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  1. The modern Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters: twenty consonants ( б , в , г , д , ж , з , к , л , м , н , п , р , с , т , ф , х , ц , ч , ш , щ ), ten vowels ( а , е , ё , и , о , у , ы , э , ю , я ), a semivowel / consonant ( й ), and two modifier letters or "signs" ( ь , ъ ) that alter pronunciation of a preceding consonant or a following vowel.

    • Cyrillic
    • Alphabet
  2. Known records of the Russian language by foreign travelers include a French dictionary-phrasebook of the 16th century in the Latin alphabet and a dictionary-diary of Richard James, mostly in Latin graphics (influenced by the orthography of various Western European languages), but interspersed with letters of the Greek and Russian alphabets.

    • Standard Russian
    • Names
    • Grammar

    Standard Russian is also called modern literary Russian (Современный русский литературный язык). It first appeared at the beginning of the 18th century. Peter the Great was then working to make the state more modern. Standard Russian grew out of the dialect of Russian that was spoken by people in and around Moscow. In some ways, Standard Russian wa...

    In Russian, a person's name has three parts: the first name, the second name and the family name. Parents choose the first name for their child. Some common Russian names for boys are Ivan, Vladimir, Mikhail and Nikolai. Some common Russian names for girls are Anna, Anastasia, Svetlana and Yekaterina. The second name is the patronymic (Russian: otc...

    Case

    Like Latin, Greek, and German, Russian has a case system. In Russian, it applies to nouns, pronouns, adjectives, numerals and participles with a set of word endings (sounds/letters attached to the ends of words) that show the grammatical roles of words in a sentence. Because the grammatical roles are shown by the endings, word orderis freer in than in English. There are six cases in Russian. The nominative case, the form listed in the dictionary, is used for the subject of the sentence. The g...

    Gender and number

    In Russian, nouns have one of three genders: masculine, feminine, or neutral. This is the same for languages like French, Spanish, etc. Masculine nouns usually end in consonants, neutral nouns usually end in -o or -e, and feminine nouns usually end in -a or -я. The plural acts like a fourth genderbecause gender does not change plural words.

    Adjectives

    In Russian, an adjective must agree with the word that it describes in gender, case and number. In the nominative case, adjectives that describe feminine words usually end in -ая or -яя. Those that describe masculine words usually end in -ый, -ий or -ой. Those that describe neuterwords usually end in -ое or -ее. Those that describe plural words usually end in -ые or -ие. The endings change depending on case.

    • Old East Slavic
    • 150 million (2010), 260 million (L1 plus L2 speakers) (2012)
  3. People also ask

    What alphabet does the Russian language use?

    Does the Russian language have a script?

    What languages use the Cyrillic alphabet?

  4. The Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters: 10 vowels (а, е, ё, и, о, у, ы, э, ю, я), 21 consonants and 2 signs (hard and soft) that are not pronounced. The Russian alphabet uses the Cyrillic script. Some letters of the Russian alphabet look like and sound similar to the letters of the Latin alphabet. But there are also significant differences.

  5. The Russian alphabet (Cyrillic) contains 33 letters. One of them - “ё [yo]” - which is now being phased out by many Russians, was officially born on Nov. 29, 1783. Princess Yekaterina ...

  6. The Cyrillic alphabet (/ s ɪ ˈ r ɪ l ɪ k /) is a native Slavic alphabet. It is now used to write Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Rusyn, Bulgarian, Macedonian and for most South Slavic languages. It was developed in the Macedonian empire in Tzar Samoil's raign in the 10th century.

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