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The best capital cities to live in South America constitute of Montevideo, Buenos Aires and ...CountryCapitalLanguage/Currency/Time Zone/ Calling ...ArgentinaBuenos AiresThe official language of the nation is ...BoliviaSucreThe official language of the nation is ...BrazilBrasiliaThe official language of the nation is ...ChileSantiagoThe official language of the nation is ...
South American Countries and Capitals List South American Countries and Capitals Major ...S.N.CountryCapital1ArgentinaBuenos Aires2BoliviaLa Paz3BrazilBrasilia4ChileSantiago
All capital cities in South America listed by country. Country. Capital city. A. Argentina. ...CountryCapital cityArgentinaBuenos AiresBoliviaSucre (de jure), La Paz (seat of ...BrazilBrasiliaChileSantiago
- Argentina - Buenos Aires
- Bolivia – Sucre
- Brazil - Brasília
- Chile – Santiago
- Colombia – Bogotá
- Ecuador – Quito
- Guyana – Georgetown
- Paraguay - Asunción
- Peru – Lima
- Suriname – Paramaribo
Buenos Aires is the capital of Argentina. It is one of South America’s most important ports and most populous cities with a population of about 2.9 million. Its formal name is the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, as the city became an autonomous district in 1994. Because it has been a major recipient of millions of immigrants from all over the world, Buenos Aires is known as one of the most diverse cities in the Americas and has been called a “melting pot.”
Sucre, the constitutional capital of Bolivia, is the sixth-most populated city in Bolivia. The capital sits 9,153 feet (2,790) meters above sea level. Once a part of the judicial and military territory of the Viceroyalty of Peru, the city became the capital of Bolivia in 1839 and was renamed after the liberator Antonio José de Sucre. The city still has many of its Spanish colonial architecture and was designated a UNESCO WorldHeritage site in 1991.
Brasília was inaugurated as the federal capital of Brazil in 1960. The capital is Brazil’s fourth-most populous city with over 4.6 million people and has South America’s highest GDP per capita. Known for its modernist architecture and unique urban planning, Brasília was named as a UNESCO World Heritage site and was named “City of Design” by UNESCO in 2017. Brasília is home to all three of Brazil’s branches of government: executive, legislative, and judiciary; as well as 124 foreign embassies.
Santiago is Chile’s capital and largest city, as well as one of the largest cities in the Americas. Santiago’s population is over 6.7 million people. The Chilean executive and judiciary branches of government are located in Santiago; however, Congress meets in Valparaíso nearby. Santiago is considered the cultural, political, and financial center of Chile. Santiago also contains the country’s greatest concentration of industry, including foodstuffs, textiles, clothing, shoes, and copper mining.
Bogotá’s official name is Bogotá, Distrito Capital, or Bogotá D.C. Bogotá has about 7.4 million people and sit at an elevation of 8,660 feet (2,640 meters) above sea level. Bogotá is home to the executive branch, the legislative branch, and the judicial branch of Colombia. The city is known for its economic strength and financial maturity, as well as its attractiveness for global companies. Bogotá is also home to many universities and is an important cultural center.
Quito, formally San Francisco de Quito, is Ecuador’s capital and largest city. Quito sits at an elevation of 9,350 feet (2,850 meters) and has a population of about 1.87 million people. Quito is also the headquarters of the Union of South American Nations. Quito was one of the first UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites, along with Krakow, Poland, declared in 1978. Its historical center is one of the largest and best-preserved in the Americas.
Georgetown is the capital of Guyana and the country’s largest urban center. With a population of 355,000, Georgetown is the only city with a population of more than 50,000 people. The city serves primarily as a retail and administrative center, as well as a financial services center. Georgetown is home to all executive departments, the Parliament Building, and the Court of Appeals. Additionally, the capital is Guyana’s main economic base, containing most of its commerce.
Paraguay’s capital city of Asunción is also the country’s largest city with a population of about 540,000 people. As the oldest city in South America, Asunción is known as “the Mother of Cities.” Asunción is home to Paraguay’s national government and principal port. It is also the country’s chief industrial and cultural center.
Lima is both the capital and the largest city in Peru with a population of over 9 million people. Lima is home to the National University of San Marcos, one of the oldest higher learning institutions in the New World established in 1551. Lima is considered to be Peru’s political, cultural, financial, and commercial center. The city is home to the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Peruvian government and has its own government that functions as a regional government rather than a municipal government.
Paramaribo is the capital of Suriname and the country’s largest city. Paramaribo has a population of over 241,000 people, almost half of Suriname’s population. The inner city of Paramaribo was designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2002. Paramaribo is also the country’s business and financial center, even though the city does not produce significant goods itself, as Suriname’s main exports (gold, rice, oil, tropical wood) are channeled through the capital’s institutions.
Sep 30, 2019 · 3,480,222. Uruguayan peso. Venezuela. Caracas. 31,028,637. Venezuelan bolivar. Showing 1 to 12 of 12 entries. This list of all South American countries by population shows that Brazil is by far the most populated country in South America with over 200 million inhabitants. The small nation of Suriname is the least populated country in South ...
- Buenos Aires, Argentina
- Sucre and La Paz, Bolivia
- Brasilia, Brazil
- Santiago, Chile
- Bogota, Colombia
- Quito, Ecuador
- Georgetown, Guyana
- Lima, Peru
- Paramaribo, Suriname
- Montevideo, Uruguay
Argentina’s capital of Buenos Aireshas a population of approximately 2,891,000 within the urban areas, and the larger metropolitan area has a population of about 14,990,000. Buenos Aires is the largest city in all of Argentina, and the name translates to roughly “good air” or “fair winds”. The predominant language spoken in the city is Spanish, though many other languages are spoken as well. Most of the citizens within the city have European ancestry, coming from places like Piedmont, Calabrian, Andalusia, and Sicily. However, there are also large numbers of people descended from Irish, German, Norwegian, and Polish families. Christianity is the largest religion in the city, and around 70% of the citizens are Roman Catholic. As a port city, Buenos Aires serves as a distribution and receiving center for cargo going to the entire southeastern region of the South American continent. Over 1 million revenue tons are handled by the city’s port annually. The average temperature of the city...
Bolivia can be thought of as having two Capital Cities, one where government activity is based out of, and another de jure capital city. Sucreis the de jure Capital of Bolivia, with a population of approximately 300,000. The city lies a high elevation, over 9200 feet or 2800 m. This high elevation makes the average temperature in the city cool year round. The Supreme Court of Bolivia is located here, and the city has its own executive and legislative branches of government. Sucre is recognized as a world heritage site by UNESCO, and its ancient impressive architecture attracts thousands of tourists every year. Meanwhile,La Pazis the seat of government for Bolivia and the de facto capital of the country. It has a population of approximately 2.3 million people in its metropolitan area, and it is Bolivia’s most populous city. The city is known for its impressive colonial architecture and the fact that it is home to some of Bolivia’s largest football teams. Because of Bolivia’s high-alt...
Brasília is Brazil‘s capital city, as well as the basis for the federal district of government. With a population of approximately 4,292,000 people in the greater metropolitan area, Brasília is estimated to be the third most populous city in Brazil. Brasilia’s climate is a tropical savanna climate, and it has both a dry season which occurs from May to September and a rainy season that happens from October to April. The majority of the city is either Catholic or Protestant in terms of religion, with Catholics making up about 57% of the population and Protestants making up about 27%. Brasília has hosted several major sporting events such as the 2015 FIFA confederations cup, the 2014 FIFA World Cup, and the 2060 Olympic summer games.
Santiago is Chile‘s largest city as well as the capital city, and its population is approximately 310,000. The city is located within the central valley of Chile, and because of its position in a valley, the climate of Chile is fairly warm. The city experiences warm and dry summers with cooler, more humid winters. The hottest summer days can be approximately 35°C or 95°F. Santiago’s economy is a major source of income for the entire country, generating approximately 45% of the entire country’s GDP. Retail is one of Santiago’s major industries, selling various consumer goods. The Gran Torre Santiago, located within the city, is the tallest structure and in all of Latin America. Over 174 national monuments can be found in Santiago, and the many libraries and museums of the city are known for their extravagant architecture.
Bogota has a population of approximately 8,000,000 people within the city itself, and the larger metropolitan area has a population of about 10,200,000. For a brief point in time, Bogota was the capital of an independent nation known as grand Columbia. The El Dorado International Airport is the largest cargo airport in not only Colombiabut all of Latin America. Bogota has a mild, temperate oceanic climate. The average temperature ranges only 6 to 19°C, running between 14.5°C or 50°F and 19°C or 66°F. There are dry seasons and rainy seasons which alternate over the course of the year. Tourism is one of Bogota’s most important industries, with many tourists coming to see the historical center of the city, which is full of landmarks such as the Maloka planetarium.
Quitois both the capital of Ecuador as well as its largest city, and at an elevation of 2850 m, it is the second highest capital city in the world, the highest being La Paz. The city has a population of around 3,100,000. Rings of volcanoes and mountains surround the city, and the city has a subtropical highland climate with an average temperature of about 21.4°C or 70.5°F. The Historic Centre of Quito is the best preserved historic site in both of the Americas. The major economic operations for the city are the production of crops like coffee, cacao, rice, palm oil, bananas, and sugar. Metals and textiles are also important industries.
Georgetownis the capital city of Guyana, with a relatively small population of 200,000 people or so. Georgetown is set in a tropical rain forest, and the months of May, June, August, and December to January are typically the rainiest months for the city. There are more than 60 mm or 2.4 inches of rain in all 12 months of the year, and therefore the city doesn’t really have a dry season. Notable landmarks in the city include the St. George’s Anglican Cathedral and Stabroek Market. The city began as a British colony at the mouth of the Demerara River, though it was French colonizers who declared it the capital city of the territory in 1782. Georgetown is an ethnically diverse city with about 53% of the population listing themselves as black or African and 24% listing themselves as mixed, while another 20% described themselves as East Indian.
Peru‘s capital ofLimais located in a valley where three different rivers converge with one another. The Lima metropolitan area is comprised of both Lima and the seaport of Callao, and the metro area has a population of about 12,140,000 people. Lima suffered a major earthquake in 1940 which destroyed much of the city, but Lima recovered and rapidly expanded, growing by over 7 million people within the past three decades. Lima has a fairly consistent climate with temperatures that rarely rise above 29°C or 84°F or sink below 12°C and 54°F. Lima is home to many famous museums and other cultural landmarks such as the Museum of Italian art and the historic center of Lima, which is a world heritage site.
Paramaribois Suriname’s capital city, located on the banks of the Suriname River and home to about 241,000 people. The city has a tropical rain forest climate with a temperature that rarely rises above 30°C or 86°F. The city likely derives its name from a native village – Parmirbo – which was used as the location of a Dutch settlement in 1613. The city has remained Suriname’s capital from the colonial era to the country’s independence in 1975 and onwards.
Montevideohas a population of about 1,948,000 people in the metropolitan area. It is located on the southern coast of Uruguay, along the Rio de la Plata river’s Northern bank. The city has a humid subtropical climate with hot, rainy summers and cooler, somewhat drier winters. The architecture of the city mixes classical architecture with a postmodern architectural style for the newer trade buildings downtown. Families of European and African origins predominate through the city, with African descendants coming from a long period of slavery in the 1800s. The 20th century saw many immigrants from European countries.
Map of South America with countries and capitals Click to see large. Description: This map shows governmental boundaries, countries and their capitals in South ...
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