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  1. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Lingua Franca Nova (/ ˌlɪŋɡwə ˈfræŋkə ˈnoʊvə /, Italian: [ˈliŋɡwa franka ˈnova]; abbreviated as LFN, renamed elefen by its users) is an auxiliary constructed language originally created by C. George Boeree of Shippensburg University, Pennsylvania, and further developed by many of its users.

    Lingua Franca Nova - Wikipedia
  2. People also ask

    What are the typical features of a lingua franca?

    Is English the ideal lingua franca?

    Should English be the world's lingua franca?

    Is English considered a trade language/lingua franca?

  3. Lingua franca - Wikipedia

    A lingua franca is any language used for communication between people who do not share a native language. It can be a mixed language such as a pidgin or creole used for communication between language groups. It can be native to one nation (often a colonial power) but used as a second language for communication in a colony or former colony.

    • Characteristics

      A lingua franca is any language used for communication...

    • Etymology

      The term lingua franca derives from Mediterranean Lingua...

    • Usage notes

      The term is well established in its naturalization to...

    • Examples

      The use of lingua francas has existed since antiquity. Latin...

    • List of Lingua Francas

      This is a list of lingua francas.A lingua franca is a...

    • World Language

      Overview Asian languages Arabic. Arabic gained international...

  4. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia A lingua franca (originally Italian for "Frankish language" - see etymology below) is a language that is used between persons who have not the same mother tongue. The terms working language, bridge language and vehicular language are used in the same sense.

  5. Lingua Franca (magazine) - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Founding
    • Contents and contributors
    • Editors
    • Sokal Affair
    • Final issue

    Lingua Franca was an American magazine about intellectual and literary life in academia.

    The magazine was founded in 1990 by Jeffrey Kittay, an editor and professor of French literature at Yale University. Kittay, as the New York Times reported, "saw a niche for vivid reporting about the academic world and especially about its many personal feuds and intellectual controversies." Kittay told the newspaper, "I was an academic who was very, very hungry for information about what made my profession so alive, where people became passionate about abstract ideas." Describing the magazine's

    In a 2002 retrospective article, Andrew Delbanco wrote about the magazine that "It ran stories about everything, from a historians’ quarrel over the efficacy of the 1960s student movement, to a dispute among anthropologists over whether cannibalism ever existed, to the fight between the Harvard biologists E.O. Wilson and Richard Lewontin over the extent to which genes control human behavior, to the question of whether dissertation advisers should sleep with their students." Contributors ...

    Jeffrey Kittay served as the magazine's editor-in-chief. For its first year, the editor was Peter Edidin. From 1991 to 1994, Lingua Franca was co-edited by Judith Shulevitz and Margaret Talbot. In late 1994, Alexander Star became the editor, joined by Emily Eakin. The New York Times critic A.O. Scott served as a senior editor, as did New Yorker features editor Daniel Zalewski. Historian and journalist Rick Perlstein, the author of Nixonland, began his journalism career as an intern there, later

    Lingua Franca was where the Sokal Affair — a parody of academic practices and post-structuralist language — was first revealed; Lingua Franca editors later produced a book of selected papers on the subject, The Sokal Hoax, published by the University of Nebraska Press.

    The magazine halted publication during the 2001 economic downturn, after a financial backer withdrew support. New Yorker editor David Remnick told The New York Times, "That is terrible. I really enjoyed it — I always found something fascinating to read in that magazine, and not infrequently something that I wish we had had for The New Yorker." The company behind the magazine declared bankruptcy in April 2002. Later in 2002, editor Alexander Star assembled an anthology: Quick Studies: The ...

    • United States
    • 1990
    • 2001
    • Jeffrey Kittay
  6. Lingua Franca Nova - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • History
    • Affixes

    Lingua Franca Nova is an auxiliary constructed language originally created by C. George Boeree of Shippensburg University, Pennsylvania, and further developed by many of its users. Its vocabulary is based on the Romance languages French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Catalan. Lingua Franca Nova has phonemic spelling based on 22 letters, and can be written by using either the Latin or Cyrillic scripts. The grammar of Lingua Franca Nova is inspired by the Romance creole languages. As most of c

    Boeree started to design Lingua Franca Nova in 1965, with the goal of creating an international auxiliary language simple, coherent and easy to learn for international communication. He was inspired by the Mediterranean Lingua Franca or "Sabir", a Romance pidgin used by European sailors and merchants as a lingua franca in the Mediterranean Basin from the 11–18th century, and by various creoles such as Papiamento and Haitian Creole. He used French, Italian, Portuguese, Spanish, and Catalan ...

    LFN has a small number of regular affixes that help to create new words.

  7. English as a lingua franca - Wikipedia
    • Overview
    • Globalization and ELF
    • Features of spoken ELF communication
    • "Neutrality" of ELF
    • ELF and the native speaker
    • Attitude and motivation

    English as a lingua franca is the use of the English language "as a global means of inter-community communication" and can be understood as "any use of English among speakers of different first languages for whom English is the communicative medium of choice and often the only option". ELF is "defined functionally by its use in intercultural communication rather than formally by its reference to native-speaker norms" whereas English as a second or foreign language aims at meeting native speaker

    Major technological advances in the 21st century have enabled instant global communication, thus breaking the barriers of space and time between different locations on the planet. The world has turned into an interconnected global system, which requires a shared means of communication. English fulfills the need for a global lingua franca for it has spread to large areas of the world due to colonisation and the widespread teaching of English as a foreign language. Because of the use of English as

    The way English is used as a lingua franca is heavily dependent on the specific situation of use. Generally speaking, ELF interactions concentrate on function rather than form. In other words, communicative efficiency is more important than correctness. As a consequence, ELF interactions are very often hybrid. Speakers accommodate to each other's cultural backgrounds and may also use code-switching into other languages that they know. Based on the Vienna-Oxford International Corpus of English an

    Although some researchers hold that English as a lingua franca is a neutral and culture-free tool, others hold that it carries the culture and language of its speakers. Recent linguistic discussions by ELF experts treat the interactants' cultural and linguistic background as a factor influencing language performance. For Hülmbauer, for instance, “it seems likely that the ELF users develop their own markers of identity.” In this view, ELF is multicultural rather than culture-free.

    ELF is used most often between non-native speakers of English but this fact does not mean that native speakers are excluded from ELF communication. However, very often they form a minority of the interlocutors. In ELF interactions, the importance lies on communication strategies other than nativeness, which can lead to communicative situations where those English native speakers who are not familiar with ELF and/or intercultural communication are at a disadvantage because they do not know how to

    Several attitude studies on the topic of ELF have already been conducted. One overarching factor seems to be a discrepancy between perceptions on the role of ELF in everyday interactions all over the globe on the one hand, and the dominance of as well as reliance on native speaker norms on the other hand. Breiteneder argues that learners of English as a Foreign Language often have an integrative motivation for learning and using English since they wish to identify with the culture and values of

  8. Língua franca – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livreíngua_franca

    Através de sucessivas mudanças ao longo do tempo, a língua franca, junto com o vocabulário português, foi substituída pela língua dos povos em questão. Posteriormente, o francês passou a servir como língua franca e se tornou a língua da diplomacia, na Europa, a partir do século XVII.

  9. Lingua franca – Wikipedia

    Lingua franca (suom. frankkien kieli) tarkoittaa yleiskieltä, jolla on äidinkielisiäkin puhujia, mutta jota myös muunkieliset yleisesti osaavat ja käyttävät keskinäiseen viestintäänsä.

  10. Lingua franca – Wikipedia

    Lingua franca ska inte förväxlas med lingua franca nova, som är ett konstgjort planspråk. Exempel på lingua franca. Bland olika nutida lingua franca i världen kan nämnas engelska, kinesiska, franska, spanska och ryska. Genom historia har det funnits olika lingua franca i olika regioner.

  11. Inglês como língua franca – Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livreês_como_língua_franca

    Inglês como língua franca Origem: Wikipédia, a enciclopédia livre. Inglês como língua franca (ILF) corresponde a qualquer uso da língua inglesa entre falantes de diferentes línguas maternas para quem o inglês é o meio de comunicação escolhido e, frequentemente, a única opção.