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      • Knee injuries involve trauma to one or more tissues that make up the knee joint: ligaments, tendons, cartilage, bones and muscles. These types of injuries may happen due to a fall, forceful twisting of the knee or high impact from a motor vehicle accident or another force. Common knee injuries include fractures, dislocations, tears and sprains.
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    • Fractures. Any of the bones in or around the knee can be fractured. The most commonly broken bone in the joint is the patella or kneecap. High impact trauma, such as a fall or car accident, causes most knee fractures.
    • Anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Share on Pinterest. ACL injuries can range from grade 1 to 3 in severity. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) runs diagonally down the front of the knee, providing critical stability to the joint.
    • Dislocation. Dislocating the knee happens when the bones of the knee are out of their proper placement and alignment. In a knee dislocation, one or more of the bones may slip out of place.
    • Meniscal tears. When people refer to torn cartilage in the knee, they are probably talking about a meniscal tear. The menisci are two rubbery wedges of cartilage between the thighbone and shinbone.
    • Bones. Three bones meet to form your knee joint: the femur (thighbone), the tibia (shinbone), and the patella (kneecap). The patella sits in front of the joint to provide some protection.
    • Articular cartilage. The ends of the femur and tibia, and the back of the patella are covered with articular cartilage. This slippery substance helps your knee bones glide smoothly across each other as you bend or straighten your leg.
    • Meniscus. Two wedge-shaped pieces of meniscal cartilage act as shock absorbers between your femur and tibia. Different from articular cartilage, the meniscus is tough and rubbery to help cushion and stabilize the joint.
    • Ligaments. Bones are connected to other bones by ligaments. The four main ligaments in your knee act like strong ropes to hold the bones together and keep your knee stable.
  2. Aug 25, 2016 · The cartilage in the knee gradually wears away, causing pain and swelling. Injuries to ligaments and tendons also cause knee problems. A common injury is to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). You usually injure your ACL by a sudden twisting motion. ACL and other knee injuries are common sports injuries.

  3. Feb 22, 2023 · Common knee injuries include fractures, dislocations, tears and sprains. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears and meniscus tears are some of the most common sports injuries affecting the knee. Patella (kneecap) fractures are less common in sports but may result from a high-impact trauma.

    • Osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a common cause of inner knee pain, particularly in older adults. It is a chronic...
    • Medial Collateral Ligament Injury. The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four primary ligaments in the...
    • Medial Meniscus Tear. The meniscus is a C-shaped piece of cartilage that acts as a cushion...
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