A constitutional monarchy is a form of monarchy in which the sovereign exercises authority in accordance with a written or unwritten constitution. Constitutional monarchy differs from absolute monarchy (in which a monarch holds absolute power) in that constitutional monarchs are bound to exercise their powers and authorities within the limits prescribed within an established legal framework.
The largest opposition party was the pro-monarchy Party of Authenticity and Modernity (PAM).   PJD and PAM ran an "unusually hostile" campaign.  The largest Islamist opposition group, Justice and Spirituality , as well as several left-wing organizations boycotted the election, protesting the monarchy's still considerable executive powers.
A series of elections during this period resulted in the gradual ascendance of the Committee of Union and Progress's (CUP) domination in politics. The second largest party, with which the CUP was involved in a 2-year power struggle, was the Freedom and Accord Party (also known as the Liberal Union or Liberal Entente) founded in 1911 by those ...
The Kingdom of France, under the Ancien Régime, was an absolute monarchy and lacked a formal constitution; the regime essentially relied on custom. That said, certain rules, the "fundamental laws of the Kingdom" ( les lois fondamentales du Royaume ), were outside the power of the monarch to change without further consent.
Operation. The pattern of executive functions within a Westminster system is quite complex. In essence, the head of state, usually a monarch or president, is a ceremonial figurehead who is the theoretical, nominal or de jure source of executive power within the system.
Like with the 2013 election, the 2016 election will be run by the IEC. The IEC has stated one of its aims for the 2016 election is the restoration of public faith in the electoral system. Candidates were required to register by 16 August. Campaign spending is capped by the IEC to 5 dinars per voter in a district for large urban districts.
Following the UK voting to leave the EU on the 23rd June 2016, Cameron resigned as Conservative leader and PM. On 11 July 2016 it was announced officially that Theresa May would become the new Leader of the Conservative Party and Prime Minister on the evening of 13 July 2016.
The French Charter of 1814 was a constitutional text granted by King Louis XVIII of France shortly after the Bourbon Restoration, in form of royal charter.The Congress of Vienna demanded that Louis bring in a constitution of some form before he was restored.
Une monarchie constitutionnelle est un type de régime politique qui reconnaît un monarque élu ou héréditaire comme chef de l'État, mais où une constitution limite ses pouvoirs. Les monarchies constitutionnelles modernes sont le plus souvent des monarchies royales parlementaires avec un système de séparation des pouvoirs où le monarque ...
Election. The President of the Italian Republic is elected by an electoral college of about 1,000 members. It comprises both chambers of the Italian Parliament—the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic—meeting in joint session, combined with 58 special electors appointed by the regional councils of each of the 20 regions of Italy.