Did you meanwladyslaw ii jagiello wikipedia indonesia
Polandia dan Lituania 1386–1434. Jogaila, atau nantinya disebut Władysław II Jagiełło (1362-1434), adalah Adipati Agung Lituania dan Raja Polandia. Ia menguasai Lituania dari tahun 1377 pertama kalinya dengan pamannya, Kęstutis. Pada tahun 1386, ia pindah agama menjadi Kristen dan dibaptis sebagai Władysław.
Jogaila ( Jogaila ), later Władysław II Jagiełło ( Polish pronunciation: [vwaˈdɨswaf jaˈɡʲɛwːɔ] ( listen)) (c. 1352/1362 – 1 June 1434) was the Grand Duke of Lithuania (1377–1434) and then the King of Poland (1386–1434), first alongside his wife Jadwiga until 1399, and then sole King of Poland. He ruled in Lithuania from 1377.
Jogaila, later Władysław II Jagiełło (Pols pronunciation: [vwadɨˈswaf jaˈgʲɛwwɔ] ) (c. 1352/1362 – 1 Juin 1434) wis Grand Duke o Lithuanie (1377–1434), Keeng o Poland (1386–1399) alangside his wife Jadwiga, an then sole King o Poland.
Władysław II Jagiełło of Wladislaus, Vladislaus, Vladislav, Ladislaus, Ladislav, Ladislas en in 't Litouws Jogaila Algirdaitis (Vilnius, ca. 1351/1362-Gródek Jagielloński, nu Horodok, Oekraïne, 1 juni 1434), was de zeune van Algirdas van Litouwn en Uljana Alekandrovna van Tver.
- Algirdas van Litouwn
Władysław III (1434–44) Kazimierz IV (1447–92) John I Albert (1492–1501) Alexander (1501–05) Sigismund I (1506–48) Zygmunt II Augustus (1548–72) (juga dikenal sebagai Sigismund II) Setelah Zygmunt II Augustus, wangsa tersebut mengalami perubahan lebih lanjut.
Vladislav II av Polen (Władysław II Jagiełło eller Jogaila på polska, Jogaila Algirdaitis på litauiska, Jahajla (Ягайла) på vitryska, Volodislav Jahajlo (Володислав Ягайло) på ukrainska), född år 1348 eller 1351 i Gródek Jagielloński, död i juni 1434, var kung av Polen från 1386 till 1434.
- Early Life
- Ruler of Lithuania and Poland
- King of Poland
- See Also
Little is known of Jogaila's early life, and even his year of birth is uncertain. Previously historians assumed he was born in 1352, but some recent research suggests a later date—about 1362. He was a descendant of the Gediminid dynasty and was the son of Algirdas, Grand Duke of Lithuania, and his second wife, Uliana of Tver. The Grand Duchy of Lithuania to which Jogaila succeeded as Grand Duke in 1377 was a political entity composed of two leading, but very different nationalities and two po...
Baptism and marriage
Jogaila's Russian mother Uliana of Tver urged him to marry Sofia, daughter of Prince Dmitri of Moscow, who required him first to convert to Orthodoxy.[nb 4] That option, however, was unlikely to halt the crusades against Lithuania by the Teutonic Knights, who regarded Orthodox Christians as schismatics and little better than heathens. Jogaila chose therefore to accept a Polish proposal to become a Catholic and marry the eleven-year-old Queen Jadwiga of Poland.[nb 5] The nobles of Lesser Polan...
Władysław II Jagiello and Jadwiga reigned as co-monarchs; and though Jadwiga probably had little real power, she took an active part in Poland's political and cultural life. In 1387, she led two successful military expeditions to Red Ruthenia, recovered lands her father, Louis I of Hungary, had transferred from Poland to Hungary, and secured the homage of Voivode Petru I of Moldavia.In 1390, she also personally opened negotiations with the Teutonic Order. Most political responsibilities, howe...
Jagiello's baptism failed to end the crusade of the Teutonic Knights, who claimed his conversion was a sham, perhaps even a heresy, and renewed their incursions on the pretext that pagans remained in Lithuania. From then on, however, the Order found it harder to sustain the cause of a crusade and faced the growing threat to its existence posed by the Kingdom of Poland and a genuinely Christian Lithuania alliance. Władysław sponsored the creation of the diocese of Vilnius under bishop Andrzej...
On 22 June 1399, Jadwiga gave birth to a daughter, baptised Elizabeth Bonifacia, but within a month the mother and daughter died, leaving Władysław sole ruler of the Kingdom of Poland and without an heir nor much legitimacy to rule the kingdom. Jadwiga's death undermined Władysław's right to the throne, and as a result old conflicts between the nobility of Lesser Poland, generally sympathetic to Władysław, and the gentry of Greater Poland began to surface. In 1402, Władysław answered the rumb...
Against the Teutonic Order
The war ended in the Treaty of Raciąż on 22 May 1404. Władysław acceded to the formal cession of Samogitia and agreed to support the Order's designs on Pskov; in return, Konrad von Jungingen undertook to sell Poland the disputed Dobrzyń Land and the town of Złotoryja, once pawned to the Order by Władysław Opolski, and to support Vytautas in a revived attempt on Novgorod. Both sides had practical reasons for signing the treaty at that point: the Order needed time to fortify its newly acquired...
In December 1408, Władysław and Vytautas held strategic talks in Navahrudak Castle, where they decided to foment a Samogitian uprising against Teutonic rule to draw German forces away from Pomerelia. Władysław promised to repay Vytautas for his support by restoring Samogitia to Lithuania in any future peace treaty. The uprising, which began in May 1409, at first provoked little reaction from the Knights, who had not yet consolidated their rule in Samogitia by building castles; but by June the...
Władysław II Wygnaniec. Potret oleh Jan Matejko. Władysław II yang Diasingkan ( bahasa Polandia: Władysław II Wygnaniec) (1105 – 30 Mei 1159) merupakan seorang Adipati Tinggi Polandia dan Adipati Silesia dari tahun 1138 sampai pengusirannya pada tahun 1146. Ia adalah leluhur dari wangsa Piast Silesia .
Małych, a wielkim duchem będę wywyższał, a wielkich z małym umysłem i sercem strącał.Jagiełło Władysław II Jagiełło lit. Jogaiła Olgierdowicz) (ur. 1361 r. - zm. 1 czerwca 1434 r.) — syn wielkiego księcia litewskiego, Olgierda Giedyminowica i księżniczki twerskiej, Julianny Twerskiej, bratanek królowej Polski Aldony Anny Giedyminównej, księcia Kiejstuta Giedyminowica ...