kyushu. Networks of public and private railways are almost all over the country. People mostly travel between cities in buses.

    Japan has many traditional sports such as sumo, judo, karate, kyudo, aikido, iaido and kendo. Also, there are sports which were imported from the West such as baseball, soccer, rugby, golf and skiing. Japan has taken part in the Olympic Gamessince 1912. It hosted the Olympic Games in 1964, 1972 and 1998. From 1912 until now, Japanese sportspeople have won 398 medals in total. Professional sports are also popular and many sports such as baseball (see Pacific League and Central League), soccer (see List of Japanese football teams), sumo, American football, basketball and volleyball, are played professionally.

  9. Kuril Islands dispute - Wikipedia › wiki › Kuril_Islands_dispute
    • Background
    • Modern Dispute
    • Current Views
    • Challenges
    • See Also
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    The first Russo-Japanese agreement to deal with the status of Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands was the 1855 Treaty of Shimoda, which first established official relations between Russia and Japan. Article 2 of the Treaty of Shimoda, which provided for an agreement on borders, states "Henceforth the borders between Russia and Japan will pass between the islands Iturup (Etorofu) and Urup (Uruppu). The whole island of Iturup belongs to Japan and the whole island Urup and the other Kuril Islands to the north constitute possessions of Russia". The islands of Kunashiri, Shikotan and the Habomai Islands, that all lie to the south of Iturup, are not explicitly mentioned in the treaty and were understood at the time to be a non-disputed part of Japan. The treaty also specified that the island of Sakhalin/Karafuto was not to be partitioned but was to remain under a joint Russo-Japanese condominium. In the 1875 Treaty of Saint PetersburgRussia and Japan agreed that Japan would give up all rights...

    World War II agreements

    The modern Kuril Islands dispute arose in the aftermath of World War II and results from the ambiguities in and disagreements about the meaning of the Yalta agreement (February 1945), the Potsdam Declaration (July 1945) and the Treaty of San Francisco(September 1951). The Yalta Agreement, signed by the US, Great Britain and the Soviet Union, stated: Japan and the US claimed that the Yalta agreement did not apply to the Northern Territories because they were not a part of the Kuril Islands, al...

    San Francisco Treaty

    A substantial dispute regarding the status of the Kuril Islands arose between the U.S. and the Soviet Union during the preparation of the Treaty of San Francisco in 1951. The Treaty was supposed to be a permanent peace treaty between Japan and the Allied Powers of World War II. By that time, the Cold War had already taken hold, and the position of the U.S. in relation to the Yalta and Potsdam agreements had changed considerably. The U.S. had come to maintain that the Potsdam Declaration shoul...

    1956 Soviet–Japanese Joint Declaration

    During the 1956 peace talks between Japan and the Soviet Union, the Soviet side proposed to settle the dispute by returning Shikotan and Habomai to Japan. In the final round of the talks, the Japanese side accepted the weakness of its claim to Iturup and Kunashiri and agreed to settle on the return of Shikotan and the Habomai Islands, in exchange for a peace treaty. However, the U.S. government intervened and blocked the deal. The U.S. warned Japan that a withdrawal of the Japanese claim on t...

    On 17 July 2018 former Japanese residents began a tour to visit family graves on the Smaller Kuril Archipelago group of islets. Such visits to family graves have been allowed for humanitarian reasons since 1964. The processing had previously been limited to Kunashiri Island. But an agreement at the 2016 Japan-Russia summit made it possible to process the requests in the sea off Smaller Kuril Archipelago, closer to the destination. A new procedure to process entry requests to the four Russian-held islands is expected to reduce travel time from five hours to about three hours.

    Interests of both parties

    The meeting between the leaders of two countries that took place on 5 May 2016 in Moscow was expected to make progress in the resolution of a prolonged territorial disputes. However, Japanese prime minister Shinzo Abe and Russian president Vladimir Putin focused on the "current state and the prospects of development of bilateral cooperation in trade and economy as well as in the humanitarian field". Close to the end of May, Sergey Shoygu, the Russian Defence Minister, announced that Russia is...

    Hasegawa, Tsuyoshi. Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan. Harvard University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-674-01693-9.
    Stephan, John J. The Kuril Islands Russo-Japanese Frontier in the Pacific. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1974. ISBN 0-19-821563-0
    Kimie Hara, 50 Years from San Francisco: Re-Examining the Peace Treaty and Japan's Territorial Problems. Pacific Affairs, Vol. 74, No. 3 (Autumn, 2001), pp. 361–382. Available online at J-STOR.
    Seokwoo Lee, Towards a framework for the resolution of the territorial dispute over the Kurile Islands, Boundary and territory briefing, v. 3, no. 6, University of Durham, 2001; ISBN 1-897643-44-6
    The convoluted case of the coveted Kurils analysis by Kosuke Takahashi(November 25, 2004)
    Northern Territories dispute highlights flawed diplomacy by Gregory Clark, Japan Times (March 24, 2005)
  10. Japanese occupation of the Gilbert Islands - Wikipedia › wiki › Japanese_occupation_of_the
    • Overview
    • Preparations
    • Northern Gilbert Islands
    • Ocean Island
    • Japanese Commanders

    The Japanese occupation of the Gilbert Islands was the period in the history of Kiribati between 1941 and 1945 when Imperial Japanese forces occupied the Gilbert Islands during World War II, in the Pacific War theatre. From 1941 to 1943, Imperial Japanese Navy forces occupied the islands, and from 1942 until 1945 Ocean Island which was home to the headquarters of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands colony.

    On 29 November 1941, Operation Gi was decided within the Japanese 4th Fleet and departed from Truk, headquarters of the South Seas Mandate. The flagship was the minelayer Okinoshima, and the operation included the minelayers Tsugaru and Tenyo Maru and cruiser Tokiwa, Nagata Maru, escorted by Asanagi and Yūnagi of the Destroyer Division 29/Section 1. The Chitose Naval Air Group provided air cover. On 2 December 1941, Okinoshima received the signal "Climb Mt. Niitaka 1208", signifying that ...

    The Japanese occupation of the Northern Gilbert Islands can be divided into three periods: 1. from 10 December 1941 to 16 August 1942, 71 armed personnel of the Imperial Japanese Navy garrisoned the seaplane base on Butaritari up to the time of the raid by the Marines on 17–18 August 1942; 2. from 20 August 1942 to March 1943, with a gradual increase of the expansion towards the south, including Tarawa and Abemama, and also Nauru outside of the Gilberts, to become fortified places with ...

    On July 1941, Australia and New Zealand evacuated dependents of British Phosphate Commission employees from Ocean Island. On 8 December 1941, a Japanese flying boat Kawanishi H6K dropped six bombs on the Government Headquarters on Ocean Island. On February 1942, the Free French destroyer Le Triomphant evacuated the remaining Europeans and Chinese from Ocean Island. Japanese forces occupied the island from 26 August 1942. All but about 143-160 Banabans were deported to Nauru, Tarawa, Truk or Kosr

    Because of the distance between Kwajalein and Tarawa, on 15 February 1943, the Gilbert Islands, Ocean Island and Nauru were removed from the 6th Base Force in Kwajalein and replaced under a new 3rd Special Base Force with headquarters in Betio, with Admiral Tomonari replacing Matsuo. Because of the loss of his command, Matsuo made seppuku on 2 May 1943.

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