The Russian Orthodox Church, though its influence is thin in some parts of Siberia and southern Russia, where there has been a perceptible revival of pre-Christian religion, acts as the de facto, if not de jure, privileged religion of the state, claiming the right to decide which other religions or denominations are to be granted the right of ...
In the 10th century Prince Vladimir I, who was converted by missionaries from Byzantium, adopted Christianity as the official religion for Russia, and for nearly 1,000 years thereafter the Russian Orthodox church was the country’s dominant religious institution. After the communists took power in 1917, religious institutions suffered.
- Most Common Religions in Russia
- Islam - 10%
- Other Christians - 2%
- Religious Freedom in Russia
- The Future of Religion in Russia: Outlook For The Year 2050
Orthodox Christianity - 71%
Orthodox Christianity in Russia can be traced back to at least the year 988 when it was introduced in Russia under the governance of Prince Vladimir of Kiev. Today, Orthodox Christianity is still the most popular Christian denomination in Russia, with 42.5% of Russians identifying as Orthodox Christians. Although religious activity was highly intertwined within Russian society throughout many centuries, the influence of the Russian Orthodox church lessened following the Bolshevik Revolution i...
Non-Affiliated Beliefs - 15%
Atheism came into vogue in Russia during the Soviet era, as it was regarded to be communism-appropriate. Today, atheist beliefs prevail in Russia to an extent, with around 13% of the country identifying as such. However, it is difficult to determine exactly how many people are atheists in Russia, as many who identify as Orthodox Russian do not participate in any religious practices and are in fact atheists. Those who identified their religious beliefs as "non-affiliated" include Russians who...
Around 10% of the population of Russia identifies as Muslim. Islam was introduced to Russia through Dagestan around the mid-7th century. The central point of Islam's integration in Russia was the Volga region, from which it spread to other parts of the country. Today, Muslim communities in Russia are mainly concentrated in the Volga Region and the North Caucasus, with smaller numbers in St. Petersburg and Moscow. Tatarstan and Bashkortostan are the two major Islamic republics in Russia. The Muslims in Tatarstan are majorly ethnic Muslims, who are direct descendants of the earliest Muslims in Russia, called the Volga Bulgars. There are over 5,000 registered Muslim communities in Russia. However, like Orthodoxy, Islam was suppressed during the Soviet Union, and many mosques were closed down during this time. A large number of Muslims in Russia observe the Sunni branch of Islam while a smaller number are Shia Muslims. In other areas, notably Chechnya, some Muslims adhere to Sufism. A p...
Other than Orthodox Christianity, the other Christian beliefs practiced in Russia include: Protestant Christians, Jehovah’s Witness, the Old Believers, Catholics and Seventh Day Adventists. These groups represent around 2% of the population. A small amount of the population of Russia adheres to the Catholic Church. The aforementioned religious groups have minimal influence in Russia.
In recent years, the Russian government has come under fire from international whistleblowers for failing to respect religious freedom. Although the constitution of Russia calls for freedom of religion, many argue that this is stipulation that goes unfollowed. Acts of religious extremism are generally frowned upon in Russia, and the Russian Orthodox Church has been called the "un-official" church of the state.
2015 data released by the PEW Research Centershowed interesting predictions for trends in religious beliefs in Russia. While non-affiliation in Russia is predicted to shrink in population, followers of Islam and Hinduism are predicted to grow in the future. Interestingly, the population of those who follow Russian Orthodoxy are predicted to shrink in population, from around 100 million today to 88 million in 2050. One possible reason for this could be the fact that Russia is one of the world's countries that actually has a shrinking population, which is determined by a low birth date and a relatively short life expectancy, among other factors.
Islam in Russia Russia's second most popular religion is Islam. It's thought the country is home to around 20 million Muslims, making up 10 to 16 per cent of Russia's population. Almost all Russian Muslims are Sunnis but there are small pockets of Shiites in the Caucasus.
Religion plays a prominent role in the public and spiritual life of todays Russia. The majority of believers belong to the Orthodox Christian denomination. Russia adopted Christianity under Prince Vladimir of Kiev in 988, in a ceremony patterned on Byzantine rites. Russias baptism laid the foundations for the rise of the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1990, a series of laws were passed on the freedom of religion, under which many of the existing restrictions were removed from religious communities, allowing them to step up their activities. The majority of religious Russians are Christians. The country has over 5,000 Russian Orthodox churches. Many are built anew or under repair on parish and local budgets money. Buddhism is widespread in Buryatia, Kalmykia, Tuva, and the Irkutsk and Chits regions. The Russian Federation currently has ten datsan monasteries, with the total monastic body approaching 200. Another ten monasteries are under construction. The Russian Federation has 42 Jewish communities. Moscow accounts for over 10 per cent of Russian Jews, and has three synagogues, one of which is Hasidic.
In 1448, the Council of the Russian higher clergy elevated Bishop Iona of Ryazan to the cathedra of the Metropolitan of Moscow and All Russia, independently of Constantinople, making the Russian Orthodox Church autocephalous.
A patriarchal throne in Moscow was instituted in 1589, with the first Russian patriarch, Iov (Job), enthroned on January 26.
Nikon, the Patriarch of Moscow and Russia (1652-1658), stands out among the hierarchs of the patriarchal period for his vigorous attempts to modify church rites and amend the church service books in line with the service practised in Greek churches. His reforms led to a religious split and emergence of the so-called Old Belief.
The patriarchate survived in Russia until the early 18th century. In 1718, Peter the Great introduced collective control in the Russian Church. This innovation worked until 1721 only, when the Ecclesiastical College was transformed into a ruling Holy Synod, instituted as an administrative body of church power of the Russian Orthodox Church. In 1917, the Local Council of the Russian Orthodox Church adopted a resolution that restored patriarchal rule.
After the 1917 upheavals, the Russian Orthodox Church has traversed a hard and tragic road. The early years of the Soviet regime were particularly trying for it. The Land Decree of October 26, 1917, deprived the Church of the bulk of its lands. The worst hit were the monasteries. In its another decree, made public on January 26, 1918, the Council of Peoples Commissars (the government) separated the church from the state and school. As a result, all church organizations lost the powers of legal entity and the right to own property. To have the decree put into effect, a special liquidation committee was set up to evict the monks from their monasteries, many of which were destroyed, not without acts of vandalism, in which church utensils and bells were melted down and shrines containing relics were broken open. In the late 1980s, with attempts launched to restructure the countrys economic and political system, major changes were made in the relationship between the state and the Church in the hope of revival. The millennium of Christianity in Russia in 1988 was celebrated on a grand scale. In that year, 1,610 new religious communities, most of them of the Orthodox belief, were registered in the country.
With nearly 5,000 religious associations the Russian Orthodox Church accounts for over a half of the total number registered in Russia. Next in numbers come Moslem associations, about 3,000, Baptists, 450, Seventh Day Adventists, 120, Evangelicals, 120, Old Believers, over 200, Roman Catholics, 200, Krishnaites, 68, Buddhists, 80, Judaists, 50, and Unified Evangelical Lutherans, 39.
Many churches and monasteries have been returned to the Church, including the St. Daniel Monastery, the current seat of the Moscow Patriarchate, the spiritual and administrative center of the Russian Orthodox Church.
Some statisticians estimate the percentage of believers at 40 per cent of the entire Russian Federation. Close to 9,000 communities belonging to over forty confessions had been officially registered in the country. Russia had 150 Roman Catholic parishes, two theological seminaries and an academy before the revolution of 1917. All were suppressed in the Soviet years, and the believers -- ethnic Lithuanians, Poles and Gennans -- were banished and seattered about Siberia and Central Asia. 83 communities have reappeared by now, and Apostolic Administrations linked to the Vatican have been established in Moscow for European Russia, and in Novosibirsk for Siberia. There are four bishops and 165 priests working among the approximately 1,300,000 Catholics in the country. The theological seminary, Mary Oueen of the Apostles, opened in Moscow in 1993 and was transferred to St. Petersburg in 1995. The two million Protestants have 1,150 communities. The nineteen million Muslims, the second largest religious community in Russia, have over 800 parishes and mosques, mostly in Bashkortostan, Daghestan, Kabarda-Balkaria, North Ossetia, Tatarstan, Ingushetia, and Chechnya. The Muslim Board for Central European region has been re-established. The Moscow Muftiyat, an independent ecclesiastical body, is responsible for the Moscow, Vladimir, Ivanovo, Kostroma, Tula, Tver, Nizhny Novgorod, Kaluga, Yaroslavl and Kaliningrad regions, and Sochi, the renowned seaside resort in the Krasnodar Territory.
Among the several more ambitious projects is the Cathedral of Our Lady of Kazan, erected in Red Square to commemorate the liberation of Moscow by Minin and Pozharskys militia, pulled down in 1936, and recently rebuilt from scratch. The Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, demolished in 1931, is restored. Patriarch Alexis II described its rebirth as \\"a sublime act of piety and penitence\\".
In the 10th century, Prince Vladimir I, who was converted by missionaries from Byzantium, embraced Christianity as the official Russian religion. For approximately 1,000 years thereafter, Russian Orthodoxy became the country's primary denomination.
Mar 16, 2020 · Furthermore, the ruling pronounced that the “property of the liquidated religious organization remaining once creditors’ demands have been satisfied” to be turned over to the Russian Federation....
When the newly independent Russian Federation adopted a new constitution in 1993, it affirmed the equality of all religions before the law, as well as the secular nature of the state. By 1997,...
The country's predominate religion is the Russian Orthodox Church. The government gives preferential treatment to this group in the belief that it increases social cohesiveness. Unfortunately, this policy has negative effects on minority faith groups. There is a strong anti-cult movement in Russia that is opposed to "religious extremism" and ...
Jul 19, 2017 · The Russian government also has the legal authority to liquidate any property held by Jehovah's Witnesses as an organization. There are over eight million Jehovah's Witnesses in 240 countries...
- related to: russian federation religion