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In the English-language version of European Union legislation, the unit euro, without an s, is used for both singular and plural. However, the plural euros is also in everyday use.  Many style guides such as those from the Associated Press  and The Economist  specify the plural euros , and major dictionaries describe it as the most ...
The article isn't really about linguistic issues with the euro, but simply describes the usage of the word euro in a number of languages. Therefore, I would rename the page to something more descriptive, like "Linguistic usage concerning the euro", or so.
France is the origin of two laws, or decrees, concerning language: the Ordonnance de Villers-Cotterêts (1239), which says that every document in France should be written in French (i.e. not in Latin nor Occitan) and the French Loi Toubon, which aims at eliminating Anglicisms from official documents. But a characteristic feature of Europe is ...
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The euro came into existence on 1 January 1999. The euro's creation had been a goal of the European Union (EU) and its predecessors since the 1960s. The Maastricht Treaty entered into force in 1993 with the goal of creating economic and monetary union by 1999 for all EU states except the UK and Denmark (though Denmark has a policy of a fixed exchange rate with the euro).
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an up-to-date reference work for manyissues in the languages and linguistics of Europe of particular value are the numerous chapters that take up specific issues such as "language and the school", "language and the church", discussing it on a Europe-wide level the "continent-focus" makes this a unique publication, in line with the other continent-focused volumes of the series
Shughni, a Pamir language in the Indo-European family of languages. Nicholas Catasso’s study puts forward the ‘Free Relative Economy Principle ' in the analysis of free relatives in German and English. Nahla Nola Bacha examines teacher corrective feedback on disciplinary L2 writing from student and disciplinary teacher perspectives.
Mar 26, 2010 · (2001). The European Union, its Institutions and its Languages: Some Language Political Observations. Current Issues in Language Planning: Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 311-360.
- Philosophers, Grammarians, and Neogrammarians
- The Structuralist Era
- The Transformational Generative Insurrection
- Other Voices
Throughout most of human history, the study of language has been subsumed under philosophy. The distinction between philosophical linguistics and linguistic philosophy is subtle but telling: Is the driving concern language or philosophy? The Austrian-born English philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889–1951) was instrumental in bringing language-related questions to the fore for those who were not professional linguists. He accomplished this in two respects: (1) discussions on the philosophy of language, and (2) elaboration of logical theories. Wittgenstein was a protégé of Bertrand Russell (1872–1970), absorbing features of the analytic philosophy of Russell and Gottlob Frege (1848–1925), but fundamentally posing a whole series of innovative questions of his own devising. Wittgenstein's genius is enshrined in his Logisch-philosophische Abhandlung (Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus, 1922), a brilliant work that is only about seventy-five pages in length. Despite its extreme brevity, the...
The father of structuralism (and many would say of the modern science of linguistics) was the Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913). But Saussure was a reluctant father whose seminal Cours de linguistique générale (Course in General Linguistics, 1916) was edited and posthumously published by two colleagues and a student who assiduously took notes at his lectures. The peculiar nature of its composition has resultedin a work that is fraught with contradictions and puzzling self-doubts cheek by jowl with superbly confident, dogmatic assertions. Despite all the vagaries of its composition, Cours de linguistique généraleis a hugely influential work and has probably done more to establish linguistics as an independent discipline than any other single book. Although Saussure had a background in the historical study of language and had made significant advances in the understanding of the Indo-European vowel system, he was unusually critical of neogrammarian philology, which he a...
Few would disagree that Noam Chomsky (b. 1928) was the dominant figure in linguistics from the late 1950s through the 1970s. Two early works, Syntactic Structures (1957) and Aspects of the Theory of Syntax(1965), laid the foundations and set the tone for Chomsky's linguistic project that has lasted (albeit in increasingly attenuated versions) into the twenty-first century. From the very beginning of his career, Chomsky adopted a highly combative stance against his intellectual and ideological opponents. Since Chomsky is a clever debater, he usually wins his arguments, and this has been one of the main factors in his meteoric rise. Chomsky's highly polemical orientation spills over into many nonlinguistic fields. Although he has been remarkably prolific writing about language-related matters, Chomsky's publications on a wide range of politically sensitive topics would appear to be still more numerous. In general, Chomsky is favorably disposed to traditional grammar but is hostile to...
Although structuralism and TGL were respectively paramount in the first and second halves of the twentieth century, this is by no means to say that competing approaches were lacking. During the period when structuralism dominated linguistics, other interesting approaches to language proliferated. One that caught the popular imagination was that of general semantics, a philosophical movement originated by the Polish-American philosopher and mathematician Alfred Korzybski (1879–1950). Korzybski, who once famously declared that "The map is not the territory," called for a heightened awareness of the conventional relationship between words and the things to which they refer. It was his intention to promote clear thought (to free human beings from the "tyranny of words," as enunciated by one enthusiast) and thereby to improve systems of communication. That is to say, it should be recognized that language does not directly reflect reality. Indeed, the structure of language may be said to...
Although human beings have for millennia taken an intense interest in the languages they speak, modern linguistics has gradually developed as an independent discipline (some would be willing to call it a science) only during the past few centuries. Hundreds of major figures have contributed to this development, and thousands of others have had a significant impact upon linguistics and its host of subfields. It has been possible here only to introduce briefly some of the main ideas of several of the individuals who have been instrumental in making language study what it is at the beginning of the twenty-first century. In many cases, it has been possible to do little more than mention some of their names and their areas of expertise to signal to the interested reader the necessity of investigating further the full range of their work. Scores of other truly outstanding linguists have not even been mentioned at all. Linguistics is a vibrant, unsettled field, one in which passions run hi...
Aronoff, Mark, and Janie Rees-Miller, eds. The Handbook of Linguistics.Malden, Mass.: Blackwell, 2001. Beaugrande, Robert de. Linguistic Theory: The Discourse of Fundamental Works.London: Longman, 1991. Bloomfield, Leonard. Language. New York: Henry Holt, 1933. Bright, William, ed. International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. 4 vols. Oxford: Oxford UniversityPress, 1992. Bussmann, Hadumod. Routledge Dictionary of Language and Linguistics.Translated and edited by Gregory P. Trauth and Kertin Kazzazi. London: Routledge, 1996. Cavalli-Sforza, Luigi-Luca. Genes, Peoples, and Languages. Translated by Mark Seielstad. New York: North Point, 2000. Chomsky, Noam. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1965. ——. Syntactic Structures.The Hague: Mouton, 1957. Comrie, Bernard. Language Universals and Linguistic Typology: Syntax and Morphology. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of ChicagoPress, 1989. Crystal, David. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Un...
- related to: linguistic issues concerning the euro wikipedia free images
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