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  1. Main data source: CIA World Fact Book. All values, unless otherwise stated, are in US dollars. The economy of Indonesia is a mixed economy with dirigiste characteristics, [30] [31] and it is one of the emerging market economies in the world and the largest in Southeast Asia.

    • History
    • Recent Relations
    • Development Assistances
    • Diplomatic Missions
    • Military Cooperation
    • See Also
    • References
    • Further Reading
    • External Links

    19th Century

    In 1831, the natives living in the village of Kuala Batee (located on the island of Sumatra, then part of the Dutch East Indies) massacred the crew of a U.S. merchant ship. This led to the punitive First Sumatran Expedition, during which U.S. and Dutch troops raided the settlement. The U.S. Navy returned to Sumatra during the Second Sumatran Expedition, launched in response to an attack on another U.S. merchant ship by Malay pirates.


    Much to the annoyance of the Dutch[citation needed], the United States played a major role in demanding Indonesian independence in the late 1940s. The Cold Warplayed a critical role as the Indonesian Republic conclusively demonstrated its willingness and ability to suppress internal communist threats, as directed by the Comintern. U.S. policy since the 1940s has been to support Indonesia and help it avoid communism and was the primary provider of armaments. After Japan, Indonesia was the larg...

    East Timor crisis: 1975–2002

    The victory of left-wing Fretilin in a civil war in East Timor caused alarm in Indonesia, which feared a hostile left-wing base that would promote secessionist movements within Indonesia. Anti-Fretilin activists from the other main parties fled to West Timor, a part of Indonesia, and called upon Jakarta to annex the former Portuguese colony. On December 6, 1975, Ford and Kissinger met Indonesian President Suharto in Jakarta and indicated the U.S. would not take a position on East Timor. Indon...

    The United States has significant economic, commercial, and security interests in Indonesia. It remains a linchpin of regional security due to its strategic location astride several vital international maritime straits, particularly the Malacca Strait. Relations between Indonesia and the U.S. are generally positive and have advanced since the elect...

    The U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and its predecessors have provided development assistance to Indonesia since 1950. Initial assistance focused on the most urgent needs of the new republic, including food aid, infrastructure rehabilitation, health care, and training. For thirty years, between 1967 and 2007, U.S. aid to Indonesia...

    The U.S. embassy in Indonesia is located in Jakarta. There are U.S. consulate generals in Surabaya (principal officer: Caryn R. McClelland) and Medan (principal officer: Sean Stein). There is a U.S. consular agency in Denpasar. The Indonesian embassy in the U.S. is located in Washington D.C., with consulate generals in New York, San Francisco, Los ...

    In 2010, the United States lifted a ban on military contacts with Kopassus, an Indonesian special operations forcesinvolved with human rights abuses in the 1990s. In January 2018 visit to Jakarta, Secretary of Defense James Mattis stated that Indonesia was a maritime fulcrum in the Asia-Pacific region, and wanted Indonesia and the U.S. to cooperate...

    This article incorporates public domain material from U.S. Bilateral Relations Fact Sheets. United States Department of State.

    Bootsma, N. "The Discovery of Indonesia: Western (non-Dutch) Historiography on the Decolonization of Indonesia." in Bijdragen tot de Taal-, Land-en Volkenkunde 1ste Afl (1995): 1-22. online in English
    Freise, Christopher. "American grand strategy and US foreign policy towards Indonesia" (PhD. Diss. U of Melbourne 2017) onlinebibliography on pp. 253–269.
    Hamilton-Hart, Natasha, and Dave McRae. "Indonesia: balancing the United States and China, aiming for independence." (United States Studies Centre at the University of Sydney, 2015) online.
    Inkiriwang, Frega Wenas. "The dynamic of the US–Indonesia defence relations: the 'IMET ban' period." Australian Journal of International Affairs 74.4 (2020): 377-393. online
    Embassy of Indonesia in Washington DC, United States Archived 2021-08-16 at the Wayback Machine
    Indonesia – US Economic Relations from the Dean Peter Krogh Foreign Affairs Digital Archives
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  3. Oct 20, 2023 · Strategy. Results. The largest economy in Southeast Asia, Indonesia – a diverse archipelago nation of more than 300 ethnic groups – has charted impressive economic growth since overcoming the Asian financial crisis of the late 1990s. Today, Indonesia is the world’s fourth most populous nation and 10 th largest economy in terms of ...

  4. Economy, Trade and Investment. Indonesia will be the host for the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) in 2013. The U.S. is committed to supporting Indonesia’s host year, deepening our cooperation within APEC, and building on the strong momentum from the U.S. host year in 2011.

  5. Apr 3, 2024 · Geography - note. note 1: according to Indonesia's National Coordinating Agency for Survey and Mapping, the total number of islands in the archipelago is 13,466, of which 922 are permanently inhabited (Indonesia is the world's largest country comprised solely of islands); the country straddles the equator and occupies a strategic location astride or along major sea lanes from the Indian Ocean ...

  6. Economy of Indonesia. Batak market on the shore of Lake Toba, Sumatra, Indonesia. Indonesia has played a modest role in the world economy since the mid-20th century, and its importance has been considerably less than its size, resources, and geographic position would seem to warrant.

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