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  1. Władysław II Jagiełło - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Władysław_II_Jagiełło

    Jogaila ( Jogaila ), later Władysław II Jagiełło ( Polish pronunciation: [vwaˈdɨswaf jaˈɡʲɛwːɔ] ( listen)) (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434) and then King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole ruler of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377.

    • 4 March 1386
    • Algirdas
    • May 1377 – August 1381, 3/15 August 1382 – 1 June 1434
    • Władysław III
  2. Władysław II Jagiełło — Wikipedia Republished // WIKI 2

    wiki2.org › en › Władysław_II_Jagiełło
    • Early Life
    • Ruler of Lithuania and Poland
    • King of Poland
    • Gallery
    • See Also

    Lithuania

    Lit­tle is known of Jo­gaila's early life, and even his year of birth is un­cer­tain. Pre­vi­ously his­to­ri­ans as­sumed he was born in 1352, but some re­cent re­search sug­gests a later date—about 1362. He was a de­scen­dant of the Ged­i­minid dy­nasty and was the son of Al­gir­das, Grand Duke of Lithua­nia, and his sec­ond wife, Uliana of Tver. The Grand Duchy of Lithua­nia to which Jo­gaila suc­ceeded as Grand Duke in 1377 was a po­lit­i­cal en­tity com­posed of two lead­ing, but very dif...

    Baptism and marriage

    Jo­gaila's Russ­ian mother Uliana of Tver urged him to marry Sofia, daugh­ter of Prince Dmitri of Moscow, who re­quired him first to con­vert to Orthodoxy.[nb 4] That op­tion, how­ever, was un­likely to halt the cru­sades against Lithua­nia by the Teu­tonic Knights, who re­garded Or­tho­dox Chris­tians as schis­mat­ics and lit­tle bet­ter than heathens. Jo­gaila chose there­fore to ac­cept a Pol­ish pro­posal to be­come a Catholic and marry the eleven-year-old Queen Jad­wiga of Poland.[nb 5]...

    Accession

    Władysław II Jagiello and Jad­wiga reigned as co-mon­archs; and though Jad­wiga prob­a­bly had lit­tle real power, she took an ac­tive part in Poland's po­lit­i­cal and cul­tural life. In 1387, she led two suc­cess­ful mil­i­tary ex­pe­di­tions to Red Ruthe­nia, re­cov­ered lands her fa­ther, Louis I of Hun­gary, had trans­ferred from Poland to Hun­gary, and se­cured the homage of Voivode Petru I of Mol­davia.In 1390, she also per­son­ally opened ne­go­ti­a­tions with the Teu­tonic Order. Mos...

    Challenges

    Jagiello's bap­tism failed to end the cru­sade of the Teu­tonic Knights, who claimed his con­ver­sion was a sham, per­haps even a heresy, and re­newed their in­cur­sions on the pre­text that pa­gans re­mained in Lithuania. From then on, how­ever, the Order found it harder to sus­tain the cause of a cru­sade and faced the grow­ing threat to its ex­is­tence posed by the King­dom of Poland and a gen­uinely Chris­t­ian Lithua­nia alliance. Władysław spon­sored the cre­ation of the dio­cese of Vil...

    Early actions

    On 22 June 1399, Jad­wiga gave birth to a daugh­ter, bap­tised Eliz­a­beth Boni­fa­cia, but within a month the mother and daugh­ter died, leav­ing Władysław sole ruler of the King­dom of Poland and with­out an heir nor much le­git­i­macy to rule the king­dom. Jad­wiga's death un­der­mined Władysław's right to the throne, and as a re­sult old con­flicts be­tween the no­bil­ity of Lesser Poland, gen­er­ally sym­pa­thetic to Władysław, and the gen­try of Greater Poland began to sur­face. In 1402...

    Against the Teutonic Order

    The war ended in the Treaty of Raciąż on 22 May 1404. Władysław ac­ceded to the for­mal ces­sion of Samogi­tia and agreed to sup­port the Order's de­signs on Pskov; in re­turn, Kon­rad von Jungin­gen un­der­took to sell Poland the dis­puted Do­brzyń Land and the town of Złoto­ryja, once pawned to the Order by Władysław Opol­ski, and to sup­port Vy­tau­tas in a re­vived at­tempt on Nov­gorod. Both sides had prac­ti­cal rea­sons for sign­ing the treaty at that point: the Order needed time to fo...

    Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic war

    In De­cem­ber 1408, Władysław and Vy­tau­tas held strate­gic talks in Navahru­dak Cas­tle, where they de­cided to fo­ment a Samogit­ian up­ris­ing against Teu­tonic rule to draw Ger­man forces away from Pomere­lia. Władysław promised to repay Vy­tau­tas for his sup­port by restor­ing Samogi­tia to Lithua­nia in any fu­ture peace treaty. The up­ris­ing, which began in May 1409, at first pro­voked lit­tle re­ac­tion from the Knights, who had not yet con­sol­i­dated their rule in Samogi­tia by b...

    Władysław II Jagiełło by Jan Mate­jko
    Władysław Jagiełło as de­picted in Ksaw­ery Pil­lati's Por­traits of Pol­ish Princes and Kings,1888
    A 17th-cen­tury de­pic­tion of Władysław II Jagiełło and Jad­wiga of Poland by the cross by Tom­maso Dola­bella
  3. Talk:Władysław II Jagiełło - Wikipedia

    en.wikipedia.org › wiki › Talk:Wladyslaw_II_Jagiello
    • Time For The F(A)Inal?
    • Regent
    • Hospodar
    • Copy-Edit
    • Angevin Sickness?
    • Władysław of Opole
    • Pontoon Bridge Claim
    • Languages
    • Audio Samples
    • Request For Mediation

    This article is a very good GA. There is not much standing between it and the FA status. What do you think we need to improve before it is FAced? From old discussions we all know that name was the stumbling point here, but I think we were making progress in agreeing that a variant combining both names (something like Jogaila (Władysław II Jagiello), while not perfect, would satisfy all concerned. Am I right on that? If so, and we can all agree on a final stable name, I believe a FA is within our reach without much work.--Piotr Konieczny aka Prokonsul Piotrus |talk 12:01, 24 December 2006 (UTC) 1. I don't see that the naming issue would prevent a successful FA review. No move is going to take place without a debate, so it does not impact the stability of the article. I think the main focus needs to be on copyediting the article. There's no question that it is comprehensive, more or less balanced, and well-referenced, but I don't think it is quite there yet in terms of the prose style...

    I'd like to ask about this sentence at the beginning: He was regent of Lithuania from 1377. Is that the right term? Lower down, it says that Algirdas was the Grand Duke of Lithuania...Jogaila's father was a de facto co-regent of Lithuania and ruled the country together with his brother, Kęstutis. The terms seem a little over-nuanced and contradictory: it looks to me rather as if Algirdas and Kęstutis were co-rulers, and that on Algirdas's death, Jogaila became co-ruler with Kęstutis in his father's place. Is that an oversimplification? Whatever the case, I doubt "regent" is the mot juste. qp10qp04:31, 29 December 2006 (UTC)

    I'm not sure I grasp this term in the following, or its implication: Since for most of his subjects Jogaila was a hospodar rather than "didysis kunigaikštis",the adoption of Orthodox Christianity seemed more natural. The Wikipedia entry on hospodar wasn't too helpful to me on this. Is the point that his people in the Ruthenian lands regarded him as an overlord rather than a prince? If so, how does that affect the religious conversion point? (Was this something to do with the Patriarch of the Orthodox church being based in Moscow?) As far as I can gather from the footnote on didysis kunigaikštis, the term means a high ruler with lordship over lower rulers, so the distinction from hospodar isn't entirely clear to me. I need to find some plain English here, to offset the difficult non-English terms which might count as specialist jargon. For the moment, I have left this point out and concentrated on the point that Jogaila's mother would have been Orthodox. qp10qp22:00, 29 December 2006...

    I've finished a thorough copy-edit and made my best efforts towards the "compelling prose" required for FA. I've cut about 1500 words from the article to make it more sprightly (in fact, more than that from the narrative text, since I've added an alphabetical references section), but there remain a similar number of notes and references, so the sum of information is much the same. I have a long list of details to research now in order to check and sharpen the article further: so I'll be posting some questions here as I go along, if anyone can help. I find Halibutt's referencing excellent; I've checked most of his references to English books and they pan out exquisitely, and so I'm sure his Polish and Lithuanian ones are just as reliable. In my opinion, this is a watertight FA candidate, except for (sighs)....the wretched title business. For me, "Jogaila (Wladyslaw II Jagiello)" would be perfect; but obviously the FA scrutineers will want to roast that old chestnut all over again. Qu...

    I haven't had any luck sourcing the following, and so—with reluctance because it is melodramatic—I've removed it till some evidence surfaces: At first I just wanted a source for the notion that Jadwiga and her daughter might have died for this reason, but I couldn't even find a source for the 'Angevin sickness' itself. Nor could I find a source for the exhumations (which are mentioned in Jadwiga's article), the commentary on which might shed light on these speculations (though I would think it unlikely a narrow pelvis caused the deaths; infections etc. being only too common). If someone can find anything in the Polish sources or through superior research skills to mine, please do, and perhaps we can restore this intriguing note. qp10qp00:17, 9 January 2007 (UTC) 1. 1.1. The Angevin disease was briefly mentioned in Jasienica (op.cit., the English note was pretty much a translation of the mention in the Polish book), who however was by no means a doctor and only briefly mentioned the...

    I removed the following note because I couldn't source it: Eventually Prince Władysław of Opolebecame Jogaila's godfather. I am sure it's true (because Władysław of Opole had been close to Jadwiga's father), but perhaps the source of the information lies in a Polish book. If any Polish editors can help, by all means do; but I have to say that I don't think this fact will be much of a loss to the article. The other thing bothering me was that in places this chap was described as a duke, not a prince. qp10qp02:42, 9 January 2007 (UTC) 1. 1.1. AAMoF the person of Jagiello's godfather is a tad problematic as at least two people are mentioned as such. Jasienica suggests it was Władysław, but there was some other candidate as well (bishop of Cracow, if memory serves me). As to the titles - the problem is easier to solve than you think. Polish (and hence Lithuanian) system of honorary titles is fairly simple, mostly because of the post-Jagiello times. In short, the division into dux and pr...

    Angus further up this page quizzed the claim about the pontoon bridge. I have been able to find confirmation that the pontoon bridge was big, but I can't source the following note: It was one of the first uses of pontoon bridges in European warfare since the Battle of Garigliano, and the first by a European power since antiquity. I can't find where this comes from. Once again, it may be in a Polish book; if someone can reference it from one, all the better. In any case, even if a historian said it, the note verges on peacockery, in my opinion, and isn't strictly necessary to the article—though it would be nice to reinsert it if someone finds a source. For the moment, I've removed it. qp10qp03:07, 9 January 2007 (UTC) 1. 1.1. Good spotting! Indeed, the remark was unsourced primarily because... I couldn't remember what the source was. Some time ago I was writing a paper on military engineering in late Middle Ages and dug up several works in the Central Military Library in Warsaw. Howe...

    I wonder what is the source for Władysław never learning Polish. As far as I remember Długosz (who was far from being sympathetic to Jagiello, to put it mildly), he mocked his fancy accent and errors, but that would mean that Jagiello did learn Polish... //Halibutt00:58, 11 January 2007 (UTC) 1. You're right. I think I misremembered what I read in the Lituanus article. I was going to double check that, because even as I wrote it, it didn't seem likely. (It actually says "He never became fluent in Polish".) Good call; I'll change it. qp10qp01:42, 11 January 2007 (UTC)

    I think the article would benefit from audio samples of "Jogaila" and "Władysław II Jagiełło", which would especially be good for a FAC. Olessi20:33, 11 January 2007 (UTC)

    A mediation request concerning the naming of this article has been opened at Wikipedia:Requests for mediation/Jogaila. All interested editors should add themselves to the request, and sign acceptance. (You could add yourself and sign to reject, but that seems rather pointless). Angus McLellan (Talk)01:03, 1 February 2007 (UTC) 1. If this happens, the Mediation will be summarily rejected. Unless there is clear evidence that the refusals make mediation impossible, I will file with the Mediation Cabal, which is less particular about what it accepts. Septentrionalis PMAnderson 15:52, 1 February 2007 (UTC) 1.1. The Mediation request was rejected. It was accepted by a large number of editors, and ignored to death by one. There are multiple sides here, besides the Polish-Lithuanian issue. We could go back to the Mediation Committee with the eight of us who are interested, leaving Dr Dan to join us later if he likes; or we could invoke the Wikipedia:Mediation Cabal. Which? Septentrionalis P...

  4. Władysław II Jagiełło - Wikipedia

    sco.wikipedia.org › wiki › Władysław_II_Jagiełło

    Jogaila, later Władysław II Jagiełło ( Pols pronunciation: [vwadɨˈswaf jaˈgʲɛwwɔ] ( listen)) (c. 1352/1362 – 1 Juin 1434) wis Grand Duke o Lithuanie (1377–1434), Keeng o Poland (1386–1399) alangside his wife Jadwiga, an then sole King o Poland.

    • 4 Mairch 1386
    • Algirdas
    • Mey 1377 – August 1381, 3/15 August 1382 – 1 Juin 1434
    • Władysław III
  5. Władysław II Jagiełło - Wikipedia

    vls.wikipedia.org › wiki › Władysław_II_Jagiełło

    Władysław II Jagiełło of Wladislaus, Vladislaus, Vladislav, Ladislaus, Ladislav, Ladislas en in 't Litouws Jogaila Algirdaitis (Vilnius, ca. 1351/1362-Gródek Jagielloński, nu Horodok, Oekraïne, 1 juni 1434 ), was de zeune van Algirdas van Litouwn en Uljana Alekandrovna van Tver. Je was êest grôothertog van Litouwn en je regeerde doa ...

    • Kęstutis
    • Algirdas van Litouwn
    • 1377-1381
    • Algirdas
  6. Władysław II Jagiełło - Timenote

    timenote.info › en › Wladyslaw-II-Jagiello
    • Early Life
    • Ruler of Lithuania and Poland
    • King of Poland
    • Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War
    • Final Years

    Lithuania Little is known of Jogaila's early life, and even his year of birth is not certain. Previously historians assumed he was born in 1352, but some recent research suggests a later date—about 1362. He was a descendant of the Gediminid dynasty and was probably born in Vilnius. His parents were Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his second wife, Uliana, daughter of Alexander I, Grand Prince of Tver. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania to which Jogaila succeeded as Grand Duke in 1377 was a political entity composed of two leading, but very different nationalities and two political systems: ethnic Lithuania in the north-west and the vast Ruthenian territories of former Kievan Rus', comprising the lands of modern Ukraine, Belarus, and parts of western Russia. At first, Jogaila—like his father—based his rule in the southern and eastern territories of Lithuania, while his uncle, Kęstutis, the Duke of Trakai, continued to rule the north-western region. Jogaila's succession, however, soon...

    Władysław II Jagiello and Queen Jadwiga reigned as co-monarchs; and though Jadwiga probably had little real power, she took an active part in Poland's political and cultural life. In 1387, she led two successful military expeditions to Red Ruthenia, recovered lands her father Louis I of Hungary had transferred from Poland to Hungary, and secured the homage of Petru I, Voivode of Moldavia. In 1390, she also personally opened negotiations with the Teutonic Order. Most political responsibilities, however, fell to Jagiello, with Jadwiga attending to the cultural and charitable activities for which she is still revered. Soon after Jagiello's accession to the Polish throne, Jagiello granted Vilnius a city charter like that of Kraków, modeled on the Magdeburg Law; and Vytautas issued a privilege to a Jewish commune of Trakai on almost the same terms as privileges issued to the Jews of Poland in the reigns of Boleslaus the Pious and Casimir the Great. Władysław's policy of unifying the two...

    On 22 June 1399, Jadwiga gave birth to a daughter, baptised Elizabeth Bonifacia; but within a month the mother and daughter died, leaving Władysław sole ruler of the Kingdom of Poland and without an heir nor much legitimacy to rule the kingdom. Jadwiga's death undermined Władysław's right to the throne; and as a result old conflicts between the nobility of Lesser Poland, generally sympathetic to Władysław, and the gentry of Greater Poland began to surface. In 1402, Władysław answered the rumblings against his rule by marrying Anna of Celje, a granddaughter of Casimir III of Poland, a political match which re-legitimised his reign. The Union of Vilnius and Radom of 1401 confirmed Vytautas's status as grand duke under Władysław's overlordship, while assuring the title of grand duke to the heirs of Władysław rather than those of Vytautas: should Władysław die without heirs, the Lithuanian boyars were to elect a new monarch. Since no heir had yet been produced by either monarch, the act...

    Main articles: Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War and Battle of Grunwald In December 1408, Władysław and Vytautas held strategic talks in Navahrudak Castle, where they decided to foment a Samogitian uprising against Teutonic rule to draw German forces away from Pomerelia. Władysław promised to repay Vytautas for his support by restoring Samogitia to Lithuania in any future peace treaty. The uprising, which began in May 1409, at first provoked little reaction from the Knights, who had not yet consolidated their rule in Samogitia by building castles; but by June their diplomats were busy lobbying Władysław's court at Oborniki, warning his nobles against Polish involvement in a war between Lithuania and the Order. Władysław, however, bypassed his nobles and informed new Grand Master Ulrich von Jungingen that if the Knights acted to suppress Samogitia, Poland would intervene. This stung the Order into issuing a declaration of war against Poland on 6 August, which Władysław received on 14 Au...

    Dissent The war ended in 1411 with the Peace of Thorn, in which neither Poland nor Lithuania drove home their negotiating advantage to the full, much to the discontent of the Polish nobles. Poland regained Dobrzyń Land, Lithuania regained Samogitia, and Masovia regained a small territory beyond the Wkra river. Most of the Teutonic Order's territory, however, including towns which had surrendered, remained intact. Władysław then proceeded to release many high-ranking Teutonic Knights and officials for apparently modest ransoms. The cumulative expense of the ransoms, however, proved a drain on the Order's resources. This failure to exploit the victory to his nobles' satisfaction provoked growing opposition to Władysław's regime after 1411, further fuelled by the granting of Podolia, disputed between Poland and Lithuania, to Vytautas, and by the king's two-year absence in Lithuania. In an effort to outflank his critics, Władysław promoted the leader of the opposing faction, bishop Miko...

  7. Władysław II Jagiełło | king of Poland | Britannica

    www.britannica.com › biography › Wladyslaw-II-Jagiello

    Władysław II Jagiełło, Lithuanian Jogaila, or Iogaila, English Jagiello, or Jagello, (born c. 1351—died May 31/June 1, 1434, Grodek, near Lwów, Galicia, Pol. [now Lviv, Ukraine]), grand duke of Lithuania (as Jogaila, 1377–1401) and king of Poland (1386–1434), who joined two states that became the leading power of eastern Europe.

  8. Władysław II Jagiełło - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia ...

    id.wikipedia.org › wiki › Władysław_II_Jagiełło
    • Kehidupan Awal
    • Penguasa Lituania Dan Polandia
    • Raja Polandia
    • Perang Polandia–Lituania–Teutonik

    Lituania

    Tidak banyak yang diketahui mengenai kehidupan awal Jogaila, dan bahkan tanggal kelahirannya tidak jelas. Sebelumnya para sejarawan menyatakan tahun kelahirannya adalah tahun 1352, tetapi beberapa penelitian baru menyebutkan tahun lainnya, yaitu tahun 1362. Ia merupakan keturunan dari wangsa Gediminaičiai dan kemungkinan dilahirkan di Vilnius. Orangtuanya adalah Algirdas, Adipati Agung Lituania, dan istri keduanya, Uliana, putri Aleksandr I, Pangeran Agung Tver. Wilayah Adipati Agung Lituania...

    Pembaptisan dan Pernikahan

    Ibu Jogaila yang berkebangsaan Rusia Uliana Alexandrovna dari Tver mendesaknya untuk menikahi Sofia, daughter of Pangeran Dmitrii dari Moskwa, yang mengharuskannya pindah ke Ortodoks.[nb 2] Namun pilihan itu tidak memungkinkan untuk menahan perang salib melawan Lituania oleh para Ordo Teutonik, yang memandang Gereja Ortodoks sebagai skismatik dan sedikit lebih baik dari kafir. Karena itu Jogaila memilih untuk menerima usulan Polandia untuk menjadi seorang penganut Katolik dan menikahi Ratu Ja...

    Władysław II Jagiello dan Ratu Jadwiga memerintah sebagai rekan-pemimpin; dan meskipun Jadwiga kemungkinan hanya memiliki sedikit kekuasaan yang sesungguhnya, ia aktif di dalam kehidupan politik dan kebudayaan Polandia. Pada tahun 1387, ia memimpin dua ekspedisi militer yang sukses ke Rutenia Merah, memulihkan wilayah-wilayah ayahnya Lajos I dari Hongaria yang dipindahkan dari Polandia ke Hongaria, dan mengamankan penghormatan Petru I, Voivode Moldavia.Pada tahun 1390, ia juga secara pribadi membuka negosiasi-negosiasi dengan Ordo Teutonik. Namun kebanyakan tanggung jawab politik, jatuh ke tangan Jagiello, dengan Jadwiga menghadiri aktivitas kebudayaan dan sosial yang ia masih dihormati. Tak lama setelah aksesi Jagiello ke atas tahta Polandia, Jagiello menjamin Vilnius sebagai sebuah kota piagam seperti Kraków, yang dimodelkan pada Hak Magdeburg; dan Vytautas mengeluarkan sebuah hak istimewa kepada komunitas Yahudi di Trakai dengan kondisi-kondisi hak istimewa yang hampir sama denga...

    Pada tanggal 22 Juni 1399, Jadwiga melahirkan seorang putri, yang dibaptis sebagai Elżbieta Bonifacia; namun dalam waktu sebulan ibu dan anak itu meninggal, yang menjadikan Władysław sebagai penguasa tunggal di Kerajaan Polandia dan tanpa pewaris atau legitimasi banyak untuk memerintah kerajaan. Kematian Jadwiga merusak hak Władysław bertahta; dan akibatnya konflik-konflik lama di antara bangsawan Małopolska, yang umumnya simpati kepada Władysław, dan bangsawan dari Wielkopolska mulai muncul ke permukaan. Pada tahun 1402, Władysław menjawab gemuruh melawan kekuasaan dengan menikahi Anna dari Celje, cucu perempuan Kazimierz III yang Agung, perjodohan politik yang kembali melegitimasi pemerintahannya. Uni Vilnius dan Radom pada tahun 1401 menkonfirmasikan status Vytautas sebagai adipati agung dibawah kemaharajaan Władysław, sementara memastikan gelar Adipati Agung kepada ahli waris Władysław daripada rakyat Vytautas: apabila Władysław mangkat tanpa keturunan, maka bangsawan Lituania a...

    Pada bulan Desember 1408, Władysław dan Vytautas mengadakan pembicaraan-pembicaraan strategis di Puri Navahrudak, dimana mereka memutuskan untuk menimbulkan Pemberontakan Žemaitėjė menentang pemerintahan Teutonik untuk mengusir pasukan Jerman dari Pomerelia. Władysław berjanji untuk membayar Vytautas atas dukungannya dengan memulihkan Žemaitėjė pada Lituania di dalam perjanjian damai di masa mendatang. Pemberontakan itu, yang dimulai pada bulan Mei 1409, mulanya memprovokasi sedikit reaksi dari Ordo, yang belum mengonsolidasi kekuasaan mereka dalam membangun benteng-benteng Žemaitėjė; namun pada bulan Juni diplomat mereka sibuk melobi di istana Władysław di Oborniki, memberi peringatan bangsawan Polandia yang menentang keterlibatan di dalam perang antara Lituania dan Ordo. Namun Władysław melewati para bangsawannya dan memberitahu Guru Besar Ulrich dari Jungingen bahwa apabila Ordo bertindak untuk menekan Žemaitėjė, Polandia akan ikut campur. Hal ini menyengat Ordo di dalam mengelua...

  9. Władysław II Jagiełło

    universalium.enacademic.com › 247132 › Władysław_II

    Władysław II Jagiełło. born с 1351. died May 31/June 1, 1434, Grodek, near Lwów, Galicia, Pol. Grand duke of Lithuania (1377–1401) and king of Poland (1386–1434), founder of the Jagiellon dynasty. He had to defeat rivals, including his cousin Vytautas, in order to secure his rule in Lithuania. He married the Polish queen Jadwiga (1386 ...

  10. Władysław II. Jagiełło – Wikipedia

    de.wikipedia.org › wiki › Władysław_II
    • Leben
    • Ehen und Nachkommen
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    Jogaila war der Sohn des Großfürsten Algirdas († 1377) und dessen zweiter Ehefrau Uljana von Twer. Sein Vater hatte sich als Großfürst mit seinem Bruder Kęstutis (poln. Kiejstut) die Regierung geteilt. Jogaila überwarf sich nach 1379 in einem bewaffneten Konflikt mit seinem Onkel Kęstutis, schloss im Mai 1380 den geheimen Vertrag von Daudisken mit dem langjährigen litauischen Kriegsgegner, dem Deutschen Orden, der einen gegen Kęstutis gerichteten Nichtangriffspakt darstellte, wurde aber 1381 gefangen genommen und abgesetzt. Er kam wieder frei und konnte 1382 seinen Onkel bei einem persönlichen Treffen gefangen nehmen. Kęstutis wurde im Gefängnis getötet, während dessen Sohn Vytautasfliehen konnte. 1384 einigte sich Jogaila mit Vytautas und konnte sich um die Hand der jungen Königin Jadwiga (dt. Hedwig) von Polen und damit auch um die polnische Krone bewerben. Er heiratete Hedwig am 18. Februar 1386 und am 4. März 1386 wurde Jogaila in Krakau als Władysław II. Jagiełło zum König gekr...

    In der 1386 geschlossenen Ehe mit Königin Jadwigawurde nur eine Tochter geboren, die jedoch kurz nach der Geburt starb. Die Mutter verstarb im Wochenbett. Zum zweiten Mal vermählte sich Władysław II. Jagiełło 1402 mit Anna von Cilli, mit der er eine Tochter Hedwig Jagiellonica (1408–1431) hatte. Seine dritte Ehe mit Elisabeth von Pilitzablieb kinderlos. Aus der vierten, 1422 geschlossenen Ehe mit Sophie Holszańskagingen drei Söhne hervor: 1. Władysław III. von Warna(1424–1444), ab 1434 König von Polen, ab 1440 König von Ungarn 2. Kazimierz († als Kleinkind) 3. Kasimir IV. Andreas(1427–1492), ab 1444 Großfürst von Litauen, ab 1447 König von Polen

    Publikationen über Władysław II. Jagiełło im Bibliotheks- und Bibliographieportal / Herder-Institut (Marburg)

    ↑ Europäische Stammtafeln. Stammtafeln zur Geschichte der europäischen Staaten. Neue Folge, Band 2: Die außerdeutschen Staaten. Die regierenden Häuser der übrigen Staaten Europas.J. A. Stargardt, M...
    ↑ Jarosław Krawczyk: On Poland and Poles. A Historical Tale. Bellona, Warszawa 2004, ISBN 83-11-10048-9, S. 44–45.
    ↑ Unter Jogailas Suzeränität.
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