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  1. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › MamlukMamluk - Wikipedia

    When the Egyptian sultan as-Salih Ayyub died, the power passed briefly to his son al-Muazzam Turanshah and then his favorite wife Shajar al-Durr, a Turk according to most historians, while others say was an Armenian. She took control with Mamluk support and launched a counterattack against the French.

  2. en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Al-KamilAl-Kamil - Wikipedia

    Al-Kamil (Arabic: الكامل) (full name: al-Malik al-Kamil Naser ad-Din Abu al-Ma'ali Muhammad) (c. 1177 – 6 March 1238) was a Muslim ruler and the fourth Ayyubid sultan of Egypt.

  3. Mar 30, 2014 · シャジャル・アッ=ドゥッル (شجر الدر (Shajar al-Durr) ? - 1257年)は、アイユーブ朝の第7代スルタン、サーリフ(1205頃ー1249:位1240-1249)の正夫人。マムルーク朝(マムルークとは奴隷身分出身の軍人をさす)の初代君主(位1250年)となった。