There were 8,372 hospitals in Japan in October 2018. The largest number of hospitals were in Tokyo with 650 hospitals.
The newly determined route was via Kofu (through the 4,657 m Sasago tunnel, which was the longest in Japan until the Shimizu Tunnel opened in 1931), Shiojiri and then via the Kiso River valley to Nagoya. Construction was undertaken from both ends, with sections opening sequentially from 1900 until the lines were connected in 1911.
A vasúti közlekedésben több tucat vállalat versenyez egymással. A legnagyobbak a 7 Japan Railways (JR) társaság, a Kintetsu Corporation, a Seibu Railway és a Keio Corporation. A vasúti vállalatok gyakran foglalkoznak ingatlanokkal is, a legtöbb fontosabb vasútállomásuk mellett bevásárlóközpontokat is üzemeltetnek.