Old Irish is the ancestor of all modern Goidelic languages: Modern Irish, Scottish Gaelic and Manx . A still older form of Irish is known as Primitive Irish. Fragments of Primitive Irish, mainly personal names, are known from inscriptions on stone written in the Ogham alphabet.
Old Irish was the Irish language in the Early Middle Ages. People spoke Old Irish in early medieval Ireland, before the year 1000 AD. Old Irish was a Gaelic language, and Gaelic languages like modern Irish and Scottish Gaelic came from it. People speaking Celtic languages probably first came to Ireland at the start of the Iron Age, about 500 BC.
Old Irish has three genders: masculine, feminine and neuter; 3 numbers: singular, dual and plural; and 5 cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive and dative. The dual is predominantly preceded by the cardinal number dá "two". The full range of forms is only evident in the noun phrase, where the article causes noun initial mutation ...
The Irish bardic system, along with the Gaelic culture and learned classes, were upset by the plantations, and went into decline. Among the last of the true bardic poets were Brian Mac Giolla Phádraig (c. 1580–1652) and Dáibhí Ó Bruadair (1625–1698). The Irish poets of the late 17th and 18th centuries moved toward more modern dialects.
For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA. Irish ( Standard Irish: Gaeilge ), also known as Gaelic, is a Goidelic language of the Insular Celtic branch of the Celtic language family, which is a part of the Indo-European language family. Irish is indigenous to the island of Ireland and was the population's first language until the ...
Old Irish The Irish language as attested from the sixth to the tenth centuries C.E., the oldest form of the Goidelic languages for which extensive texts (written in the Latin alphabet) are extant. Translations language See also Wiktionary’s coverage of Old Irish terms Further reading ISO 639-3 code sga (SIL) Categories: English lemmas
The history of the Irish language begins with the period from the arrival of speakers of Celtic languages in Ireland to Ireland's earliest known form of Irish, Primitive Irish, which is found in Ogham inscriptions dating from the 3rd or 4th century AD.