The hypothesis of linguistic relativity, also known as the Sapir–Whorf hypothesis / s ə ˌ p ɪər ˈ w ɔːr f /, the Whorf hypothesis, or Whorfianism, is a principle suggesting that the structure of a language affects its speakers' worldview or cognition, and thus people's perceptions are relative to their spoken language.
Linguistic determinism is, for the most part, ignored in favor of linguistic relativity which states that one's language influences one's view of the world but does NOT determine it. This is to say, the worldview of a speech community is influenced by the structure of its language (Language Files, p696).
Linguistics is the scientific study of language. It encompasses the analysis of every aspect of language, as well as the methods for studying and modelling them. The traditional areas of linguistic analysis include phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, and pragmatics.