Kingman Reef / ˈkɪŋmən / is a largely submerged, uninhabited, triangle-shaped reef, 9.0 nmi (20 km) east-west and 4.5 nmi (8 km) north-south,  in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly halfway between the Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa.   It has an area of 3 hectares (0.03 km 2; 7.4 acres) and is one of the unincorporated ...
- 0.03 km² (0.012 sq mi), (Land area – not including the lagoon)
- 17 km (10.6 mi)
- 8 km (5 mi)
Kingman Reef lies 382 nautical miles north of the equator. It is about 33 miles northwest of Palmyra Island and 925 miles south by west of Honolulu. It is a triangular, atoll-like reef and shoal about 9 ½ miles east and west by 5 miles north and south, of which all but the eastern end is now submerged.
Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge (808) 792-9550 C/O Pacific Reefs National Wildlife Refuge Complex 300 Ala Moana Bouldvard, Room 5-211 Honolulu, HI 96850 View Details REPORT VIOLATIONS Law enforcement issues should be referred to the deputy refuge manager or refuge manager.
Kingman Reef, coral reef, unincorporated territory of the United States in the Northern Line Islands, west-central Pacific Ocean. The reef is located about 920 miles (1,480 km) southwest of Honolulu. It is a barren atoll with a deep lagoon (5 by 9.5 miles [8 by 15 km] and has a land area of 0.01 square mile (0.03 square km).
- Current Political Status
- Wildlife Refuge
American explorer and captain Edmund Fanning discovered Kingman Reef in June 1798, but the island was not described until November 1853 by Captain W. E. Kingman. In 1860, the United States Guano Company claimed the reef under the 1856 Guano Islands Act which allows unclaimed islands with guano deposits to be claimed by the United States. On May 10,...
By definition, an unincorporated territory of the US is under the governorship of the US, although it is not located within the borders of the country. The reef is controlled by the US Department of Interior, from Washington, D.C.Additionally, the reef, which has no natural resources, is closed to the public. Kingman Reef previously had other names...
Kingman Reef supports a wide variety of marine life in an ecosystem that is described as predator-based. Sharksaccount for about 74% of the top predator biomass, which is significantly higher than the proportion of sharks at the closest island, Palmyra Atoll (57%). In general, predators make up a whopping 85% of the total fish biomass around the re...
On September 1, 2000, the US Navy relinquished control of the reef to the US Fish and Wildlife Service. A year later, Kingman Reef National Wildlife Refuge was created under Secretary's Order 3223. Together with six other islands, Kingman Reef became governed under the Pacific Remote Islands National Wildlife Refuge Complex. In January 2009, the st...
- Ferdinand Bada
Kingman Reef was officially discovered in 1798, and was annexed to the United States in 1922.The reef’s sheltered inner lagoon was used by Pan American flying boats as an overnight stopover during the 1930s; a supply ship was stationed there to provide food, water, and lodging to the passengers and crew, as well as fuel for the big flying boats.
Jun 07, 2013 · Kingman Reef is a 30-mile triangle of coral reefs that is a part of Line Island group. A lagoon formed by the reefs covers an area that is roughly the size of Manhattan Island. Lying near the Equator, about 1,000 miles south of the Hawaiian Islands, Kingman Reef is situated far from any heavy human activity. And, it is virtually pristine.