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Theocracy is a form of government in which a deity of some type is recognized as the supreme ruling authority, giving divine guidance to human intermediaries that manage the day-to-day affairs of the government.
Theocracy definition is - government of a state by immediate divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided.
Theocracy, government by divine guidance or by officials who are regarded as divinely guided. In many theocracies, government leaders are members of the clergy, and the state’s legal system is based on religious law. The Enlightenment marked the end of theocracy in most Western countries.
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Theocracy definition, a form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authorities.
Define theocracy. theocracy synonyms, theocracy pronunciation, theocracy translation, English dictionary definition of theocracy. n. pl. the·oc·ra·cies 1 ...
Nov 17, 2019 · A theocracy is a government operated under divine rule or the pretense of divine rule. The origin of the word "theocracy" is from the 17th century from the Greek word theokratia. Theo is Greek for "god," and cracy means "government."
- What Is A Theocracy?
- History of Theocracy
- Characteristics of A Theocracy
- Which Countries Currently Have A Theocracy?
- Advantages of A Theocracy
- Disadvantages of A Theocracy
In a theocracy, all laws and regulations of a country originate from the rules set forth by a particular religion and its god or deity. This type of government is said to operate under the divine rule, in other words, the deity is recognized as the Head of State. The religious holy book is often treated as a message from the deity and used to formulate the rules of the society. A theocracy is often administered by a group of religious figures who claim political authority in the name of these...
The idea behind theocracy dates back to the first century AD when it was first used to describe the type of government practiced by the Jews. At that time, Flavius Josephus suggested that most governments fell under 1 of 3 categories: monarchy, democracy, or oligarchy. The Jewish form of government, however, could not be classified as such. Their law was defined by Moses through God.This definition of theocracy was common until the Enlightenment Era when the term began to take on a negative m...
Most theocratic governments are also structured as either a monarchy or dictatorship. Additionally, theocracies are similar in that the people with political power first serve the god of their religion and then the citizens of the country. As previously mentioned, these individuals are generally part of the clergy of the religion and are not chosen by popular vote. Future leaders gain their positions through family inheritance, or they are chosen by the previous leaders. These individuals ret...
Today, many countries continue to rule by theocracy. This section of the article takes a look at a few of them.
Some researchers believe that theocracies come with some advantages. One of the principal advantages is that in a theocracy, the government is more unified and efficient in decision making. New laws, amendments, and bills can be signed and enacted more quickly than in other governmental systems. This is because a theocracy lacks a legislative branch, which means that low-level public officials are not negotiating the terms of new laws which can often take months.
A theocracy also has the disadvantage of giving too much power to one individual. This is because the government lacks various branches and a system of checks and balances (which, consequently, makes it faster and more efficient). Under a theocracy, the leader is able to abuse power by enacting rules in the name of the deity. These rules often work only to benefit the leader.
- Amber Pariona
Theocracy. a word first used by Josephus to denote that the Jews were under the direct government of God himself. The nation was in all things subject to the will of their invisible King. All the people were the servants of Jehovah, who ruled over their public and private affairs, communicating to them his will through the medium of the prophets.
- Saudi Arabia
- Vatican City
The Islamic Republic of Iran is a theocracy government. This means that the constitution denotes that the ruler of the state is best qualified to interpret Islam and ensure that the people of the state strictly adhere to its principles. Prior to the formation of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the country was ruled by the Shah (monarch), Muhammad Reza Pahlavi, who was well-known for his secular attitudes. In 1979, following a revolution, the Shah was overthrown from his position by the Grand Ay...
Mauritania, a small country in the Maghreb region of western North Africa, is an Islamic republic with a theocratic government. The legal system of the country is based on sharia law, and most of its national symbols, including the national flag, incorporate symbols of Islam. Although in its initial days Mauritania had a Western-styled government structure and a relatively liberal disposition, situations changed in the 1980s. At that time, Colonel Mohammed Khouna Ould Heydallah, the military...
Saudi Arabia, an Islamic theocratic monarchy, has one of the most tightly controlled governments in the world. The country is also home to two of Islam’s most holy sites, the cities of Mecca and Medina. Since 1932, the land has been ruled exclusively by the House of Saud. The Holy Quran and the Sunni School of Islam serve as the country’s constitution. Although law does not directly forbid other religions to be practiced in the country, the practice of religions other than Islam is abhorred b...
In Sudan, the theocratic rule of the Sudanese Government, and the establishment of a legal system based on Islamic laws, are primarily used as tools by the country’s leaders to manipulate and conform the Muslim population of the country, which forms about 97% of the total population. Even though the constitution of the country mentions the sharia-derived laws, it also leaves space for a more liberal attitude towards people of other beliefs than Islam. This allows the Government punish anyone...
Though all the other discussed countries are ruled in some form by a theocratic Islamic Government, the Vatican City is the only country in the world with an absolute theocratic elective monarchy that is guided by the principles of a Christian religious school of thought. The Pope is the supreme power in the country, and leads the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the Vatican government. This is also perhaps the only monarchy in the world that is non-hereditary in nature.
Yemen, like most of the other mentioned countries, is also based on theocratic governance with Islamic sharia law dictating the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of the government. Recently, Yemen has also been going through a period of intense political turmoil, wherein conflicts between several different political groups have led to a civil war type of situation in the country. The main forces in the fight involve the Zaidi Shia rebels (or Houthis) against the loyalists of the d...
- Oishimaya Sen Nag