Serbia is a country of rich ecosystem and species diversity—covering only 1.9% of the whole European territory, Serbia is home to 39% of European vascular flora, 51% of European fish fauna, 40% of European reptiles and amphibian fauna, 74% of European bird fauna, and 67% European mammal fauna.
Contemporary Serbia comprises the classical regions of Moesia, Pannonia, parts of Dalmatia, Dacia and Macedonia. The northern Serbian city of Sirmium (Sremska Mitrovica) was among the top 4 cities of the late Roman Empire, serving as its capital during the Tetrarchy.
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The oldest form of writing comes from an ancient civilization which inhabited Serbia called the Vinča culture and the symbols are called the Vinča script. Serbia is also home to the earliest known copper smelting sites and the birth of the Copper Age which lead humanity out of the Stone Age and into regular use of metallurgy.The same culture contains the earliest evidence of tin alloy bronze which replaced the much weaker arsenic bronze.
Serbia is found in the Balkan peninsula and the Pannonian Plain. The Danube passes through Serbia. The Šar Mountains of Kosovo form the border with Albania. Over 31% of Serbia is covered by forest. National parks take up 10% of the country's territory. Serbia has 5 national parks and 22 nature reserves.
Serbia is on the Vardar-Morava Flyway of bird migration, so many birds fly across Serbia when going to Africa and back. Golden Eagle, Nutcracker and Coal Tit live high in the mountains. Nightingale, Chaffinch and Greater Spotted Woodpecker live in the forests in the hills. Saker Falcon, Whinchat and Quail live in steppe and fields in the northern lowland part of Serbia which is called Vojvodina. Syrian Woodpecker, Common Redstart and Collared Dove live in the orchards and farmyards. Black Redstart, Kestrel and Common Swift live in the city center. Hooded Crow lives everywhere. The town of Kikinda is known for Long-eared Owls that form flocks in trees at the city squares. Tourists come from other countries to see them. In winter you can see Pygmy Cormorants in Belgrade, at the rivers Sava and Danube.
Serbia is classed as an upper-middle income economy. The major processed vegetable crops in Serbia are potatoes, tomatoes and pepper. Serbia is one of the biggest world producers and exporters of raspberries.They are a leading exporter of frozen fruit. There are five international airports in Serbia: Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, Niš Constantine the Great Airport, Morava International Airport, Vršac International Airport and Pristina International Airport. 89% of households in Serbia have fixed telephone lines. There are over 9.60 million cell-phones users. This is larger than the number of the total population of Serbia itself by 30%.
Serbia has a total of eight sites on the UNESCO World Heritage list: The Early Medieval capital Stari Ras and the 13th-century monastery Sopoćani, and the 12th-century monastery Studenica, and the endangered Medieval Monuments in Kosovo group, comprising the monasteries of Visoki Dečani, Our Lady of Ljeviš, Gračanica and Patriarchate of Peć (former seat of the Serbian Church, mausoleum of Serbian royalty) and finally the Roman estate of Gamzigrad–Felix Romuliana. There are two literary memorials on UNESCO's Memory of the World Programme: The 12th-century Miroslav Gospel, and scientist Nikola Tesla's valuable archive. The most prominent museum in Serbia is the National Museum of Serbia. It was founded in 1844. It houses a collection of more than 400,000 exhibits, over 5,600 paintings and 8,400 drawings and prints, and includes many foreign masterpiece collections, including Miroslav Gospel. The official language, Serbian, is written in both the Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. Composer...Runciman, Steven (1968). The Great Church in Captivity: A Study of the Patriarchate of Constantinople from the Eve of the Turkish Conquest to the Greek War of Independence (1. ed.). Cambridge: Camb...Kia, Mehrdad (2011). Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. Santa Barbara, California: Greenwood Press.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
Serbia (sârbă, cu alfabetul latin pronunție sârbă: /sř̩bija/), oficial Republica Serbia ( sârbă, cu alfabetul latin [repǔblika sř̩bija]), este o țară situată la răscrucea Europei Centrale cu Europa de Sud-Est, în sudul Câmpiei Panonice și în Balcanii centrali.
The Serbian Wikipedia is the Serbian-language version of the free online encyclopedia Wikipedia. Created on 16 February 2003, it reached its 100,000th article on 20 November 2009 before getting to another milestone with the 200,000th article on 6 July 2013, and then another milestone with the 500,000th article on 13 January 2018. It currently has 223,604 registered users and more than 648,000 articles, making it the largest Wikipedia written in a South Slavic language and the 20th largest Wikipe
Serbian Wikipedia was created on 16 February 2003 along with the Croatian Wikipedia when both split off from the joint Serbo-Croatian Wikipedia. The main page was translated from English into Serbian on 22 April 2003 by an unknown user with IP address 126.96.36.199, and user Nikola Smolenski finished the translation on 24 May. During September 2003, Smolenski prepared the main page along with creating some basic article stubs. In the October 2003 issue of the Serbian IT magazine Svet kompjutera
Serbian uses two alphabets, Cyrillic and Latin. It also has two official accents: Ekavian and Ijekavian. Combining the scripts and accents give four written variants. The Cyrillic-Latin transliteration interface. When the Serbian Wikipedia was founded, it used only the Cyrillic alphabet, and both standard dialects. However, since both alphabets are widely used by Serbian native speakers, an effort began to enable the parallel usage of both Cyrillic and Latin alphabets. The first attempt was to u
Ever since the inaugural meeting on Tuesday, 15 February 2005, members of the Serbian wiki community have been holding regular gatherings. As of September 2013, 253 meetings took place — mostly in Belgrade, with about a dozen taking place in Novi Sad, along with a few in Niš, Pančevo, and Pirot. At first congregating at each other's apartments, bars, restaurants, and public parks, by late 2005 community members began gathering at the Belgrade Youth Center, which provided meeting space ...
The COVID-19 pandemic in Serbia is a current outbreak of the disease COVID-19 in Serbia caused by the virus SARS-CoV-2.Its first case in Serbia was reported on 6 March 2020, and confirmed by Minister of Health Zlatibor Lončar, the case was a 43-year-old man from Bačka Topola who had travelled to Budapest.
- Gjeografia E Sebisë
- Lidhje të Jashtme
Pas Luftës në Kosovësme kapitullimin e grupeve të armatosura kriminale serbe të vetëquajtura Armata Popullore e Jugosllavisë në hapësirën e Kosovës dhe me nënshkrimin e Marrëveshjes Teknike, këto trupat dhe banda serbe detyroheshin të tërhiqeshin na teritori i Kosovës dhe 5 km larg kufirit të saj. Me vizitën e Havier Solanës në Beogradpërfaqësuese politik të këtyre bandave në krye me Koshtunicën, ata kërkuan nga Solana që të ju jepej një kohë prej gjashtë viteve për krijimin e një shoqërie civile funksionale. Për këtë shkak ai ju premtoj që do të gjente një zgjidhje ashtu që nacionalistët serbë të ngiheshin me termin "Serbia" dhe populli Serb i cili kontrollohej dhe mbahej si në mesjetë nga këto forca, gradualisht të mësonte të vërteten. Kjo në praktikë ishte më së e thjeshtë po të mos ishte problemi i trashëgimisë së Republikës Federative Socialiste të Jugosllavisë. Ish-anëtaret tjera të RSF Jugosllavisë të cilat tanimë ishin pranuar si shtete nuk i lejonin kësaj pjese të mbetur të...
Serbia me Vojvodinën ka një pamje e një katërkëndëshit. Pjesa veriore është pjesa e rrafshët dhe e hapur, pjesa qendrore në veri dhe në mes është e ulët, skajet dhe jugu i ka më të ngritura dhe malore. Luginat lumore në drejtim të jugut, sidomos lugina e Moravës së Madhe dhe Jugore, i kanë mundësuar lidhje të mira me Bullgarinë, Maqedoninë e Greqinë, pjesërisht edhe me Kosovën. Lugina e Moravës dhe e Vardarit përbëjnë boshtin kryesor meridional të Ballkanit Qendror, Serbia nuk ka dalje në det.
Në teritotin e Serbisë jetojnë disa popujj, sidomos në Vojvodinë, e cola ka qenë pjesë e Perandorisë Austo-Hungareze dhe në të cilën kanë jetuar hungarezë, austriakë, sllovakë, rumunë, rusinë, kroatë, serbë, malazezë, shqiptarë, etj. Në Serbi përveq serbëve që përbëjnë shumicën, jetojnë edhe shqiptarë (Lugina e Preshevës, Medvegjë, Beograd, e qytete tjera), malazez, boshnjakë (në Sanxhak të Pazarit të Ri), bullgarë, vlleh (Serbia Lindore), romë, etj.Alket Aliu : Ivo Andric, projekti per shfarosjen e shqiptareve
Following the dissolution of Serbia and Montenegro, Serbia has played as an independent nation since 2006, and qualified for the World Cup in 2010 and 2018. At both World Cups, Serbia were eliminated at the group stage, but did record their most memorable occasion at the 2010 World Cup, beating bitter rivals Germany 1–0, with Milan Jovanović scoring the winning goal.
- Corporate affairs
Air Serbia is the flag carrier of Serbia. The company's headquarters is located in Belgrade, Serbia, and its main hub is Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport. The airline was formerly known as Jat Airways until it was renamed and rebranded in 2013. In 2021 the company was awarded the Order of Karađorđe's Star.
Air Serbia originated in 1927 when the first Serbian company for civil air transport Aeroput was formed. 1927 was also the year the nation's capital Belgrade became the hub of its operations, with the inauguration of an international airport. Aeroput became the flag carrier of th
In 2003, the country was renamed Serbia and Montenegro, and that same year the company was renamed Jat Airways. In 2006, Montenegro declared independence and Jat Airways became the flag carrier of Serbia. An aging fleet and lack of investment caused the company to become unprofit
Originally, Air Serbia was jointly owned by the Government of Serbia, which held a 51 percent share interest, and Etihad Airways, which owned a 49 percent share interest and management control. On 30 December 2020, Government of Serbia bought up 31% from Etihad, and thus currentl
In May 2014, Air Serbia launched a new charter brand called Aviolet, using a fleet of 3 Boeing 737-300s under Air Serbia's IATA airline code. The majority of Aviolet charter flights are operated during the peak holiday season, which runs from June to September. The first Aviolet-
Air Serbia operates flights to 63 destinations in 32 countries as of May 2020, including its hubs at Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport and Niš Constantine the Great Airport.
Introduced in October 2013, Air Serbia's livery was created by graphic designer Tamara Maksimović. Featuring Serbia's national colours – red, blue and white – the design, with its graphical elements and details, is based on Serbian art in the Middle Ages. The carrier's ...