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    Old Irish ( Goídelc; Irish: Sean-Ghaeilge; Scottish Gaelic: Seann Ghàidhlig; Manx: Shenn Yernish or Shenn Ghaelg; Old Irish: ᚌᚑᚔᚇᚓᚂᚉ), sometimes called Old Gaelic, is the oldest form of the Goidelic for which extensive written texts are extant. It was used from c. 600 to c. 900.

    • 6th century–10th century; evolved into Middle Irish about the 10th century
    • Ireland, Isle of Man, western coast of Great Britain
  2. History of the Irish language. Ireland portal. v. t. e. The first evidence of human presence in Ireland dates to around 33,000 years ago, further findings have been found dating to around 10,500 to 8,000 BC.

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    What is the oldest form of the Irish language?

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  4. From the 12th century, Middle Irish began to evolve into modern Irish in Ireland, into Scottish Gaelic in Scotland, and into the Manx language in the Isle of Man . Early Modern Irish, dating from the 13th century, was the basis of the literary language of both Ireland and Gaelic-speaking Scotland.

  5. › wiki › IrelandIreland - Wikipedia

    Ireland Éire (Irish) Airlann (Ulster Scots) Satellite image, October 2010 Location of Ireland (dark green) in Europe (dark grey) Geography Location Northwestern Europe Coordinates Adjacent bodies of water Atlantic Ocean Area 84,421 km 2 (32,595 sq mi) Area rank 20th Coastline 7,524 km (4675.2 mi) Highest elevation 1,041 m (3415 ft) Highest point Carrauntoohil Administration Republic of ...

    • 20th
    • 96.4% White, 1.7% Asian, 1.1% Black, 0.8% Other
  6. Old Irish was the Irish language in the Early Middle Ages. People spoke Old Irish in early medieval Ireland, before the year 1000 AD. Old Irish was a Gaelic language, and Gaelic languages like modern Irish and Scottish Gaelic came from it. People speaking Celtic languages probably first came to Ireland at the start of the Iron Age, about 500 BC.

    • History
    • Process
    • Regulations and Labelling
    • Distilleries in Ireland
    • Types
    • See Also
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    Irish whiskey was one of the earliest distilled drinks in Europe, arising around the 12th century. It is believed that Irish monks brought the technique of distilling perfumes back to Ireland from their travels to southern Europe around 1000 AD. The Irish then modified this technique to obtain a drinkable spirit. Although termed "whiskey", the spirit produced during this period would have differed from what is currently recognised as whiskey, as it would not have been aged, and was often flavoured with aromatic herbs such as mint, thyme, or anise. Irish Mist, a whiskey liqueur launched in 1963, is purportedly based on such a recipe. Although known to have occurred for hundreds of years, records of whiskey production in Ireland can be difficult to come by, particularly in the earlier years when production was unregulated. Even in later years, as production was frequently illicit, official records bear little resemblance to reality.In addition, as many Irish records were traditionally...

    Irish whiskey has a smoother finish as opposed to the smoky, earthy overtones common to Scotch whisky due in part to peating. Peat is rarely used in the malting process outside of Scotland. There are notable exceptions to these rules in both countries. Examples include Connemara peated Irish malt (double distilled) whiskey from the Cooley Distillery in Riverstown, Cooley, County Louth; Pearse Whiskey from Pearse Lyons Distillery, Dublin; Dunville's peated from Echlinville Distillery, Kircubbin, County Down; and the as yet unreleased whiskey from Waterford Distillery.

    Legal definition

    Irish whiskey is a protected European Geographical Indication (GI) under Regulation (EC) No 110/2008.As of 29 January 2016, production, labelling and marketing of Irish whiskey must be verified by the Irish revenue authorities as conforming with the Department of Agriculture's 2014 technical file for Irish whiskey. Key requirements include specifications that Irish whiskey must: 1. Be distilled and matured on the island of Ireland (comprising the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland) from...


    There are several regulations governing the labelling of Irish whiskeys, in particular: 1. Spirit drinks must not be labelled, packaged, sold, advertised or promoted in such a way to suggest they are Irish whiskey or any of the sub-varieties unless they meet the relevant requirements; 2. Any age statement must refer to the age of the youngest whiskey used; 3. Although traditionally spelled with an 'e', Irish whiskey may also be marketed as "Irish whisky".

    Current distilleries

    According to the Irish Whiskey Association, as of December 2019, there are 32 whiskey distilleries in operation in Ireland.However, many of these are recently established and have not yet aged their own spirits for sale as whiskey: 1. Achill Island Distillery, County Mayo (est. 2015) – produces the Irish American brand whiskey. 2. Ballykeefe Distillery, County Kilkenny (est. 2017) – released its own whiskey in March 2021.Also produces vodka, gin and poitín. 3. Baoilleach Distillery, County Do...

    Planned or under construction

    Further distilleries are either planned or in development across Ireland. In addition, to the Glendaloughdistillery mentioned above, which had previously distilled spirit, planned distilleries include: In addition, work began on a further distillery, the Quiet Man Craft Distillery, in Derry in 2017. However, the project was subsequently cancelled in late November 2018.

    Historical distilleries

    Throughout the 18th and 19th centuries, around 1,000 registered distilleries opened and closed across Ireland - with multiples of this number operating illegally. Most of these have disappeared without a trace, only to be remembered by local street names e.g. Bond Street in Dublin. For instance, the excise return for 1800 lists 40 distilleries operating in Dublin city alone, while Drogheda is estimated to have had 15 distilleries in the 1780s, with as many as ten operating in Cork city in the...

    Irish whiskey comes in several forms, with the name of the style depending on the type of grain used and the distillation process. Traditionally, Irish whiskey was produced in pot stills. Irish whiskeys made in a pot stillfall into two categories.


    1. Amber, Kate (May 2019). "Ireland's Whiskey Guide". Retrieved 27 May 2019. Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

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