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  1. › wiki › Golden_HordeGolden Horde - Wikipedia

    The name Golden Horde, a partial calque of Russian Золотая Орда (Zolotája Ordá), itself supposedly a partial calque of Turkic Altan Orda, is said to have been inspired by the golden color of the tents the Mongols lived in during wartime, or an actual golden tent used by Batu Khan or by Uzbek Khan, or to have been bestowed by the Slavic tributaries to describe the great wealth of ...

  2. Genghis Khan was a charismatic, inelegant and experienced leader, his sons Jochi, Chagatai, Ogedei and Tolui were competent generals, and he was also served by brilliant generals like Jebe and Subutai, who were adept in employing flexible and innovative tactics.

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    The Kipchaks de­scribed their name as mean­ing 'hol­low tree'; ac­cord­ing to them, in­side a hol­low tree, their orig­i­nal human an­ces­tress gave birth to her son. Németh points to the Siber­ian qıpčaq "angry, quick-tem­pered" at­tested only in the Siber­ian Sağay di­alect. Klyash­torny links Kipchak to qovı, qovuq "un­for­tu­nate, un­lucky"; ye...

    In the Kipchak steppe, a com­plex eth­nic as­sim­i­la­tion and con­sol­i­da­tion process took place be­tween the 11th and 13th centuries. The west­ern Kipchak tribes ab­sorbed peo­ple of Oghuz, Pech­eneg, an­cient Bashkir, Bul­gar and other ori­gin; the east­ern Kipchak merged with the Oghuz-Kimek, Kar­luk, Kara-Khi­tai and oth­ers. They were all i...

    The Kipchaks ap­pear in the 8th-cen­tury Moyun Chur in­scrip­tion as Türk-Qïbchaq, men­tioned as hav­ing been part of the Tur­kic Kha­ganate for fifty years. It is un­clear if the Kipchaks could be iden­ti­fied as the Chueh-Yueh Shih (厥越失; pinyin: juéyuèshī) in Chi­nese sources or, ac­cord­ing to Klyash­torny, the Syr in the Ork­hon in­scrip­tions ...

    The Kipchak–Cuman con­fed­er­a­tion spoke a Tur­kic lan­guage.Mon­go­lian ethno-lin­guis­tic el­e­ments in the Kipchak–Kimek re­main unproven. Kipchaks and Cumans spoke a Tur­kic lan­guage (Kipchak lan­guage, Cuman lan­guage) whose most im­por­tant sur­viv­ing record is the Codex Cuman­i­cus, a late 13th-cen­tury dic­tio­nary of words in Kipchak, C...

    The Kipchaks prac­ticed Shaman­ism. Mus­lim con­ver­sion oc­curred near Is­lamic centres.Some Kipchaks and Cumans were known to have con­verted to Chris­tian­ity around the 11th cen­tury, at the sug­ges­tion of the Geor­gians, as they al­lied in their con­flicts against the Mus­lims. A great num­ber were bap­tized at the re­quest of Geor­gian King ...


    The con­fed­er­a­tion or tribal union which Kipchaks en­tered in the 8th- or be­gin­ning of 9th cen­tury as one of seven orig­i­nal tribes is known in his­to­ri­og­ra­phy as that of the Kimek (or Kimäk). Tur­kic in­scrip­tions do not men­tion the state with that name. 10th-cen­tury Hudud al-'Alam men­tions the "coun­try of Kīmāk", ruled by a kha­gan (king) who has eleven lieu­tenants that hold hered­i­tary fiefs. Fur­ther­more, Andar Az Khifchāq is men­tioned as a coun­try (nāḥiyat) of the Kī...

    Kipchak peoples and languages

    The mod­ern North­west­ern branch of the Tur­kic lan­guage is often re­ferred to as the Kipchak branch. The lan­guages in this branch are mostly con­sid­ered to be de­scen­dants of the Kipchak lan­guage, and the peo­ple who speak them may like­wise be re­ferred to as Kipchak peo­ples. Some of the groups tra­di­tion­ally in­cluded are the Karachays, Siber­ian Tatars, No­gays, Bashkirs, Kaza­khs, Kyr­gyz, Volga Tatars, and Crimean Tatars. There is also a vil­lage named Kipchak in Crimea. Kyp­sh...

    Agajanov, S. G. (1992). "The States of the Oghuz, the Kimek and the Kipchak". History of Civilizations of Central Asia, Volume IV: The Age of Achievement AD 750 to the End of the Fifteenth Century....
    Golden, Peter B. (1990). "The peoples of the south Russian steppes". In Sinor, Denis (ed.). The Cambridge History of Early Inner Asia. Cambridge University Press. pp. 256–284. ISBN 978-0-521-24304-...
    Golden, Peter B. (1992). An Introduction to the History of the Turkic People. Otto Harrassowitz, Wiesbaden.
    Grousset, René (1970). The Empire of the Steppes: A History of Central Asia. Rutgers University Press. ISBN 978-0-8135-1304-1.
    Boswell, A. Bruce. "The Kipchak Turks." The Slavonic Review 6.16 (1927): 68-85.
    Győrfi, Dávid. "Khwarezmian: Mapping the Kipchak component of Pre-Chagatai Turkic." Acta Orientalia 67.4 (2014): 383-406.
    Shanijazov, K. "Early Elements in the Ethnogenesis of the Uzbeks." The Nomadic Alternative: Modes and Models of Interaction in the African-Asian Deserts and Steppes (1978): 147.
  3. › wiki › KypchakKipchaks - Wikipedia

    The Kipchaks, also known as Kipchak Turks, Qipchaqor Polovtsians, were a Turkicnomadic people and confederation that existed in the Middle Ages, inhabiting parts of the Eurasian Steppe.

  4. › wiki › KipciakKipčaki - Wikipedia

    Alcuni kipčaki si spostarono invece in Siberia, mentre altri a ovest durante la migrazione Qun. Alla luce di queste affermazioni, si possono individuare tre gruppi kipčaki: I kipčaki delle steppe pontico-caspiche; I kipčaki del Syr Darya, associati alla dinastia regnante in Corasmia; I kipčaki della Siberia, antenati dei tartari siberiani.

  5. Sighnaq (1469–1511) Saray-Jük (1511–1521) Turkistan(1599–1729) Tashkent(1729–1781) Sighnaq (1521–1599) Official language Kazakh Inception 1465 Dissolved, abolished or demolished date 1847 Population 2,500,000 (1832) Religion Islam Sunni Islam(Hanafi madhhab in Kazakhstan, Hanafi) Replaced by Senior juz Authority control Q1433867

  6. Jotxi (en mongol Зүчи, Züĉi, també transcrit Joci, Jöči, Jöchi, Juchi, Jotchi i altres variacions) (vers 1185-1227) fou el fill gran de Genguis Khan amb la seva dona principal Borte. El fet que fos el seu veritable fill va ser posat en dubte per Genguis Khan, dubte que tindrà un efecte notable en el paper de la descendència de Jotxi ...

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