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  1. › wiki › MadridMadrid - Wikipedia

    Madrid (/ m ə ˈ d r ɪ d /, Spanish: [maˈðɾið]) is the capital and most-populous city of Spain.The city has almost 3.4 million inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 6.7 million.

    • History
    • Geography
    • Buildings in Madrid
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    During the history of Spain many different people have lived there. The Phoenicians came in 1100 BC, followed by Carthaginians, Romans, Vandals, Visigoths and Moors. It was not until 1492, when the Catholic Monarchs got power, that Spain became a united country. Jews and Moors, who had lived happily there for many years, were driven away. Spain became very rich because it conquered many overseas countries, especially in Central and South America. However, Spain fought many wars and lost much of its treasure. It was very poor in 1936 when the Civil War was fought. General Franco became a harsh dictator until 1975 when Juan Carlos Iwas brought back to Spain and made king. There is now a democratic government. In prehistoric times people lived in the area which is now Madrid. The Romans lived there for several centuries. The origin of today’s city really starts in the 9th century when Muhammad I had a small palace built where the Palacio Real stands today. The Moors built strong forts...

    Madrid has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Csa in the Köppen climate classification). Most rain falls in autumn and spring. The winters are cool because it is high up, and occasionally it snows. The summers are hot and dry. Often the temperature is above 30 °C (86 °F) in July and can often reach 40 °C (104 °F). At night it is much cooler. This is why people have a sleep (siesta) in the afternoon when it is hot. Then they come out again in late afternoon and often eat dinner late at night.

    Spain's Royal Palace is in Madrid. It is one of the largest palaces in all of Western Europe. But the king and his family do not live there anymore; they live in a smaller palace, and only use the Royal Palace for important events, like meeting other kings and other official ceremonies. One can go inside the Royal Palaceand learn about the history of Spanish monarchy. Other famous buildings are: The Prado Museum, the Temple of Debod, the Santiago Bernabeú Stadium and the Cuatro Torres Business Area.

    There are a lot of very big and important art museums in Madrid. The most famous ones are the Prado Museum, the Queen Sofia Museum, and the Thyssen-Bornemisza museum. These show off paintings, sculptures, and other works of art from some of the most famous artists in the world. Many famous, important, and valuable works of art are in these museums. For example, the Queen Sofia museum has a famous painting by Pablo Picasso, called Guernica. Picasso painted this painting to show how sad and angry it made him when the German Nazis destroyed a town in Spain called Guernica in 1937. Picasso had said that the painting should never return to Spain until it was a democracyagain. Once that happened, they built the Queen Sofia museum just to have a good place to put it.

    There are many other sights to see in Madrid. Many people go to see the Plaza Mayor which was a market place. The Plaza de la Villa was another famous market place. There are a lot of shops along the Gran Via. Real Madrid football fans celebrate at the Plaza de Cibeles. Two famous gates to see are the Puerta del Sol and the Puerta de Alcalá. A more recent landmark is the Almudena Cathedral. Madrid has some lovely parks. The Retiro Park is the most famous. The Cristal Palacecan be found in this park. The Plaza de Toros is visited by many tourists. Bullfightstake place there.

    French wiki entry explaining more about Guernica Archived 2007-11-02 at the Wayback Machine
    WorldFlicks in Madrid: Photos and interesting places on Google Maps Archived 2008-02-18 at the Wayback Machine
    • 9th century
    • Spain
  2. › wiki › SpainSpain - Wikipedia

    Spain hosts the world's third-largest number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Spain is a secular parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy, with King Felipe VI as head of state. It is a highly developed country and a high income country, with the world's fourteenth-largest economy by nominal GDP and the sixteenth-largest by PPP.

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  3. The Madrid Spain Temple, built in the Pavones neighborhood of Moratalaz, a district of Madrid, was announced in 1993. The temple in Madrid is a highly visible symbol of the church's presence in Spain. During the open house, over 100,000 community members and government officials toured the temple, including King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía .

    • 45,800 sq ft (4,250 m²)
    • 3.5 acres (1.4 hectares)
    • Calle del Templo no. 2, Madrid, Spain
    • 4 April 1993
  4. Art Madrid 13. Art Madrid is a contemporary art fair organized by the company Arte y Asociados in Madrid since the year 2006 and that agrees in the time with ARCO (the International Fair of Contemporary Art ). In terms of number of galleries, it is the second largest contemporary art fair in Spain. In its third annual event, Art Madrid 80 ...

    • Description
    • Further Bombings Spur Investigation
    • Responsibility
    • Police Surveillance and Informants
    • Controversies
    • Reactions
    • Memorial Service For Victims
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    During the peak of Madrid rush hour on the morning of Thursday, 11 March 2004, ten explosions occurred aboard four commuter trains (cercanías). The date led to the popular abbreviation of the incident as "11-M". All the affected trains were traveling on the same line and in the same direction between Alcalá de Henares and the Atocha station in Madrid. It was later reported that thirteen improvised explosive devices (IEDs) had been placed on the trains. Bomb disposal teams (TEDAX) arriving at the scenes of the explosions detonated two of the remaining three IEDs in controlled explosions, but the third was not found until later in the evening, having been stored inadvertently with luggage taken from one of the trains. The following time-line of events comes from the judicial investigation. All four trains had departed the Alcalá de Henares station between 07:01 and 07:14. The explosions took place between 07:37 and 07:40, as described below (all timings given are in local time CET, UT...

    A device composed of 12 kilograms of Goma-2 ECO with a detonator and 136 meters of wire (connected to nothing) was found on the track of a high-speed railway line (AVE) on 2 April. The Spanish judiciary chose not to investigate that incident and the perpetrators remain unknown. The device used in the AVE incident was unable to explode because it lacked an initiation system. Shortly after the AVE incident, police identified an apartment in Leganés, south of Madrid, as the base of operations for the individuals suspected of being the perpetrators of the Madrid and AVE attacks. The suspected militants, Sarhane Abdelmaji "the Tunisian" and Jamal Ahmidan "the Chinese", were trapped inside the apartment by a police raid on the evening of Saturday 3 April. At 9:03 pm, when the police started to assault the premises, the militants committed suicide by setting off explosives, killing themselves and one of the police officers.Investigators subsequently found that the explosives used in the Le...

    On 14 March 2004, Abu Dujana al-Afghani, a purported spokesman for al-Qaedain Europe, appeared in a videotape claiming responsibility for the attacks. The Spanish judiciary stated that a loose group of Moroccan, Syrian, and Algerian Muslims and two Guardia Civil and Spanish police informants were suspected of having carried out the attacks. On 11 April 2006, Judge Juan del Olmocharged 29 suspects for their involvement in the train bombings. No evidence has been found of al-Qaeda involvement, although an al-Qaeda claim was made the day of the attacks by the Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades. U.S. officials note that this group is "notoriously unreliable".In August 2007, al-Qaeda claimed to be "proud" about the Madrid 2004 bombings. The Independent reported that "Those who invented the new kind of rucksack bomb used in the attacks are said to have been taught in training camps in Jalalabad, Afghanistan, under instruction from members of Morocco's radical Islamist Combat Group." Mohamed Darif...

    In the investigations carried out to find out what went wrong in the security services, many individual negligences and miscoordinations between different branches of the police were found. The group dealing with Islamist extremists was very small and in spite of having carried out some surveillances, they were unable to stop the bombings. Also, some of the criminals involved in the "Little Mafia" who provided the explosives were police informantsand had leaked to their case officers some tips that were not followed up on. Some of the alleged perpetrators of the bombing were reportedly under surveillance by the Spanish police since 2001. At the time of the Madrid bombings, Spain was well equipped with internal security structures that were, for the most part, effective in the fight against terrorism. It became evident that there were coordination issues between police forces as well as within each of them. The Interior Ministry focused on correcting these weaknesses. It was Spain's...

    The authorship of the bombings remains a controversial issue in Spain. Sectors of the Partido Popular (PP) and some of the PP-friendly media outlets (primarily El Mundo and the Libertad Digitalradio station) claim that there are inconsistencies and contradictions in the Spanish judicial investigation. As Spanish and international investigations continue to claim the unlikeliness of ETA's active implication, these claims have shifted from direct accusations involving the Basque separatist organisation to less specific insinuations and general scepticism.Additionally, there is controversy over the events that took place between the bombings and the general elections held three days later.

    In the aftermath of the bombings, there were massive street demonstrations across Spain to protest against the train bombings.The international reaction was also notable, as the scale of the attack became clearer.

    A memorial service for the victims of this incident was held on 25 March 2004 at the Almudena Cathedral. It was attended by King Juan Carlos I, Queen Sofía, victims' families, and representatives from numerous other countries, including British prime minister Tony Blair, French president Jacques Chirac, German chancellor Gerhard Schröder, and U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell.

    Specifically about the 2004 Madrid bombings

    1. Atocha station memorial 2. Brandon Mayfield, wrongfully identified via fingerprints 3. Casualties of the 2004 Madrid bombings 4. Controversies about the 2004 Madrid train bombings 5. Forest of Remembrance 6. Reactions to the 2004 Madrid train bombings 7. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero 8. 2004 Madrid train bombings suspects 9. Rabei Osman


    1. List of terrorist incidents involving railway systems 2. 2000 Madrid bombing 3. February 2004 Moscow Metro bombing, a very similar attack barely five weeks before. 4. 2006 Madrid–Barajas Airport bombing 5. 11 July 2006 Mumbai train bombings 6. 7 July 2005 London bombings 7. 2006 German train bombing attempts

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