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  1. Leonese ( Leonese: Llionés, Asturian: Lleonés) is a set of vernacular Romance language varieties currently spoken in northern and western portions of the historical region of León in Spain (the modern provinces of León, Zamora, and Salamanca) and a few adjoining areas in Portugal. In this narrow sense, Leonese is distinct from the dialects ...

    • 20,000–50,000 (2008)
    • Spain, Portugal
  2. Irish Singles Chart. The Irish Singles Chart ( Irish: Cairt Singil na hÉireann) is the Republic of Ireland 's music industry standard singles popularity chart issued weekly by the Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA) and compiled on their behalf by The Official Charts Company. Chart rankings are based on sales, which are compiled through ...

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    Menéndez Pidal used "Leonese" for the en­tire lin­guis­tic area, in­clud­ing As­turias. This des­ig­na­tion has been re­placed by Ibero-Ro­mance schol­ars with "As­turian-Leonese", but "Leonese" is still often used to de­note As­turian-Leonese by non-speak­ers of As­turian or Mirandese.


    In Leonese, any of five vowel phonemes, /a, e, i, o, u/, may occur in stressed po­si­tion and the two archiphonemes /I/, /U/ and the phoneme /a/ may occur in un­stressed position.[full citation needed]


    Leonese has two gen­ders (mas­cu­line and fem­i­nine) and two num­bers (sin­gu­lar and plural). The main mas­cu­line noun and ad­jec­tive end­ings are -u for sin­gu­lar and -os for plural. Typ­i­cal fem­i­nine end­ings are -a for sin­gu­lar and -as for plural. Mas­cu­line and fem­i­nine nouns end­ing in -e in the sin­gu­lar take -esfor the plural.


    The na­tive lan­guages of Leon, Zamora, As­turias, and the Terra de Mi­randa in Por­tu­gal are the re­sult of the evo­lu­tion of Latin in­tro­duced by Roman con­querors in the re­gion. Their col­o­niza­tion and or­ga­ni­za­tion led to the Con­ven­tus As­tu­ru­rum, with its cap­i­tal at As­turica Au­gusta (pre­sent-day As­torga, Spain, the cen­tre of Ro­man­iza­tionfor the in­dige­nous tribes). The city of As­torga was sacked by the Visig­oths in the 5th cen­tury, and never re­gained its for­m...

    Use and distribution

    Al­though the As­tur-Leonese lin­guis­tic do­main cov­ers most of the prin­ci­pal­ity of As­turias, the north and west of the province of Leon, the north­east of Zamora, both provinces in Castile and León, and the re­gion of Mi­randa do Douro in the east of the Por­tuguese dis­trict of Bra­gança, this ar­ti­cle fo­cuses on the au­tonomous com­mu­nity of Castile and León.Julio Bor­rego Nieto, in Man­ual de di­alec­tología española. El español de España (1996), wrote that the area in where Leon...

    Leonese lit­er­a­ture in­cludes: 1. Benigno Suárez Ramos, El tío perruca, 1976. ISBN 978-84-400-1451-1. 2. Cayetano Álvarez Bardón, Cuentos en dialecto leonés, 1981. ISBN 978-84-391-4102-0. 3. Xuan Bello, Nel cuartu mariellu, 1982. ISBN 978-84-300-6521-9. 4. Miguel Rojo, Telva ya los osos, 1994. ISBN 978-84-8053-040-8. 5. Manuel García Menéndez, Corcuspin el Rozcayeiru, 1984. ISBN 978-84-600-3676-0. 6. Manuel García Menéndez, Delina nel valle'l Faloupu, 1985. ISBN 978-84-600-4133-7. 7. Eva González Fernández, Poesía completa : 1980-1991, 1991. ISBN 978-84-86936-58-7. 8. VV.AA., Cuentos de Lleón - Antoloxía d'escritores lleoneses de güei, 1996. ISBN 84-87562-12-4. 9. Roberto González-Quevedo, L.lume de l.luz, 2002. ISBN 978-84-8168-323-3. 10. Roberto González-Quevedo, Pol sendeiru la nueite, 2002. ISBN 978-84-95640-37-6. 11. Roberto González-Quevedo, Pan d'amore : antoloxía poética 1980-2003, 2004. ISBN 978-84-95640-95-6. 12. Roberto González-Quevedo, El Sil que baxaba de la nieve, 2...

    García Gil, Hector. 2008. Asturian-Leonese: linguistic, sociolinguistic, and legal aspects. Mercator legislation. Working Paper 25. Barcelona: CIEMEN.
    González Riaño, Xosé Antón; García Arias, Xosé Lluis: "II Estudiu Sociollingüísticu de Lleón: Identidá, conciencia d'usu y actitúes llingüístiques de la población lleonesa". Academia de la Llingua...
    López-Morales, H.: "Elementos leoneses en la lengua del teatro pastoril de los siglos XV y XVI". Actas del II Congreso Internacional de Hispanistas. Instituto Español de la Universidad de Nimega. H...
    Galmés de Fuentes, Álvaro; Catalán, Diego (1960). Trabajos sobre el dominio románico leonés. Editorial Gredos. ISBN 978-84-249-3436-1.
    Gessner, Emil. «Das Altleonesische: Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis des Altspanischen».
    Hanssen, Friedrich Ludwig Christian (1896). Estudios sobre la conjugación Leonesa. Impr. Cervantes.
    Hanssen, Friedrich Ludwig Christian (1910). «Los infinitivos leoneses del Poema de Alexandre». Bulletin Hispanique (12).
  4. › wiki › LeoneseLeonese - Wikipedia

    Leonese may refer to: Leonese people. Leonese language. Leonese Region. Leonese cuisine. Topics referred to by the same term. This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Leonese. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to change the link to point directly to the intended article.

  5. Irish ( Gaeilge in Standard Irish ), sometimes controversially referred to as Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, which is a part of the Indo-European language family. Irish originated on the island of Ireland and was the population's first language until the late 18th century.

  6. The Leonese (Leonese: Llïoneses; Spanish: Leoneses) are a Romance people and subgroup of Spaniards, native to León in Spain.. The Leonese Kingdom was an independent kingdom in the Middle Ages until 1230 when it was joined to the Kingdom of Castile (from 1296 to 1301 the Kingdom of León was again independent); after the re-union with Castile in 1301 it remained a kingdom until 1833, but as ...

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