Southern hip hop, also known as Southern rap, South Coast hip hop, or dirty south, is a blanket term for a regional genre of American hip hop music that emerged in the Southern United States and the Southeastern United States, especially in Atlanta, New Orleans, Houston, Memphis, and Miami—five cities which constitute the "Southern Network" in rap music.
In the 1980s, cities throughout the Southern United States began to catch on to the hip hop music movement. The Geto Boys, a hip hop group from Houston, were among the first hip hop artists from the Southern United States to gain widespread popularity. Southern hip hop's roots can be traced to the success of Geto Boys' Grip It!
May 05, 2021 · The Birth of Southern Hip Hop Though there were certainly smaller artists cropping up in cities like Atlanta, New Orleans, and Miami, the first well-known southern hip hop group was The Geto Boys,...
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May 03, 2011 · A History Of Southern Hip-Hop, From Lil Wayne To Gucci Mane. Zack O'Malley Greenburg ... southern hip-hop is a worthwhile and vital sound that has helped to bring the broader genre to a wider ...
- Zack O'malley Greenburg
- Origins of Hip Hop
- The 4 Main Elements of Hip Hop Music
- Old School Hip Hop
- New School Hip Hop
- Hip Hop in The 21st Century
- Major Moments in Hip Hop History
- What's Next?
Hip hop (or hip-hop, the two can be used interchangeably) began as a culture and art movement in the Bronx,where demographics were rapidly shifting in the early 1970s. During the 1950s and 60s, many white, middle-class people left the cities to move to the suburbs. The African Americans and Latino Americans that were left behind in cities (or who moved to the cities in the intervening years) encountered many challenges in their neighborhoods, as budgets were slashed and resources diverted to the wealthier, whiter communities. Faced with a lack of economic opportunity, as well as rising crime and poverty rates, the young people in the Bronx and nearby communities began creating their own kinds of cultural expressions.These forms of expression would come together to form the four pillars of hip hop.
Most scholars agree that there are four main elements, or pillars, to hip hop music.These pillars originated in the 1970s and continue to represent hip hop culture today: 1. Deejaying: making music using record players, turntables, and DJ mixers 2. Rapping: rhythmic vocal rhyming style 3. Graffiti painting: also known as “graf” or “writing” 4. Break dancing: a form of dance that also encompasses an overall attitude and style All four of these elements remain signifiers of hip hop as a larger cultural movement. Hip hop is typically broken into three phases: old school, new school, and 21st century.
Old school hip hop typically dates from the origination of the movement in the early 1970s up until the mid-1980s. The first major hip hop deejay was DJ Kool Herc. Mixing percussive beats with popular dance songs, Kool Herc was instrumental in developing the sounds that became synonymous with hip hop, such as drum beats and record scratches. Influenced by Kool Herc and his peers, hip hop deejays developed new turntable techniques, like needle dropping and scratching.Kool Herc also popularized rapping,which drew upon the traditions of West African griots, talking blues songs, and black power poetry, among others. Towards the end of the old school hip hop era, the movement began to gain national recognition.The Sugarhill Gang’s song “Rapper’s Delight” (released in 1979) rocketed up the national music charts, ushering in a new wave of musicians, artists, and performers, while also introducing people around the world to this new type of music.
By the mid-1980s, hip hop had firmly entered its new school era. The names that headed up hip hop’s new school are more recognizable to a contemporary audience: Run-D.M.C, LL Cool J, the Beastie Boys, and Public Enemy.Each of these artists is responsible for making hip hop what we know today. Run-D.M.C brought hip hop to a larger audience through performances on MTV. The Beastie Boys pushed deejaying further with their digital sampling. LL Cool J and Public Enemy pushed rap in new directions: LL Cool J by bringing romantic themes into hip hop and Public Enemy by using rap to push forward political ideology. Other artists that came of age during hip hop’s new school era include Queen Latifah, who, along with Salt-n-Pepa,brought women into the genre,the Fresh Prince, aka, Will Smith, and M.C. Hammer, all of whom popularized hip hop music even more. As hip hop grew in popularity, it expanded beyond its regional roots, too.In 1989, N.W.A’s Straight Outta Compton became the most prominen...
The 21st century was a tough time for the music industry.The advent of streaming services affected all genres, including hip hop. Despite the monetary effects of the shift in music delivery, hip hop retains its prominence, influencing musicians of all genres. Over the last decade or so, hip hop has moved further from its East and West coast roots. New epicenters for the genre have emerged in New Orleans, Atlanta, Houston, and Detroit, as well as in other cities throughout the United States. Building off of the original four pillars that defined the genre, hip hop artists touch every part of American culture,from dance (think Beyonce’s show-stopping productions) to fashion (where artists like Kanye West have launched lines) to politics (Barack Obama referenced Jay Z several times during his 2008 campaign). While the future of the music industry remains uncertain, one thing’s for sure: hip hop is here to stay.
Throughout hip hop’s history there have been major moments, from the first time a drummer used a break beat on a record to the first time a hip hop album went platinum. Here are some of the major moments in hip hop history.
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Feb 05, 2018 · Southern rap has been in existence since the early days of hip-hop. However, Scarface and his seminal rap crew The Geto Boys are often acknowledged for paving the way with their 1989 debut Grip It! On That Other Level.
Aug 03, 2020 · In the '90s and early 2000s, when the Source was held as the bible for all things hip-hop, only two Southern artists ever received the coveted 5 Mic rating — OutKast, for Aquemini, and Scarface ...
- Briana Younger
Nov 13, 2019 · One of the most influential hip hop pioneers was DJ Kool Herc, a Jamaican immigrant regarded as the founding father of hip hop. Kool Herc made history in 1973 when he and his sister hosted the “Back to School Jam” in the recreation room of their Bronx apartment building at 1520 Sedgwick Avenue.
Hip Hop timeline and history information on the beginnings of hip hop culture to 2001. This collection of historic hip hop facts that helped shape the culture as we know it today.
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