Scandinavia (/ ˌ s k æ n d ɪ ˈ n eɪ v i ə / SKAN-di-NAY-vee-ə) is a subregion in Northern Europe, with strong historical, cultural, and linguistic ties.. In English usage, Scandinavia can refer to Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, sometimes more narrowly to the Scandinavian Peninsula, or more broadly to include the Åland Islands, the Faroe Islands, Finland, and Iceland.
- Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Sometimes also:, Åland Islands, Faroe Islands, Finland, Iceland, Nordic territories that are not part of Scandinavia:, Bouvet Island, Greenland, Jan Mayen, Svalbard
- .dk, .no, .se, .ax, .fi, .fo, .gl, .is, .sj
People. Scandinavians or North Germanic peoples, the most common name for modern North Germanic peoples. Scandinavians, any citizen of the countries of Scandinavia. Scandinavians, ethnic groups originating in Scandinavia, irrespective of ethnolinguistic affiliation.
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- Scandinavians in Fiction and Theater
The most famous group of Scandinavians is the Vikings of the Middle Ages. The Vikings attacked and raided but they were also traders, traveling to the Ukraine and starting trade routes to the Middle East. Vikings from Norway were explorers, crossing the North Atlantic in their longships. They came to Iceland and Greenland and built towns and farms there. The Norwegian explorers also came to the east coast of Canada, where they set up at least one settlement, but it did not last into modern times. The Vikings from Denmark came to England, where they affected the history and politics and even the English language. Danish raiders attacked England many times with great violence. Sometimes the Danes would ask that the English pay them to go away. These payments were called "Danegeld" (Danish gold). The priests and bishops of churches on the east coast of England wrote a famous prayer: "deliver us, O Lord, from the wrath of the Norsemen!" "Norsemen" is another way to say "men from the nor...
Much later, in the 19th century (1800s), Richard Wagner and other artists in the Romantic period made operas and other artwork about ancient Germanic culture. They liked the Vikings because they were not Greeks or Romans. They were the first to have the idea of Vikings wearing helmets with wings or horns on them and drinking out of hollowed-out animal horns. Some ancient Germans wore helmets with horns on them, but real Vikings did not. Wagner and his partners deliberately dressed the actors in the opera Ring des Nibelungenso they would look like ancient Germans and so the audience would feel like modern Germans came from medieval Vikings.
During the 10th through 13th centuries, when the Christian religion spread through Scandiavia, modern countries started to form there. They came together into three kingdoms: 1. Denmark 2. Sweden 3. Norway These three Scandinavian kingdoms made the Kalmar Union in 1387 under Queen Margaret I of Denmark. However, in 1523, Sweden left the union. Because of this, civil war broke out in Denmark and Norway. Then, the Protestant Reformationhappened, and Catholic and Protestant Christians fought each other. After things settled, the Norwegian Privy Council was abolished: it assembled for the last time in 1537. Denmark and Norway formed another union in 1536, and it lasted until 1814. It turned into the three modern countries Denmark, Norway and Iceland. The borders between Denmark, Sweden and Norway came to the shape they have today in the middle of the seventeenth century: In the 1645 Treaty of Brömsebro, Denmark–Norway gave some territory to Sweden: the Norwegian provinces of Jämtland, H...
Scandinavia refers typically to the cultural and linguistic group formed by Denmark, Norway and Sweden, or the Scandinavian Peninsula, which is formed by mainland Norway and Sweden as well as the northwesternmost part of Finland. Outside of the Nordic region the term Scandinavia is sometimes used as a synonym for the Nordic countries.
- Who Are The Scandinavians This Article Is About?
- Move Discussion in Progress
- The Sámi and Finns Are Peoples of Their Own
- Issues and Suggested Solutions
you should include the finns in the list 1. Yes, I found it rather confusing as clicking on "Nordic" results on a page that has Finland listed? mwe184.108.40.206 (talk) 19:04, 16 December 2008 (UTC) Finns are not Scandinavians. Their language is totally unrelated to Scandinavian. Lindatavlov (talk) 06:05, 14 March 2009 (UTC) 1. Wrong, they are, since scandinavian is merely a geo expression, not an ethno-linguistic one. The Ogre (talk) 16:28, 28 March 2009 (UTC) 1. 1.1. If you have no knowledge of Scandinavia, I advise you to stay out of this discussion. Scandinavia is not "merely a geo expression", it's a cultural, linguistic and ethnic region. The Scandinavians are an ethnic group in the same way as Germans in Germany, Austria and other ethnically German nations. They have common ancestors, a common language (in Scandinavia it's a dialect continuum in the same way as German), common culture, religion and every other aspect that constitutes an ethnic group. There has been a Scandinav...
Perhaps a map more akin to http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nordiska_spr%C3%A5k.PNG would be more appropriate. The current one (Scandinavia_location_map_definitions.PNG) deals with geography, not ethnicity. There would be no need for different colours for different countries though. I don't know if there are any areas to the north with Sami majorities but they should be discluded. Pollodiablowiki (talk) 04:57, 20 February 2010 (UTC)
I think this article is confusing and possibly NPOV, by not having a good definition of what it is about. The article says: 1. "Scandinavians are a group of Germanic peoples, inhabiting Scandinavia, which includes Danes, Norwegians and Swedes. [...] Scandinavians were known as Norsemen during the Middle Ages. [...] Scandinavians may in a modern context also be used to refer to the inhabitants of the three Scandinavian countries" This is how the subject is defined. Now, "a group" seems to mean a subset of the population. Then we have to sets of statistics, where seemingly all population of Finland is counted in one of them, and an approximate number of Swedish speakers in the other. For Sweden the numbers are the same in both sets. For USA and Australia we have a sum of people with some of the main ancestors from a Scandinavian country. It seems people with a Swedish mother and a Norwegian father are counted twice (regardless of ethnic background or ethnic identity). Here obviously d...
There is a move discussion in progress on Talk:North Germanic peoples which affects this page. Please participate on that page and not in this talk page section. Thank you. —RMCD bot18:18, 1 September 2018 (UTC)
The inclusion of the Sámi and Finns here is not only wrong and insensitive, but colonialist, outdated and racist. The reason that we have a separate article on the Sámi people, defined as "an indigenous Finno-Ugric people inhabiting Sápmi, which today encompasses large northern parts of Norway and Sweden, northern parts of Finland, and the Kola Peninsula within the Murmansk Oblast of Russia," is precisely because they are a people of their own, and not part of the Scandinavian ethnolinguistic group (also sometimes referred to as North Germanic in specialist scholarly usage). The Sámi living (mostly in the periphery of) what is now called Scandinavia were in the past the victims of a policy of forced assimilation whereby they were forced to speak Scandinavian languages and which sought to destroy their own culture; the inclusion of them as Scandinavians is a legacy of that policy, and not recognised by anyone today. The same goes for the Finns. As it was pointed out above in the disc...
This article reads like a dictionary entry. It speaks volumes that virtually all sources used in this article are from dictionaries. Pay in mind that Wikipedia is not a dictionary. Out of the various "Scandinavian" concepts mentioned here, the only one notable enough to have its own article is North Germanic peoples. We do not have separate articles for inhabitants of Africa, the Americas or other important regions of the world. I fail to see then how the inhabitants of the region of Scandinavia, which isn't even clearly defined, is notable. I suggest that the content of this article be merged into a section on demographics at the Scandinavia article, and to make this article a redirect to North Germanic peoples, per WP:PRIMARYTOPIC. Krakkos (talk) 08:38, 12 December 2019 (UTC) 1. 1.1. These are sensible points, and perhaps it would be good to get rid of this troublesome article (and redirect to Scandinavia). As it stands, I think we should think of it basically as being a disambigu...
Sápmi (and corresponding terms in other Sami languages) refers to both the Sami land and the Sami people. The word "Sámi" is the accusative-genitive form of the noun "Sápmi"—making the name's ( Sámi olbmot) meaning "people of Sápmi". The origin of the word is speculated to be related to the Baltic word *žēmē, meaning "land".