The Kingdom of England (Anglo-Norman: Realme d'Engleterre, Old French: Reaume d'Angleterre, Old English: Engla rīċe) was a sovereign state on the island of Great Britain from 927, when it emerged from various Anglo-Saxon kingdoms until 1707, when it united with Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
England, predominant constituent unit of the United Kingdom, occupying more than half of the island of Great Britain.
The Kingdom of England was, from 927 to 1707, a sovereign state to the northwest of continental Europe.At its height, the Kingdom of England spanned the southern two-thirds of the island of Great Britain (including both modern-day England and Wales) and several smaller outlying islands; what today comprises the legal jurisdiction of England and Wales.
- Norman Conquest
- Tudors and Stuarts
- Commonwealth and Protectorate
- Union with Scotland
- See Also
The Kingdom of England has no specific founding date. The Kingdom originated in the kingdoms of the ancestral English, the Anglo-Saxons, which were carved out of the former Roman province of Britannia. The minor kingdoms in time coalesced into the seven famous kingdoms known as the Heptarchy: East Anglia, Mercia, Northumbria, Kent, Essex, Sussex and Wessex. The Vikinginvasions shattered the pattern of the English kingdoms. The English lands were finally unified in the 10th century in a reconquest completed by King Athelstan in AD 927. The Anglo-Saxons knew themselves as the Angelcynn, Englisc or Engle. These names were originally names from the Engla, or Angles, but came to be used by Saxons, Jutes and Frisii alike. They called their lands Engla land, meaing "Land of the Angles" (and when unified also Engla rice; "the Kingdom of the English"). In time Englaland became England. During the Heptarchy, the most powerful King among the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms might become acknowledged as Br...
The peace lasted only until the death of the childless Edward in January 1066. King Edward's brother-in-law was crowned King Harold; but Edward's cousin William the Bastard, later William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy, immediately claimed the throne for himself. William launched an invasion of England and landed in Sussex on 28 September 1066. Harold and his army were in York following their victory against the Norwegians at the Battle of Stamford Bridge (25 September 1066) when the news reached him. He decided to set out without delay and confront the Norman army in Sussex so marched southwards at once, despite the army not being properly rested following the battle with the Norwegians. The armies of Harold and William faced each other at the Battle of Hastings (14 October 1066), in which the English army, or Fyrd, was defeated, King Harold and his two brothers were slain, and William emerged as victor. William was then able to conquer England with little further opposition. He w...
Wales had retained a separate legal and administrative system, which had been established by Edward I in the late 13th century. Under the Tudor monarchy, which was of Welsh origin, Henry VIII of England—a son of Henry VII—replaced the laws of Wales with those of England (under the Laws in Wales Acts 1535–1542). Wales now ceased to be a personal fiefdom divided between the Prince of Wales and Earl of March, and was instead annexed to the Kingdom of England, and henceforth was represented in the Parliament of England. During the 1530s, Henry VIII overthrew the power of the Roman Catholic Church within the kingdom, replacing the Pope as head of the English church, and seizing the church's lands, thereby beginning the creation of a new Protestant religion. This had the effect of aligning England with Scotland, which also gradually adopted a Protestant religion, whereas the most important continental powers, France and Spain, remained Roman Catholic. In 1541, during Henry VIII's reign, t...
England was a monarchy for the entirety of its political existence, from its creation around 927 AD up until the 1707 Acts of Union, except for the eleven years of the English Interregnum (1649 to 1660) which followed the English Civil War. The rule of the executed King Charles I was replaced by that of a republic known as the Commonwealth of England (1649–1653). The most prominent General of the republic's New Model Army, Oliver Cromwell, managed to extend its rule to Ireland and Scotland. The victorious Cromwell eventually turned against the republic, and established a new form of government known as The Protectorate, with himself as Lord Protector until his death on 3 September 1658. He was succeeded by his son Richard Cromwell. However, anarchy eventually developed, as Richard proved unable to maintain his rule. He resigned his title and retired into obscurity. The Commonwealth was then re-established, but proved to be unstable, so the exiled claimant, Charles II, was recalled t...
In the Scottish case, the attractions were partly financial and partly to do with removing English trade sanctions put in place through the Alien Act 1705. The English were more anxious about the Royal succession. The death of King William III in 1702 had led to the succession of Queen Anne to the crowns of England and Scotland, but her only surviving child had died in 1700, and the English Act of Settlement 1701 had given the Succession to the English crown to the Protestant House of Hanover. Securing the same succession in Scotland became the primary object of English strategic thinking towards Scotland. By 1704, the Union of the Crowns was in crisis, with the Scottish Act of Security allowing for the Scottish Parliament to choose a different monarch, which could in turn lead to an independent foreign policy during a major European war. The English establishment did not wish to risk a Stuarton the Scottish throne, nor the possibility of a Scottish military alliance with another po...
TheKingdom of Englandis a very famous Kingdom in Europe, which is ruled byCharles II of England. The Royal Family are the Stuarts. 1 Dynastanies and Kings 1.1 House of Tudor (1485 – 1603) 1.2 House of Stuart (1603 – 1649) 1.3 Commonwealth of England (1653 – 1659) 1.4 House of Stuart ...
Battle of Bosworth Field, Richard III of England, Year 1485, Henry VII of England, Wars of the Roses, August 22, 1480s, History of England, Civil Wars, 15th Century, Battles, Kingdom of England, History of United Kingdom, Wars, Middle Ages, Wars and Terrorism, Europe, Earth, Solar System, Milky Way
The official government of the country of England. Each English County is governed by a County Council. These Councils are elected by the people every sixty days. Council members from each County also act as members of the English Parliament. Up until December 28, 1458, the King of England had been the Administrator LJS acting in his role as LongJohnSilver. With the introduction of the Elected ...
- 11 June 2005
- Devon, Sussex, Mercia, and Westmorland
2 days ago · The Government of the United Kingdom has clearly shown over the past 75 years (at least) that it is fully able to ruin things for the British peoples without having the EUSSR telling them what to do. And of course, the United Kingdom will always be under Globalist control, no matter whether or not it is a member of the EUSSR.
The new kingdom of England became more organised, and its government more powerful, during the reign of Edgar (959–975), or Edgar the Peaceful, as he became known. Edgar came to the throne when he was a teenager, but he was advised by older churchmen who were inspired by reforms in the Carolingian Empire.
- Aditya Chakravarty
- Kent. Settled by the Jutes, one of the three tribes that colonised England in the 5th century (the other two being the Angles and the Saxons), the legendary founders of Kent were the brothers Hengest and Horsa.
- Essex. Home of the East Saxons, the royal house of Essex claimed descent from the old tribal god of the Saxons, Seaxnet. They seem to have had a fondness of the letter “S”.
- Sussex. Legend attributes the founding of the kingdom to Ælle, a brave invader who fought with his sons against the Romano-British and viciously sacked a Roman fort.
- Northumbria. Dominating the North, during its height Northumbria stretched from the Humber and Mersey rivers in the South, to the Firth of Forth in Scotland.