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  1. A parliamentary system may be either bicameral, with two chambers of parliament (or houses) or unicameral, with just one parliamentary chamber.A bicameral parliament usually consists of a directly elected lower house with the power to determine the executive government, and an upper house which may be appointed or elected through a different mechanism from the lower house.

  2. A parliamentary system of government means that the executive branch of government has the direct or indirect support of the parliament. This support is usually shown by a vote of confidence. A balanced relationship between the executive and the legislature in a parliamentary system is called responsible government .

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    What is a parliamentary republic?

    What is the distribution of power in a parliamentary system?

  4. › wiki › ParliamentParliament - Wikipedia

    • Etymology
    • Early Parliaments
    • Development of Modern Parliaments
    • Parliamentary System
    • Women in Parliament
    • List of National Parliaments
    • List of Subnational Parliaments
    • Other Parliaments
    • External Links

    The English term is derived from Anglo-Norman and dates to the 14th century, coming from the 11th century Old French parlement, "discussion, discourse", from parler, meaning "to talk".The meaning evolved over time, originally referring to any discussion, conversation, or negotiation through various kinds of deliberative or judicial groups, often su...

    Since ancient times, when societies were tribal, there were councils or a headman whose decisions were assessed by village elders. This is called tribalism. Some scholars suggest that in ancient Mesopotamia there was a primitive democratic government where the kings were assessed by council. The same has been said about ancient India, where some fo...

    The development of the modern concept of parliamentary government dates back to the Kingdom of Great Britain(1707–1800).

    Many parliaments are part of a parliamentary system of government, in which the executive is constitutionally answerable to the parliament from the genetic moment of the birth of Government (Motion of confidence), to the final moment of his termination (Motion of no confidence), through all the commitments that can be added to the government contra...

    Countries with more than a specific percentage of women in parliament as of 2017
    Greater than 10%
    Greater than 20%
    Greater than 30%

    Parliaments of the European Union

    1. European Parliament 2. Parliament of Austria (consisting of the National Council and the Federal Council) 3. Belgian Federal Parliament (consisting of the Chamber of Representatives and the Senate) 4. National Assembly of Bulgaria 5. Croatian Parliament 6. House of Representatives (Cyprus) 7. Parliament of the Czech Republic (consisting of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate) 8. Folketing (Denmark) 9. Riigikogu (Estonia) 10. Parliament of Finland(Eduskunta) 11. Parliament of France (con...


    1. Parliament of Albania 2. Parliament of Australia (consisting of the Queen, the House of Representatives, and the Senate) 2.1. The federal government of the Commonwealth of Australia has a bicameral parliament and each of Australia's six states has a bicameral parliament except for Queensland, which has a unicameral parliament. 3. Parliament of The Bahamas 4. Jatiya Sangsad (Bangladesh) 5. Parliament of Barbados 6. Parliament of Canada (consisting of the Queen, an Upper House styled the Sen...


    In the federal (bicameral) kingdom of Belgium, there is a curious asymmetrical constellation serving as directly elected legislatures for three "territorial" regions—Flanders (Dutch), Brussels (bilingual, certain peculiarities of competence, also the only region not comprising any of the 10 provinces) and Wallonia (French)—and three cultural communities—Flemish (Dutch, competent in Flanders and for the Dutch-speaking inhabitants of Brussels), Francophone (French, for Wallonia and for Francoph...


    1. Legislative Assembly of Acre 2. Legislative Assembly of Alagoas 3. Legislative Assembly of Amapá 4. Legislative Assembly of Amazonas 5. Legislative Assembly of Bahia 6. Legislative Assembly of Ceará 7. Legislative Assembly of Espírito Santo 8. Legislative Assembly of Goiás 9. Legislative Assembly of Maranhão 10. Legislative Assembly of Mato Grosso 11. Legislative Assembly of Mato Grosso do Sul 12. Legislative Assembly of Minas Gerais 13. Legislative Assembly of Pará 14. Legislative Assembl...


    1. Inatsisartut 2. Løgting

    Contemporary supranational parliaments

    1. List is not exhaustive 1. Pan-African Parliament 2. Central American Parliament 3. Latin American Parliament 4. European Parliament

    Equivalent national legislatures

    1. Majlis, e.g. in Iran 2. in Afghanistan: Wolesi Jirga (elected, legislative lower house) and Meshrano Jirga (mainly advisory, indirect representation); in special cases, e.g. as constituent assembly, a Loya Jirga 3. in Indonesia: People's Consultative Assembly, consists of People's Representative Council (elected, legislative lower house) and Regional Representative Council(elected, legislative upper house with limited powers)


    1. Parliament of Southern Ireland(1921–1922) 2. People's Parliament(1940s) 3. Silesian Parliament(1922–1945) 4. Parliament of Northern Ireland(1921–1973) 5. Batasang Pambansâ(1978–1986) 6. National Assembly of the Republic of China(1913–2005)

    Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Parliament" . Encyclopædia Britannica(11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  5. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. A parliamentary republic is aform of government that is run under a parliamentary system of government to which the executive branch (the government) derives its legitimacy from and is held acountable to the legislature (the parliament). There are a number of variations of parliamentary republics.

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  7. The head of state is a constitutional monarch who normally only exercises his or her powers with the consent of the government, the people and/or their representatives (except in emergencies, e.g. a constitutional crisis or a political deadlock). Andorra. Antigua and Barbuda. Australia. Bahamas. Belgium.

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