Serbia is a developing country, with an upper-middle income economy, ranks 64th in the Human Development Index. It is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic, and is a member of the UN, CoE, OSCE, PfP, BSEC, CEFTA, AIIB, and is acceding to the WTO.
Serbia gained its autonomy from the Ottoman Empire in two uprisings in 1804 (led by Đorđe Petrović – Karađorđe) and 1815 (led by Miloš Obrenović ), although Turkish troops continued to garrison the capital, Belgrade, until 1867. In 1817 the Principality of Serbia was granted de facto independence from the Ottoman Empire.
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The oldest form of writing comes from an ancient civilization which inhabited Serbia called the Vinča culture and the symbols are called the Vinča script. Serbia is also home to the earliest known copper smelting sites and the birth of the Copper Age which lead humanity out of the Stone Age and into regular use of metallurgy.The same culture contains the earliest evidence of tin alloy bronze which replaced the much weaker arsenic bronze.
Serbia is found in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain. The Danube passes through Serbia. The Šar Mountains of Kosovo form the border with Albania. Over 31% of Serbia is covered by forest. National parks take up 10% of the country's territory. Serbia has 5 national parks and 22 nature reserves.
Serbia is on the Vardar-Morava Flyway of bird migration, so many birds fly across Serbia when going to Africa and back. Golden Eagle, Nutcracker and Coal Tit live high in the mountains. Nightingale, Chaffinch and Greater Spotted Woodpecker live in the forests in the hills. Saker Falcon, Whinchat and Quail live in steppe and fields in the northern lowland part of Serbia which is called Vojvodina. Syrian Woodpecker, Common Redstart and Collared Dove live in the orchards and farmyards. Black Redstart, Kestrel and Common Swift live in the city center. Hooded Crow lives everywhere. The town of Kikinda is known for Long-eared Owls that form flocks in trees at the city squares. Tourists come from other countries to see them. In winter you can see Pygmy Cormorants in Belgrade, at the rivers Sava and Danube.
Serbia is classed as an upper-middle income economy. The major processed vegetable crops in Serbia are potatoes, tomatoes and pepper. Serbia is one of the biggest world producers and exporters of raspberries.They are a leading exporter of frozen fruit. There are five international airports in Serbia: Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Niš Constantine the Great Airport, Morava International Airport, Vršac International Airport and Pristina International Airport. 89% of households in Serbia have fixed telephone lines. There are over 9.60 million cell-phones users. This is larger than the number of the total population of Serbia itself by 30%.
Serbia has a total of eight sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list: The Early Medieval capital Stari Ras and the 13th-century monastery Sopoćani, and the 12th-century monastery Studenica, and the endangered Medieval Monuments in Kosovo group, comprising the monasteries of Visoki Dečani, Our Lady of Ljeviš, Gračanica and Patriarchate of Peć (former seat of the Serbian Church, mausoleum of Serbian royalty) and finally the Roman estate of Gamzigrad–Felix Romuliana. There are two literary memorials on UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme: The 12th-century Miroslav Gospel, and scientist Nikola Tesla's valuable archive. The most prominent museum in Serbia is the National Museum of Serbia. It was founded in 1844. It houses a collection of more than 400,000 exhibits, over 5,600 paintings and 8,400 drawings and prints, and includes many foreign masterpiece collections, including Miroslav Gospel. The official language, Serbian, is written in both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. Composer...Runciman, Steven (1968). The Great Church in Captivity: A Study of the Patriarchate of Constantinople from the Eve of the Turkish Conquest to the Greek War of Independence (1. ed.). Cambridge: Camb...Kia, Mehrdad (2011). Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
The Kingdom of Serbia was a country located in the Balkans which was created when the ruler of the Principality of Serbia, Milan I, was proclaimed king in 1882. Since 1817, the Principality was ruled by the Obrenović dynasty. The Principality, suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, de facto achieved full independence when the last Ottoman troops left Belgrade in 1867. The Congress of Berlin in 1878 recognized the formal independence of the Principality of Serbia, and in its composition Nišava...
The Principality of Serbia was a state in the Balkans that came into existence as a result of the Serbian revolution which lasted between 1804 and 1817. Despite brutal oppression and retaliation by the Ottoman authorities, the revolutionary leaders, first Karađorđe and ...
The Serbo-Bulgarian War erupted on November 14, 1885, and lasted until November 28 of the same year. The war ended in defeat for Serbia, as it had failed to capture the Slivnitsa region which it had set out to achieve. Bulgarians successfully repelled the Serbs after the decisive
Negotiations between Russia, Serbia and Bulgaria led to the Serbian-Bulgarian Treaty of Alliance of March 1912, which aimed to conquer and to divide the Ottoman held Macedonia. In May, a Serbian-Greek alliance was reached and in October 1912, a Serbia-Montenegro alliance was sign
In 1888 People's Radical Party led by Sava Grujić and Nikola Pašić came to power and a new constitution, based on the liberal Constitution of Belgium was introduced. The lost war and the Radical Party's total electoral victory were some of the reasons why King Milan I abdicated in 1889. His son Alexander I assumed the throne in 1893 and in 1894 dismissed the constitution. Jews from modern-day North Macedonia got their citizen rights after the region became a part of Kingdom of Serbia.
During its existence, the Kingdom was ruled by two dynasties: the House of Obrenović and the House of Karađorđević. King Milan Obrenović ruled from 6 March 1882 to 6 March 1889, when he abdicated the throne. He was succeeded by his son, Aleksandar Obrenović, who ruled from 6 March 1889 to 11 June 1903, when he was killed by a group of officers. The slaughter of the royal couple by the Black Hand shocked Europe. This opened the way for the descendants of Karađorđe, regarded by Serbs ...
Kingdom of Serbia took a part in International Exhibition of Art of 1911, with a number of artists showing their work as a part of the Serbian pavillon, including Marko Murat, Ivan Meštrović, Đorđe Jovanović and other artists.
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Serbia este o țară cu un bogat ecosistem și o bogată diversitate a speciilor — deși acoperă doar 1,9% din întregul teritoriu european, în Serbia trăiește 39% din flora vasculară europeană, 51% din fauna piscicolă europeană, 40% din speciile de reptile și amfibieni din Europa, 74% din speciile de păsări, 67% din cele de mamifere.
The COVID-19 pandemic in Serbia is a current outbreak of the disease COVID-19 in Serbia caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2.Its first case in Serbia was reported on 6 March 2020, and confirmed by Minister of Health Zlatibor Lončar, the case was a 43-year-old man from Bačka Topola who had travelled to Budapest.
- Gjeografia E Sebisë
- Lidhje të Jashtme
Pas Luftës në Kosovësme kapitullimin e grupeve të armatosura kriminale serbe të vetëquajtura Armata Popullore e Jugosllavisë në hapësirën e Kosovës dhe me nënshkrimin e Marrëveshjes Teknike, këto trupat dhe banda serbe detyroheshin të tërhiqeshin na teritori i Kosovës dhe 5 km larg kufirit të saj. Me vizitën e Havier Solanës në Beogradpërfaqësuese politik të këtyre bandave në krye me Koshtunicën, ata kërkuan nga Solana që të ju jepej një kohë prej gjashtë viteve për krijimin e një shoqërie civile funksionale. Për këtë shkak ai ju premtoj që do të gjente një zgjidhje ashtu që nacionalistët serbë të ngiheshin me termin "Serbia" dhe populli Serb i cili kontrollohej dhe mbahej si në mesjetë nga këto forca, gradualisht të mësonte të vërteten. Kjo në praktikë ishte më së e thjeshtë po të mos ishte problemi i trashëgimisë së Republikës Federative Socialiste të Jugosllavisë. Ish-anëtaret tjera të RSF Jugosllavisë të cilat tanimë ishin pranuar si shtete nuk i lejonin kësaj pjese të mbetur të...
Serbia me Vojvodinën ka një pamje e një katërkëndëshit. Pjesa veriore është pjesa e rrafshët dhe e hapur, pjesa qendrore në veri dhe në mes është e ulët, skajet dhe jugu i ka më të ngritura dhe malore. Luginat lumore në drejtim të jugut, sidomos lugina e Moravës së Madhe dhe Jugore, i kanë mundësuar lidhje të mira me Bullgarinë, Maqedoninë e Greqinë, pjesërisht edhe me Kosovën. Lugina e Moravës dhe e Vardarit përbëjnë boshtin kryesor meridional të Ballkanit Qendror, Serbia nuk ka dalje në det.
Në teritotin e Serbisë jetojnë disa popujj, sidomos në Vojvodinë, e cola ka qenë pjesë e Perandorisë Austo-Hungareze dhe në të cilën kanë jetuar hungarezë, austriakë, sllovakë, rumunë, rusinë, kroatë, serbë, malazezë, shqiptarë, etj. Në Serbi përveq serbëve që përbëjnë shumicën, jetojnë edhe shqiptarë (Lugina e Preshevës, Medvegjë, Beograd, e qytete tjera), malazez, boshnjakë (në Sanxhak të Pazarit të Ri), bullgarë, vlleh (Serbia Lindore), romë, etj.Alket Aliu : Ivo Andric, projekti per shfarosjen e shqiptareve
The Serbian Wikipedia is the Serbian-language version of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Created on 16 February 2003, it reached its 100,000th article on 20 November 2009 before getting to another milestone with the 200,000th article on 6 July 2013, and then another milestone with the 500,000th article on 13 January 2018. It currently has 223,604 registered users and more than 647,000 articles, making it the largest Wikipedia written in a South Slavic language and the 20th largest Wikipe
Serbian Wikipedia was created on 16 February 2003 along with the Croatian Wikipedia when both split off from the joint Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia. The main page was translated from English into Serbian on 22 April 2003 by an unknown user with IP address 18.104.22.168, and user Nikola Smolenski finished the translation on 24 May. During September 2003, Smolenski prepared the main page along with creating some basic article stubs. In the October 2003 issue of the Serbian IT magazine Svet kompjutera
The Serbian language uses two alphabets, Cyrillic and Latin. It also has two official accents: Ekavian and Ijekavian. Combining the scripts and accents give four written variants. The Cyrillic-Latin transliteration interface. When the Serbian Wikipedia was founded, it used only the Cyrillic alphabet, and both standard dialects. However, since both alphabets are widely used by Serbian native speakers, an effort began to enable the parallel usage of both Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The first att
Ever since the inaugural meeting on Tuesday, 15 February 2005, members of the Serbian wiki community have been holding regular gatherings. As of September 2013, 253 meetings took place — mostly in Belgrade, with about a dozen taking place in Novi Sad, along with a few in Niš, Pančevo, and Pirot. At first congregating at each other's apartments, bars, restaurants, and public parks, by late 2005 community members began gathering at the Belgrade Youth Center, which provided meeting space ...
- Music of the Middle Ages
- Classical music
- Serbian folk music
- Popular music
Music of Serbia represents the musical heritage of Serbia, both historical and modern. It has a variety of traditional music styles, which are part of the wider Balkan musical tradition, with its own distinctive sound and characteristics.
Church music was performed throughout medieval Serbia by choirs or individual singers. The songs performed at the time were derived from the Octoechos, a collection of religious songs dedicated to Jesus. Composers from this era include nun Jefimija, monks Kir Stefan the Serb, Isaiah the Serb, and Nikola the Serb, who together belong to the "Serbo-Byzantine school". Aside from church music, the medieval era in Serbia included traditional music, about which little is known, and court music. During
Composer and musicologist Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac is considered one of the most important founders of modern Serbian music. Born in 1856, Mokranjac taught music, collected Serbian traditional songs and did the first scholarly research on Serbian music. He was also the director of the first Serbian music school and one of the founders of the Union of Singing Societies. His most famous works are the Song Wreaths, also known as Garlands. During the 19th and 20th centuries numerous bands ...
The ethno genre encompasses both vocal and non-vocal music. Instruments include bagpipes, flutes, horns, trumpets, lutes, psalteries, drums and cymbals such as: Frula, Diple, Gajde, Zurna, Duduk, Tambura, Tamburitza, Gusle, Kaval, Davul, Bouzouki, Tarambuke. Balkanika, Balkanopol
The Serbian folk music is both rural and urban and includes a two-beat dance called kolo, which is a circle dance with almost no movement above the waist, accompanied by instrumental music made most often with an accordion, but also with other instruments: frula, tamburica, or ac
During the 70s Serbian folk music started to use elements from oriental music, distancing from the original sound, style that is titled novokomponovana muzika. Soon many neo-folk singers emerged: Šaban Šaulić, Jašar Ahmedovski, Kemal Malovčić, Mitar Mirić, Nada ...
Pop-folk, colloquially known as turbo-folk, music emerged in the 80s and reached its peak as the 90s subculture during the Yugoslav wars, the breakup of Yugoslavia and the regime of Slobodan Milošević. It contains Serbian folk music as the basis with added elements from ...
Pioneers of pop music in Serbia are considered to have performed before and during the Second World War. At the end of the 1950s schlager singers such as Lola Novaković and Đorđe Marjanović appeared on the music scene, achieving great success. Since then, Serbian pop has ...
As a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, of which Serbia was a part, was far more open to western influences compared to the other socialist states. The western-influenced pop and rock music was socially accepted, the Yugoslav rock scene
Exit is a summer music festival which is held at the Petrovaradin Fortress in the city of Novi Sad, officially proclaimed as the "Best Major European Festival" at the EU Festival Awards. Other festivals include Belgrade Beer Fest in Belgrade, Gitarijada in Zaječar, Nišville in Niš and Guča Trumpet Festival in Guča. In the town of Guča, near the city of Čačak is an annually held brass band festival called Guča trumpet festival in the Dragačevo region of western Serbia with 600,000 ...