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  1. › wiki › Old_IrishOld Irish - Wikipedia

    Old Irish, also called Old Gaelic (Goídelc; Ogham: ᚌᚑᚔᚇᚓᚂᚉ; Irish: Sean-Ghaeilge; Scottish Gaelic: Seann-Ghàidhlig; Manx: Shenn Yernish or Shenn Ghaelg), is the oldest form of the Goidelic/Gaelic language for which there are extensive written texts.

  2. › wiki › Old_EnglishOld English - Wikipedia

    This language, or closely related group of dialects, spoken by the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes, and pre-dating documented Old English or Anglo-Saxon, has also been called Primitive Old English. [11] Early Old English (c. 650 to 900), the period of the oldest manuscript traditions, with authors such as Cædmon , Bede , Cynewulf and Aldhelm .

  3. The grammar of Old English is quite different from that of Modern English, predominantly by being much more inflected.As an old Germanic language, Old English has a morphological system that is similar to that of the Proto-Germanic reconstruction, retaining many of the inflections thought to have been common in Proto-Indo-European and also including constructions characteristic of the Germanic ...

  4. Self-reported number of Irish speakers In Ireland. with (according to the 2011 UK Census) 184,898 having a little knowledge of the language. . Estimates of fully native Irish language speakers in Ireland range from 40,000 to 80,000.. Only 8,068 of the 2016 census forms were completed in Irish. In anecdotal input, Bank of Ireland has noted that fewer than 1% of their customers use the Irish ...

  5. Middle Irish is the form of Irish used from the 10th to 12th centuries; it is therefore a contemporary of late Old English and early Middle English. It is the language of a large amount of literature, including the entire Ulster Cycle .

  6. Old English did not sound or look much like the English spoken today. If English speakers today were to hear or read a passage in Old English, they would understand just a few words. The closest language to English that is still used today is Frisian, spoken by about 500,000 people living in the Netherlands, Germany and Denmark. It is much like ...

  7. The literary Irish language (known in English as Classical Irish), was a sophisticated medium with elaborate verse forms, and was taught in bardic schools (i.e. academies of higher learning) both in Ireland and Scotland. These produced historians, lawyers and a professional literary class which depended on the aristocracy for patronage.

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