Reign of Terror, period of the French Revolution from September 5, 1793, to July 27, 1794, during which the Revolutionary government decided to take harsh measures against those suspected of being enemies of the Revolution (nobles, priests, and hoarders).
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- Why The Terror?
- Fear and Paranoia
- Protecting The Revolution
- Prominent Victims
- The ‘Great Terror’
- Streets Clogged with Blood
When and why the Reign of Terror began are matters of historical debate. For some historians, the Reign of Terror commenced with the execution of Louis XVI in January 1793. Others date it to the formation of the Revolutionary Tribunal (March 1793), the expulsion of Girondinist deputies from the National Convention (June 1793) or the murder of Jean-Paul Marat (July 1793). If the Reign of Terror had a single legislative beginning, it was on September 5th 1793, the day when Montagnard deputies i...
These fears were driven by France’s war with Europe, rumours of a foreign invasion and the treachery of émigrés, spies and counter-revolutionaries. This paranoid hysteria was particularly rife among Parisian radicals: the Jacobins and Cordeliers, the men of the sections and the sans culottes. Some of them attributed the economic suffering of the working classes to counter-revolutionary subterfuge and conspiracies. Together they urged the Convention to take tougher action against ‘enemies of t...
Those who initiated the Terror saw it as a bitter but necessary medicine, a purge of reactionary elements so the revolution could survive and remain on course. Little new policy was needed to initiate a policy of terror. Speeches in the Convention set the tone, while the radicals in the Committee of Public Safety (CPS) gave their approval. The Law of Suspects, passed in September 1793, formed the legislative basis for the Terror by outlining who might be targeted. The Law of Suspects called f...
The Reign of Terror brought an end to many prominent lives. Among the Terror’s more notable victims were the former queen Marie Antoinette; the Girondon orator Jacques Brissot; former Jacobin leader Antoine Barnave; Paris’ first mayor Jean-Sylvain Bailly; prominent female revolutionaries Madame Roland and Olympe de Gouges; the former mistress of Louis XV, Madame du Barry; Charlotte Corday, the assassin of Jean-Paul Marat; Philippe Égalité, the former Duke of Orleans; the dead king’s defence l...
Frustrated by the inadequate pace of justice and Paris’ overflowing prisons, Couthon acted. In early June, he introduced the Law of 22 Prairial, later dubbed the ‘Law of the Great Terror’, onto the floor of the National Convention. It was passed on June 10th 1794 with the backing of Robespierre and the CPS. The Prairial law removed the National Convention’s oversight over the Revolutionary Tribunals, expanding the power of the Tribunals and allowing them to act swiftly, autonomously and witho...
Whatever their causes, the changes of 22 Prairial accelerated the wheels of the Terror. The period between June 10th and the fall of Robespierre on July 27th became known as the Great Terror. During these seven weeks, almost 1,400 people were executed in Paris – around 200 more than in the previous 12 months. Executions had previously averaged around three a day; after 22 Prairial this increased tenfold. Suspects were tried, sentenced and executed in groups, often dozens at a time. Guillotini...
The Reign of Terror (June 1793 – July 1794) was a period in the French Revolution characterized by brutal repression. The Terror originated with a centralized political regime that suspended most of the democratic achievements of the revolution, and intended to
Feb 06, 2019 · The Terror is the most infamous era of the French Revolution, when the leaders of the country decided to rule through Terror and mass killing.
Nov 13, 2020 · In what authorities called “a reign of terror,” in south Oklahoma City this week, a 37-year-old man shot and killed his pregnant girlfriend and a stranger before stealing a car and leading police on a chase that ended with officers killing him.
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The Reign of Terror was a dark and violent period of time during the French Revolution. Radicals took control of the revolutionary government. They arrested and executed anyone who they suspected might not be loyal to the revolution. Leading up to the Terror The French Revolution had begun four years earlier with the Storming of the Bastille.
The Reign of Terror. After their victory in expelling the Girondins, Parisian militants “regenerated” their own sectional assemblies by purging local moderates, while radicals such as Jacques-René Hébert and Pierre-Gaspard Chaumette tightened their grip on the Paris Commune. On September 5, 1793, they mounted another mass demonstration to demand that the Convention assure food at affordable prices and “place terror on the order of the day.”
After the death of Louis XVI in 1793, the Reign of Terror began. The first victim was Marie Antoinette. She had been imprisoned with her children after she was separated from Louis.
The Osage Indian murders were a series of murders of Osage people in Osage County, Oklahoma, during the 1910s–1930s; newspapers described the increasing number of unsolved murders as the "Reign of Terror," lasting from 1921-1926. The estimated Osage death toll is in the hundreds, though reported numbers are much less and investigated deaths far fewer.