Portugal was the first country in the world to abolish life imprisonment (in 1884) and was one of the first countries to abolish the death penalty. Maximum jail sentences are limited to 25 years. Portugal is also known for having decriminalized the usage of all common drugs in 2001, the first country in the world to do so.
The region of present-day Portugal has been inhabited by humans since circa 400,000 years ago, when Homo heidelbergensis entered the area. The oldest human fossil found in Portugal is the 400,000-year-old Aroeira 3 H. Heidelbergensis skull discovered in the Cave of Aroeira in 2014.
Portugal is a country in Southern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula. Portugal is the westernmost country of Europe and part of the Mediterranean. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and south and by Spain to the north and east. It has been a member of the European Union since 1986. It was under a dictatorship between 1926 and 1974.
Etimologia. O nome Portugal apareceu entre os anos 930 a 950 da Era Cristã, sendo no final do século X que começou a ser usado com mais frequência. O Rei Fernando I de Leão e Castela, chamado o Magno, denominou oficialmente o território de Portugal, quando, em 1067, o deu ao seu filho D. Garcia, que se intitulou rei do mesmo nome. 
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The COVID-19 pandemic in Portugal is part of the pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).On 2 March 2020, the virus was confirmed to have reached the country when it was reported that two men, a 60-year-old doctor who travelled to the north of Italy on vacation and a 33-year-old man working in Spain, tested positive ...
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Faro is a municipality, the southernmost city and seat of the district of the same name, in the Algarve region of southern Portugal. With a population of 118,000 inhabitants in 2011, the municipality covers an area of about 202.57 km2.
The Ria Formosa lagoon attracted humans from the Palaeolithic age until the end of prehistory. The first settlements date from the fourth century BC, during the period of Phoenician colonization of the western Mediterranean. At the time, the area was known as Ossonoba, and was the most important urban centre of southern Portugal and commercial port for agricultural products, fish, and minerals. Between the second and eighth centuries, the city was under the domain of the Romans, then the Byzanti
The municipality of Faro is divided into two distinct areas, the coastline, part of the Parque Natural da Ria Formosa and the barrocal, characterized by hills and valleys, populated with typical Algarvan vegetation. The nature park was created by Decree-Law 373/87, on 8 December 1987, and is considered one of the seven natural wonders of Portugal, with a beach that is around 7 km from the downtown. It includes the river and a lagoon system, interspersed with dunes, forming a small islands and pe
Faro is served by a transport network connecting it to the Algarve, and by extension, other European markets. Faro is about 3 hours and 30 minutes by air from the principal European destinations, and 2 hours and 30 minutes from Lisbon, along the A2, and less than 1 hour from Andalusia, along the A22. It receives through the International Airport millions of visitors annually, with 45 airlines serving this airport, including many low-cost airlines. In recent years, the number of visitors travelli
The Faro city holiday is on 7 September. The students' festival, organized every year by students from the University of the Algarve, is also an important event in Faro.
Porto or Oporto (Portuguese pronunciation: ()) is the second-largest city in Portugal and one of the Iberian Peninsula's major urban areas. Porto city is small compared to its metropolitan area, with a population of 237,559 people.
Prior to the independence of Brazil, "United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves" (1815–1822) was an official designation for Portugal which also alluded to the Algarve. Portuguese monarchs continued to use this title until the proclamation of the First Portuguese Republic in 1910.
- 4,996.80 km² (1,929.28 sq mi)
- 2019 estimate
História de Portugal. [S.l.]: Alfa Diffie, Bailey Wallys; Winius, George Davison (1977). Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415–1580. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0816607826 Disney, A. R. (2009). A History of Portugal and the Portuguese Empire: From Beginnings to 1807-Volume1. Nova Iorque: Cambridge University Press.