- related to: secondary and primary sources definition
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- A primary source gives you direct access to the subject of your research. Secondary sources provide second-hand information and commentary from other researchers. Examples include journal articles, reviews, and academic books. A secondary source describes, interprets, or synthesizes primary sources. Primary sources are more credible as evidence, but good research uses both primary and secondary sources.
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Sep 29, 2021 · Secondary sources analyze a scholarly question and often use primary sources as evidence. Secondary sources include books and articles about a topic. They may include lists of sources, i.e. bibliographies, that may lead you to other primary or secondary sources. Databases help you identify articles in scholarly journals or books on a particular topic.
- Erika Bailey
- What Is A Primary Source?
- What Is A Secondary Source?
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A primary source is anything that gives you direct evidence about the people, events, or phenomena that you are researching. Primary sources will usually be the main objects of your analysis. If you are researching the past, you cannot directly access it yourself, so you need primary sources that were produced at the time by participants or witnesses (e.g. letters, photographs, newspapers). If you are researching something current, your primary sources can either be qualitative or quantitative datathat you collect yourself (e.g. through interviews, surveys, experiments) or sources produced by people directly involved in the topic (e.g. official documents or media texts).
A secondary source is anything that describes, interprets, evaluates, or analyzes information from primary sources. Common examples include: 1. Books, articles and documentariesthat synthesize information on a topic 2. Synopses and descriptionsof artistic works 3. Encyclopedias and textbooksthat summarize information and ideas 4. Reviews and essaysthat evaluate or interpret something When you cite a secondary source, it’s usually not to analyze it directly. Instead, you’ll probably test its arguments against new evidence or use its ideas to help formulate your own.
Examples of sources that can be primary or secondary
A secondary source can become a primary source depending on your research question. If the person, context, or technique that produced the source is the main focus of your research, it becomes a primary source.
To determine if something can be used as a primary or secondary source in your research, there are some simple questions you can ask yourself: 1. Does this source come from someone directly involved in the events I’m studying (primary) or from another researcher (secondary)? 2. Am I interested in analyzing the source itself (primary) or only using it for background information (secondary)? 3. Does the source provide original information (primary) or does it comment upon information from other sources (secondary)?
Most research uses both primary and secondary sources. They complement each other to help you build a convincing argument. Primary sources are more credibleas evidence, but secondary sources show how your work relates to existing research.
- Court recordsLegal textsGovernment documents
Aug 17, 2021 · eyewitness new reports*. *Newspaper articles that report on a recent event can be primary sources, but articles that rehash previous events are not primary sources, unless they add new information to the story. Secondary sources offer an analysis or a restatement of an event or discovery described in primary sources.
- Emily Newberry
Jul 18, 2019 · Secondary sources are interpretations and analyses based on primary sources. For example, an autobiography is a primary source while a biography is a secondary source. Typical secondary sources include: Scholarly Journal Articles. Use these and books exclusively for writing Literature Reviews.
- Clement Ho
Feb 25, 2016 · When it comes to research and inquiry, there are two types of sources: primary sources and secondary sources. Primary sources are first-hand accounts of a topic while secondary sources are any account of something that is not a primary source. Published research, newspaper articles, and other media are typical secondary sources.