- The OECD works closely with Key Partner countries, which include some of the world’s largest economies: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa. They participate in the OECD’s daily work, bringing useful perspectives and increasing the relevance of policy debates.
On 14 December 1960, 20 countries originally signed the Convention on the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Since then, 17 countries have become members of the Organisation. Here is a list of the current Member countries of the Organisation and the dates on which they deposited their instruments of ratification.
The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD; French: Organisation de Coopération et de Développement Économiques, OCDE) is an intergovernmental economic organisation with 37 member countries, founded in 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
- Member Countries
- OECD Candidates
- Key Partners
- Regional Initiatives
Today, our 36 member countries span the globe, from North and South America to Europe and Asia-Pacific. They are represented by ambassadors, who are part of the OECD Council, which oversees and advises on our work, as set out in the OECD Convention. They engage with our experts and delegations from other countries, relay our data and analysis, and play a key role in our country review programmes, which are designed to encourage better performances. The European Commission participates in our...
Becoming an OECD member country is a demanding task. Countries have to be ready for membership, which means not only adhering to our mission and values, but being able to take on the responsibilities and requirements of active membership. To become a member, countries may apply or be invited to open an accession process by the OECD Council. An accession roadmap is then developed to determine terms, conditions and processes. A technical review is carried out to evaluate the country’s policies...
The OECD works closely with Key Partner countries, which include some of the world’s largest economies: Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, and South Africa. They participate in the OECD’s daily work, bringing useful perspectives and increasing the relevance of policy debates. Key partners participate in policy discussions in OECD Committees, take part in regular OECD surveys and are included in statistical databases.
We work across countries at a regional level, notably through regional initiatives, spanning Africa, Eurasia, the Middle East and North Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, Southeast Asia and South East Europe. Regional initiatives help facilitate policy benchmarking and the exchange of good practices between countries in a specific geographical area within and across regions. They also help guide countries towards globally recognised standards and ambitious reform agendas to unlock great...
Aug 22, 2019 · Over the next 12 years, a total of four countries were admitted as new OECD member states. Japan officially joined the organization in 1964, followed by Finland (1969), Australia (1971), and New Zealand (1973). Yugoslavia was an observer state of the OECD from the time of the organization's creation until the country was dissolved in 1992.
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May 19, 2020 · Most of the 37 OECD members are from Europe. They are Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.
OECD countries are Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom and United States.an international economic organisation of 34 countries, founded in 30 September 1961 to stimulate economic progress and world trade.
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This article includes two lists of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member states sorted by their gross domestic product per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted to U.S. dollars, divided by the average (or mid-year) population for the same year.RankCountry2012 US$2013 US$1Luxembourg103,751110,7542Ireland45,889N/A3Switzerland79,596N/A4Norway99,627100,640
- African countries, Asian states, European Union member states, European countries, Latin American and Caribbean countries, Oceanian countries, Per capita, 1980–2010 growth, Industrial growth
- Per capita, Past, per capita, Past and projected, per capita, Private consumption per capita, Per person employed, Ten largest historically, 19th century
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The OECD started 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co-operation (OEEC). The Second World War had just ended three years before in 1945. Some countries of Europe came together to form OEEC to help each other re-build their industry and other things destroyed in the Second World War.
- 38 states, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States
- Paris, France
The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) is a unique forum where the governments of 34 democracies with market economies work with each other, as well as with more than 70 non-member economies to promote economic growth, prosperity, and sustainable development.
The Organization provides a setting where governments can compare policy experiences, seek answers to common problems, identify good practice and coordinate domestic and international policies.
For more than 50 years, the OECD has been a valuable source of policy analysis and internationally comparable statistical, economic and social data.
Over the past decade, the OECD has further deepened its engagement with business, trade unions and other representatives of civil society. The U.S. Council for International Business (USCIB) represents the views of Americas private sector through its participation in the OECDs Business and Industry Advisory Committee (BIAC). The U.S. trade union interests are represented on the OECDs Trade Union Advisory Committee by the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO) (USA).
Today, OECD member countries account for 63 percent of world GDP, three-quarters of world trade, 95 percent of world official development assistance, over half of the worlds energy consumption, and 18 percent of the worlds population. Together with its sister agencies, the International Energy Agency (IEA) and Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA), the OECD helps countries both members and non-members reap the benefits and confront the challenges of a global economy by promoting sound energy policies that further: economic growth; energy security; free markets; the increasingly safe, clean, and efficient use of resources to reduce environmental impacts and preserve our climate; and science and technology innovation.