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  1. What is commonly referred to as linguistic groups may be referring to language families. Language families refer to a group of languages that share a... See full answer below.

  2. Apr 07, 2013 · Psychology Definition of LINGUISTICS: the study of the physical, structural, functional, psychological and social characteristics of the varying human languages. Sign in A

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  4. Apr 07, 2013 · otherwise known as the extremity effect or out-group homogeneity bias, linguistic group bias is the tendency of in-group members to criticize non-members and vice versa. LINGUISTIC INTERGROUP BIAS: "Linguists observing a group speaking a language with a describe precision in the pronunciation typically gives rise to linguistic intergroup bias." Cite this page: N., Pam M.S., "LINGUISTIC INTERGROUP BIAS," in, April 7, 2013, https://psychologydictionary.

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    Coined by Anne Maass and her colleagues, linguistic intergroup bias is a model of stereotype maintenance(Whitley & Kite, 2010). This model states that positive ingroup descriptions and negative outgroup descriptions are abstract and vague, while negative ingroup descriptions and positive outgroup descriptions are specific and observable. Abstract statements are vague and harder to prove wrong, while, concrete statements are specific, and easy to brush off as exceptions to the rule, therefore keeping stereotypes intact (Whitley & Kite, 2010).Linguistic intergroup bias is more likely to occur when outgroup members are performing a group stereotype consistent action. This implies that the linguistic intergroup bias is a cognitive process that requires little motivation (Maass, et al. 1989).

    B. W. Gorhamperformed an experiment in which he presented an actual newscast to white individuals who took a pre-study survey about the amount of time they spent watching cable news TV, network news TV, regular television and news websites such as These subjects were then shown an actual news clip where a murder investigation is presented and the suspect had been described as either a black male or a white male.Interestingly, there were significant differences in responses of participants who saw the white man portrayed as the suspect rather than the black man: Participants said the white suspect “probably hurt the victims”. However, when the black man was presented as the suspect, the participants said the suspect “is probably violent” (Gorham, 2006). Gorham found that participants were more likely to describe the (negative) incident with adjectives, the most abstract description, if the suspect was presented as black and therefore outgroup, while using more concrete terms...

    Gorham, B. W. (2006). News Media's Relationship With Stereotyping: The Linguistic Intergroup Bias in Response to Crime News.Journal of Communication, 56(2), 289-308. Maass, A., Salvi, D., Acuri, L., & Semin, G. R. (1989). Language use in intergroup contexts: The linguistic intergroup bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57, 981-993. Whitley, B. E., & Kite, M. E. (2010). The psychology of prejudice and discrimination. Wadsworth,Cengage Learning.

  5. A language family is a group of languages with related origins that share some traits. Such families may consist of a handful or dozens of languages, and smaller language families may be part of ...

  6. Language is a communication system that involves using words and systematic rules to organize those words to transmit information from one individual to another. While language is a form of communication, not all communication is language. Many species communicate with one another through their postures, movements, odors, or vocalizations.

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