Romania (/ r oʊ ˈ m eɪ n i ə / ro-MAY-nee-ə; Romanian: România [r o m ɨ ˈ n i. a] ()) is a country located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.It shares land borders with Bulgaria to the south, Ukraine to the north, Hungary to the west, Serbia to the southwest, and Moldova to the east, and has its opening to the Black Sea.
Romania (old spelling: Rumania, Roumania; Romanian: România, IPA: [ro.mɨˈni.a]) is a country in southeastern Europe. It is north of the Balkan Peninsula , on the Lower Danube River . Part of Romania is circled by the Carpathian Mountains .
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The Romanian expression România Mare (Great or Greater Romania) refers to the Romanian state in the interwar period and to the territory Romania covered at the time. At that time, Romania achieved its greatest territorial extent, almost 300,000 km 2 or 120,000 sq mi  ), including all of the historic Romanian lands.
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The Romanian Wikipedia is the Romanian language edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Started on 12 July 2003, as of 4 May 2021 this edition has about 419,573 articles and is the 30th largest Wikipedia edition. In December 2004, users on the Romanian Wikipedia started to talk about founding a local chapter of Wikimedia, Asociația Wikimedia România.
The first articles in the Romanian Wikipedia were written in July 2003, with the first version of the main page being drafted on 12 July. The user interface, initially in English, started being translated into Romanian by Bogdan Stăncescu as soon as he was given sysop rights. The same user subsequently contacted several Romanian universities that were available on the internet, as well as the Romanian Academy, in order to attract new contributors. His efforts were soon remarked by the ...
The logo of the Romanian Wikipedia was slightly different from the logos of other Wikipedias. The letter И in the logo was replaced with the Romanian letter Ă, further adapting this Wikipedia to the local readership. Articles can contain small spelling variations, mostly regarding the use of the letters â and î, both used for the close central unrounded vowel /ɨ/. According to the 1993 spelling rules promoted by the Romanian Academy, /ɨ/ is transcribed as either î, when used as the ...
Romania's population has declined steadily in recent years, from 21.83 million in 2002 to 19.95 million in 2014. Among the causes of population decline are high mortality, a low fertility rate after 1989, and emigration. In 1990 Romania's population was estimated to be 23.21 million inhabitants.
- 9.27 births/1,000 population (2014)
- -0.29% (2014)
- 11.88 deaths/1,000 population (2014)
- 19,317,984 (2020 national population estimate)
Urban (53,93%) Rural (46,07%) Conform recensământului din 2011 , România are o populație de 20 121 641 de locuitori, iar sporul natural este negativ. Populația scade astfel, și din cauza acestuia, dar și din cauza migrației negative. Astfel, raportul Eurostat din 2014 arăta că România era țara din Uniunea Europeană cu cea mai abruptă scădere demografică între 1994 și 2014 ...
The Kingdom of Romania (Romanian: Regatul României) was a constitutional monarchy that existed in Romania from 13 March / 25 March 1881 with the crowning of prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen as King Carol I (thus beginning the Romanian royal family), until 1947 with the abdication of King Michael I of Romania and the Romanian parliament's proclamation of Romania as a putative socialist ...
The earliest preserved document written in the Romanian language is a 1521 letter that notifies the mayor of Brașov about an imminent attack by the Turks. This document, known as Neacșu's Letter, is also notable for having the first occurrence of "Romanian" in a Romanian text, Wallachia being called here the Romanian Land—Țeara Rumânească (Țeara < Latin Terra = land).