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- Arguments Made Against Mandatory Labeling (Drawbacks) • Labels on GM foods imply a warning about health effects, whereas no verifiable differences in health effects between GM and conventional foods have been detected (Domingo and Bordonaba, 2011; Nicolia et al., 2013). • If a nutritional difference or allergenic
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What are the pros and cons of genetically engineered food?
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May 11, 2011 · The current food biotechnology debate illustrates the serious conflict between two groups: 1) Agri-biotech investors and their affiliated scientists who consider agricultural biotechnology as a solution to food shortage, the scarcity of environmental resources and weeds and pests infestations; and 2) independent scientists, environmentalists, farmers and consumers who warn that genetically modified food introduces new risks to food security, the environment and human health such as loss of ...
- Behrokh Mohajer Maghari, Ali M. Ardekani
Dec 19, 2012 · The biggest threat caused by GM foods is that they can have harmful effects on the human body. It is believed that consumption of these genetically engineered foods can cause the development of diseases which are immune to antibiotics. Besides, as these foods are new inventions, not much is known about their long term effects on human beings.
- A. S. Bawa, K. R. Anilakumar
Nov 29, 2017 · Organic is another word with much misinterpretation due to nothing actually proving its better for your health or the environment. Lastly, the effects on the poor. GMO ingredients are perceived to be unsafe when in reality thats not true. The poor will become food insecure and end up spending money on food because labels scare them away.
In addition, over the two decades that GMOs have been on the market, there have been no occurrences of health issues due to genetically modified organisms. As GMOs stand today, there are no health benefits to eating them over non-GMO foods.
Mandatory labeling of genetically modified (GM) foods has been proposed under a variety of initiatives at national and state levels but has not yet been implemented in the United States.Current U.S. law mandates food labeling when there is a substantial difference in the nutritional or safety characteristics of a new food. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not consi...Companies may voluntarily label foods produced without genetic modification, and foods labeled USDA Organicare produced without genetic modification.
- Quick Facts…
- Current Labeling Policy
- Voluntary vs. Mandatory Labeling
- The USDA Organic Label Means That A Product Is Not Genetically Modified
- Pros and Cons of Mandatory Labeling
- Issues to Consider with Mandatory Labeling
- Colorado Consumer Attitudes Toward GM Foods
- Additional Information
Since 1992, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has required labeling of GM foods only if the food has a nutritional or food safety property that is significantly different from what consumers would expect of that food. For example, if a new GM food includes a protein that may be an allergen not expected to be present (such as a peanut protein expressed in a soybean), then it would have to be labeled. Otherwise, the FDA has not considered the methods used to produce new plant varieties (such as hybridization or genetic engineering) to present systematic differences in nutritional properties or safety concerns compared to standard methods of traditional plant breeding. Therefore, the method of development is not considered material information required to be disclosed in the labeling of foods under U.S. food safety laws (FDA, 1992). Early in 2001, the FDA proposed voluntary guidelines for companies that choose to label foods as to whether they do or do not contain GM ingredie...
There are important differences between voluntary labeling and mandatory labeling. A number of companies and initiatives already voluntarily provide labeling of food products regarding their avoidance of GM ingredients. Voluntary labeling does not require further regulatory measures. The costs associated with verification that the food product does or does not use GM ingredients are only incurred by those consumers who choose to purchase the labeled product. Mandatory labeling would extend much further and would require, at a minimum, that all food products containing any GM ingredient (above a certain threshold for trace amounts) to indicate that fact. Stronger mandatory labeling requirements could include identification of each specific GM ingredient and its level of content in the product. Mandatory labeling requires further regulatory interventions including monitoring and enforcement. Under a mandatory labeling system, all consumers—both those that are concerned about the GM in...
USDA organic standards exclude the use of genetic engineering, but do not rule out the use of more conventional breeding methods, such as hybridization or tissue culture. Organic certification depends upon reasonable precautions being undertaken to prevent commingling and contact with GM products. Therefore, products labeled as ‘USDA Organic’ are effectively labeled as not containing GM ingredients.
There are many arguments both for and against the mandatory labeling of GM foods. These arguments are summarized below.
Although mandatory labeling of GM ingredients may appear to be a straightforward measure, there are several complex issues that need resolving prior to implementation.
Researchers in Colorado State University’s Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics have undertaken surveys to understand Colorado consumers’ attitudes toward food attributes, including GM foods and GM labeling. In a series of surveys taken in 2001, 2006, and 2011, about one third of Colorado respondents consistently expressed the opinion that GM foods are almost always or usually safe. About a fifth of respondents expressed the opinion that GM foods are almost never safe. However, almost half of respondents expressed some degree of uncertainty, either considering GM foods sometimes safe or saying they don’t know enough to respond (Thilmany McFadden et al 2012). An earlier study found that, while 78 percent of Colorado respondents supported mandatory labeling of GM foods, they were not, however, willing to pay a premium for such labeling. Women appeared to favor mandatory labeling more than men, younger consumers were less likely to support mandatory labeling, and those who...Alston, J. M., and D. A. Sumner (2012) Proposition 37–California food labeling initiative: economic implications for farmers and the food industry if the proposed initiative were adopted. A paper w...Auer, C.A.,Tracking genes from seed to supermarket: techniques and trends. Trends in Plant Science, (2003) 8: 591-597.Carter, C.A., and Gruere, G.P., Mandatory labeling of genetically modified foods: Does it really provide consumer choice? AgBioForum, 2003, 6(18),www.agbioforum.org/.Council for Agricultural Scuence and Technology (CAST), The Potential Impacts of Mandatory Labeling for Genetically Engineered Food in the United States. 2001, Issue Paper 54. Council for Agricultu...AgBioForum (www.agbioforum.org) 2000, Vol. 3, No. 4, issue is devoted to labeling of food produced through biotechnology.The Center for Food Safety, www.centerforfoodsafety.org, leads a campaign in favor of mandatory labeling.Consumer Union, www.consumerunion.org, advocates a number of food safety issue including improved regulation and labeling of GM foods.